The Society of the History of Discoveries is in the process of professionally indexing all the issues of its journal Terrae Incognitae.  The first twelve issues have been completed.  They are indexed to keywords in the articles, to articles, to authors of the articles, to the title of books reviewed and to the authors of the books reviewed.  The remaining issues are now in the process of being indexed.  As several volumes are completed, they will be posted to the web.


Index to Terrae Incognitae Volumes 1-12

(1969-1980)

 

By Michael Kalen Smith

“Michael Kalen Smith is in the history and social science division of the Dallas Public Library.  He is a professional bibliographer and indexer.”


And Alistair Maeer

“Alistair Maeer produced the digital file for the index of volumes 1-12

which led to it being placed on the Internet

To search this page, use Edit / Find on your browser tool bar.

 

                Alphabetization is letter-by-letter.  Non-English personal names are alphabetized under articles but not under prepositions (e.g. La Cosa, Juan de; Duisberg, Jan van).  Compound surnames are treated as single words (e.g. Rodíguez de Fonseca, Juan).  Original (“native”) forms of names are preferred to Latinized forms.  However, numerous exceptions to these rules occur as a result of emphasis on common usage: thus, “Columbus” instead of “Colón,” Pedro Álvares Cabral alphabetized under “Cabral,” and Peter Martyr under “Peter.”

 

Abassi, Ali Bey el- (fl. 1803-1807), travels in the Near East, IV 108

Abi-Serour, Issac, travels in West Africa, III 49-55

Abi-Serour, Mordochai (1831-1886), and Auguste Beaumier, III 45n, 49, 54, 56-58

                -as French Agent, III 56-58

                -biographical data on, III 48-49

                -historical literature on, III 45n

                -travels in West Africa, III 45-48; map III 46

                -portrait III 58

Acosta, José de (1539?-1600), theory of ocean currents, III 13

                -theory of wind patterns, III 9, 11-13, 30

                -Historia natural y moral de las Indias (1590), I 14

Across the Olympic Mountains (1967), by Robert L. Wood  (Review by Ivan D. Steen), I 81

Adams of Bremen (d. 1076?), on Atlantic islands, I 38

                -on Icelandic bishops, I 60-61

                -on Vinland, II 32, 33n, 58; IV 53

                -references to Greenland, IV 56, 62

Adams, Will (Pilot, 1575?-1620), residence in Japan, V 50

Adriatic Sea, on portolan charts, IX 41-43

Aduarte, Diego (Dominican, fl. 1598), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 77

Adventure at Astoria, 1810-1814 (1967), by Gabriel Franchère (Review by Phillip B. Gates), I 87

Aerial Photographes in the National Archives (1971), compiled by Charles E. Taylor and Richard E.

Spurr (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96

Aerssens, Francis (Diplomat, fl. 1604), and Dutch-French competition, II 62-63, 74

Africa, Chinese geographical conception of, 15th century, III 40, 42

                -East, Chinese expedition to (1421-c1425), III 37, 40, 42

                -exploration of, by missionaries, I 68-76

                -geographical conceptions of, IV 85

                -Holy Ghost Fathers, as missionaries in, I 74-75

                -mission strategy in, I 74-5 ???

                -North, Portuguese imperialism, XII 8

                                -Spanish imperialism, XII 7-9

                -West, Arab economic interests in, III 45-48

                                -diffusion of iron technology into, IX 89, 91-94, 98; map IX 90

                                -English voyages to, 16th century, IV 111-112

                                -French economic interests in, III 45, 47-49, 55-58

                                -trade with Carthage, IX 93-95, 97-98

                                -travels in, by Isaac Abi-Serour, III 49-55

                                                -by Mordochai Abi-Serour, III 45-58

                                -voyage of Columbus to (1482), I 32

                                -voyages of Diogo Cao to, I 31-32, 34

Africa and Its Explorers: Motives, Methods, and Impact (1970), edited by Robert I. Rotberg

                (Review by Philip W. Porter), X 94-97

Africa since 1800  (1967), Roland Oliver and Anthony Atmore (Review by George J. Montafakis), I 90-91

“After Columbus: Castile in the Caribbean,” by Bruce B. Solnick, IV 119-124

“Agents for Nautical Publications,” by Francis M. Rogers, III 107-110

Agramonte, Juan de, proposed voyage to America (1511), XI 67-69

Akee, grown in Jamaica, I 20

Á  la carte: Selected papers on Maps and Atlas (1972), compiled by Walter W. Ristow

(Review by George Kish), V 69

Alagakhonara (King of Ceylon), defeated by Cheng Ho (1411), III 36

Alaminos, Antonio (navigator, fl. 1499-1520), X 65-67, 70

                -and Francisco de Montejo, X 67

                -and Francisco Fernández de Córdoba, X 65-66

                -and Hernan Cortés, X 66-67

                -and Juan de Grijalva, X66-67

                -and Juan Ponce de Leon, X 65

                -in Gulf of Mexico, X 65-66

Alardin, Kaspar (fl. 1696), on tea, VIII 42

Albagno, Andrea d’ (fl. 1570), and terres australes, IX 65-70

Albagno, Francesco d’ (fl. 1566) and terres australes, IX 64-70

Albemarle, Christopher Monck, Duke of, see Monck, Christopher (Duke of Albemarle)

Albert (Archduke of Spain, fl. 1600), as ruler of Spanish Netherlands, II 65, 67

Albert of Saxony (14th century), on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 32-33

Albinus, Peter (Historian, 1534-1598), and interpretations of America as Atlantis, X 36-37

Albuquerque, Luis de (Historian), on Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), V 52

                -Contribuiçāo das navegoçōes do séc. XVI para o cohecimento do magnetismo terrestre (1970)

                                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

-Duas obras inéditas do Padre Francisco da Costa (Códice NVT/7 do National Maritime

Museum) (1970), (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

                -Processo gráfico usado pelos marinheiros do século XVII na determinaçāo da amplitude ortiva

 de um astro, Um  (1970), (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

Alçáovas, Treaty of (1479), I 31; XII 6,9

Alcazaba, Simon de (f. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Alcedo, Antonio de (Geographer, 1736-1789), Diccionario Geográfico-Histórico de las Indias

Occidentales o América (1796-1789), on El Dorado, VII 28

Alekeev, Fedot, fur-trading expeditions of  (1647), V 9-10, 13

                -probable passage of Bering Strait by (1648), V 10-11, 17-18

Aleutian Islands, explorations of, by Dmitri Bragin, II 87-93

                -Russian fur-hunting in, 18th century, II 87-89, 91-93

Aleut Indians, and Russian American Company, V 28-29, 33-34, 37, 39

Alexander III (Pope, d. 1181), and Prester John, X 15, 18

Alexander VI (Pope, 1431?-1503), on Greenland, IV 54-55

Alfonso IV (King of Portugal, d. 1357), and foreigners in Portugal, I 28-29

Alfonso V (King of Portugal, 1385-1458), and foreigners in Portugal, I 30-31

                -and Portuguese imperialism, XII 9

Alfonso X (King of Leon and Castile, 1226?-1284), and Castilian imperialism, XII 3-4

All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas (1972), by Preston E. James

(Review by G.S. Dunbar), V 68-69

Allen, H. R., Buccaneer Admiral Sir Henry Morgan (1976) (Review by B. R. Burg and Patricia A.

                Adank), XII 101-103

Allen, John Logan, Passage through the Garden: Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American

Northwest (1975) (Review by Ralph E. Ehrenberg), VIII 103-104

Allgemeines Wörterbuch der Marine (1969), by Johann Hinrich Roding (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

                II 119

 Almagro, Diego de (Conquistador, 1475?-1538), and Alfonso Quintero, X 70

                -and Bartolome Ruiz, X 68-69

Almanacs, nautical, III 107-108

Altolaguirre, Angel de (fl. 1914), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 12

Alvares Machado, Francisco (Politician), and Russian expedition in Brazil (1821-1829), III 82, 90

America (see also: North America)

                -discovery of (see also: Pre-Columbian explorations),

                                -maps relating to, VI 77-84

                -geographical confusion of, with Asia, VIII 59-68, 70-71

                -interpreted as Antilia, VIII 61-63

                -interpreted as Atlantis, X 25-27, 34-43

                -interpreted as the Hesperides, X 34, 36

                -investments in, by German families, X 46-59

                -proposed voyage to (1511, by Juan de Agramonte, XI 67-69

                -Spanish imperialism in, and Bartolme de las Casas, XII 1-3, 10-12, 14-16, 18

                                -and definitions of conquest, XII 10-12, 14-18

                                -methods of, X 61-62

                -voyage to (1524), by Giovanni de Verrazzano, XII 59-65; map XI 62

                -Welsh in, English claims of, X 40-42

America B. C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World (1976), by Barry Fell (Review by Warren L. CooK),

IX 106-107

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, activities in Africa by, I 74

American Indians, enslavement of, by the Spanish, IV 123-124

                -In England (1603), II 7-14

                -theories of origin of, 15th and 16th centuries, VIII 69-71

American Revolution, effect of, on Caribbean economy, I 19

American Revolution, 1775-1783: An Atlas of 18th Century Maps and Charts, The (1972),

                by Naval History Division, Department of the Navy (Review by David Woodward), VI 89-90

Anaxagoras (500?-482 B. C.), geographical conceptions of, II 15

“Ancient Vermont” Conference, Castleton State College, October 14-15, 1977[report], X 81-85

Ancient Vermont”: Proceeding of the Castleton Conference, Castleton State College, October 14-15,

1977 (1978), edited by Warren L. Cook (Review by Vincent H Cassidy), XII 95-100

“Ancient Wisdom, the Golden Age, and Atlantis: The New World in Sixteenth-Century Cosmography,”

by Harold J. Cook, X 25-43

Andagoya, Pasual de (d. 1548), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 9

Anderson, Bern, The Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancover: Surveyor of the Sea (1960)

                (Review by George R. Tweney), I 83-85

Anderson, Charles (fl. 1863-1914), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 10-11

Anderson Ramus B. (1846-1936), on Vinland, II 41

Andrews, Kenneth R. (ed.), The Last Voyage of Drake and Hawkins (1972)

(Review by Bruce B. Solnick), V 93

                -The Spanish Caribbean: Trade and Plunder, 1530-1630 (1978) (Review by B. R. Burg and

Patricia A. Adank), XII 101-103

Angelicus, Robertus see Robertus Angelicus

Angulo, Pedro de (Governor of Jamaica), letter on survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 8-9

Ankudinov, Gerasim, fur-trading expedition of (1648), V 10

Anônimo-Antônio Sanches C. 1633 (Atribuiçāo da autoria de um carta náutica original da biblioteca do

Rio de Janeiro) (1970), by Max Justo Guedes (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 134

Antarctic Ocean, Chinese exploration of, III 40

Antilia, interpretation of America as, VIII 61-63

Antilles, see Caribbean

Antiquitates Americanae (1837), by Carl Christian Rafn, influence of, on Vinland scholarship, II 40-41

Antonides van der Goes, Johannes see Goes, Johannes Antonides van der

Antonio, Dom (Prior of Crato, 1531-1594), and English interests in the Caribbean, IX 9-21

                -and Vasconselhos Duarte Pacheco, IX  14-16, 18

                -as Pretender to the Portuguese throne, IX 9-11, 13

Apiaca Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 88-89, 84-95

Arab economic interests in West Africa, III 45-48

Arabia, exploration of, by Carsten Niebuhr, IV 101-102

                -by John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 105

                -by Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 101-102

Aragon, rivalry with Castile, XII 8-9, 11

Arasaratnum, Sinnapah (ed.), Francois Valentijn’s Description of Ceylon (1979) (Review by Michael

                Aung-Thwin), XII 105-107

Arawak Indians, agriculture of, Spanish reaction to, I 12-13

                -extermination of, 16th century, I 13

Arctic Diary of Russell Williams Porter, The (1976), edited by Herman R. Friis (Review by Peter J.

Anderson), X 97-98

Aristotle (384-322 B .C.), cosmography of, IV 21-24, 26-33, 40, 44n, 46-49

                -impact of, on medieval Europe, IV 29-30

                -physical concepts of, Nicolas Copernicus and, IV 21-22, 23n, 35-40, 44n, 46-49

                -theory of wind patterns, III 8-9, 11-13, 15-17, 21, 24, 28, 30

Arngrimur Jónsson see Jónsson, Arngrimur

Arp, Jan van (Playwright, fl. 1630-1640), Chinese influence on, VIII 39

“Arquivo Histórico da Marinha, The,” by Oliver C. Dunn [index], VI 73-76

Art, 20th century, and the sea, XI 14-15

Ashby, Charlotte M. and Laura E. Kelsay (comps.), Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of

Wisconsin, 1838-1848 (1970) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 95

Asia, Columbus’s conceptions of, VIII 59-64

                -geographical confusion of, with America, VIII 59-68, 70-71

                -on Vinland Map, IV 79-84, 90

                -South, Chinese exploration of, III 33-44

Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume 2: A Century of Wonder, Books 2 and 3 (1977), by Donald F. Lach

                (Review by Charles Trinkaus), XII 129-131

“Asia-in-the-West,” by J.H. Parry, with comment by Charles Gibson, VIII 59-72

Atahualpa (Inca, 1500?-1533), VII 24

Ataide, Luis de (fl. 1573), as viceroy of Goa, VIII 76

Atarazanas, etymology of, VII 65-66

Athappilly, Andrew, “An Indian Prototype for Prester John,” X 15-23

Atlantic Islanders of the Azores and Madeiras (1979), by Francis M. Rogers (Review by C. R. Boxer),

XII 108-109

Atlantic Islands: Madeira, the Azores, and the Cape Verdes in Seventeenth-Century Commerce and

Navigation (1972), by T. Bentley Duncan (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), V 84-85

Atlantic Ocean, North, Norse exploration of, IX 83

                -volcanic activity in, IX 84-85, 87

Atlantic Pilot, The (facsimile of 1722 edition), by William G. De Brahm (Review by Thomas R. De

Gregori), VII 88-89

Atlantis, as basis of English claims in America, X 38-41

                -description of, X 27-29

                -Francis Bacon on, X 25-26, 42

                -Francisco López de Gómara on, X 25-26, 34

                -idea of, 16th century, X 25, 27, 29-30, 34-43

                -interpretation of America as, X 25-27, 34-43

                -Plato on, X 27-28, 35

Atlas (begun 1585) of Gerhardus Mercator and Jodocus Hondius, IX 62, 70-73

Atlas of early American history, projected, III 111

Atlas of Fantasy, An (1973), compiled by J. B. Post (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), VI 94-95

Atlases Published in the Netherlands in the Rare Atlas Collection (1973), edited and compiled by Lou

Seboek (Review by John A Wolter), VIII 98

Atmore, Anthony and Roland Oliver, Africa since 1800 (1967) (Review by George J. Moutafakis), I 90-91

Aubespine, Charles de l’ (Abbé de Preaux) see Preaux, Charles de l’Aubespine, Abbé de

Australia Unveiled: The Share of the Dutch Navigators in the Discovery of Australia (1976), by Gunter Schilder (Review by Richard Boulind), X 89-92

Avalon, as Atlantic island, X 9

Avity, Pierre d’ (fl. 1614), on Japan, V 57

Axelson, Eric, Portugal and the Scramble for Africa 1875-1891 (1967) (Review by E. Bradford Burrs),

I 89-90

Azores, Ferdinand van Olm and, I 32

                -Flemmish settlement of, I 31

                -interpreted as Isles of the Blessed, IX 75-76, 79

                -Martin Behaim, I 32

                -Portuguese discovery of, I 30-31

 

 

Babcock, William Henry (1849-1922), on Vinland, II 53

Baccalaos, Esteban Gómez’s voyage to, I 25-28

Bacon, Francis (1561-1626), on Atlantis, X 25-26, 42

                -theory of wind patterns, III 14-20, 22, 25, 27, 30

Baffin, William (Navigator, 1584-1622), expedition of (1616), and search for Northwest Passage, IV 92

Bagrow, Leo, History of Russian Cartography up to 1800, A (1975) (Review), VII 93; (Review by John A.

Wolter), IX 113-114

-History of Russian Cartography up to 1600, A (1975) (Review), VII 93; (Review by John A.

Wolter), IX 113-114

Baird, Spencer Fullerton (Zoologist, 1823-1887), and United States and Texas Boundary Commission,

VI 40, 42n, 48

Baker, James H (Surveyor, fl. 1886), on source of Mississippi River, VII 57

Balboa, Vasco Núñez de (1475-1519), and Bartolomé Ruiz, X 67

                -expedition of (1513), list of members of, VI 17

“Balboa Historiography,” by Martin Torodash, VI 7-17

Banana, grown in Jamaica, I 18

Bandarra, Gonçalo Ane (Prophet, fl. 1540), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 79-80

Banks, Sir Joseph (Naturalist, 1743-1820), and John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 103

-and introduction of food plants to Jamaica, I 20

                -in Brazil, III 69-70

Baranov, Alexander (Governor of Russian America, 1746-1819), and Russian imperialism in North

America, V 27-28, 31, 33-34, 40

                -on Russian ship construction, II 89-90

Barcelos, Alfonso de (fl. 1531), V 61-62

Barcelos, Diego de (d. 1533?), voyage of, to Nova Scotia, V 61-64

Barcelos, Manoel de (fl. 1568), voyage of, to Nova Scotia, V 61-64

Barcelos, Pedro de (d. 1507),  North Atlantic voyage of, V 61

Barents, William (Navigator, d. 1597), and the search for Northeast Passage, II 70

                -Mediterranean rutter of, XII 55-56

Barman, Roderick J., “The Forgotten Journey: Georg Heinrish Langsdorff and the Russian Imperial

Scientific Expedition to Brazil, 1821-1829,” III 67-97

Barros, Joāo de (Historian, 1496?-1570), on Portuguese imperialism, I 24; VIII 74-75, 78

Barth, Heinrich, visit to Timbuktu (1853), III 47-48, 57

Bartlett, John Russell (1805-1886), and United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, VI 40

Bastidas, Rodrigo de (1460-1535?), and Juan de la Cosa, X 64

Basto, Pedro de (Prophet, d. 1645), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 80-81

Battuta, Ibn-, Travels of Ibn Battuta, The, Volume III (1972) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky), IV 139-140

Bayazit II (Ottoman Sultan, 1446-1513), and Turkish imperialism, VI 31

Beaglehole, J. C., Exploration of the Pacific, The (1966) (Review by R. A. Rauschenberg), II 115-116

Beall, Charles P., “Frisland: Myth or Realty?” IX 81-88

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774-1857), and oceanography, XI 8-9

Beaumier, Auguste (Diplomat, fl. 1870), and Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour, III 45n, 49-50, 54, 56-58

Beauvois, Eugène (fl. 1889), on Zeno map, II 77

Bechamel, François (Jesuit), and search for Lake Parima (1674), VII 26

Becker, Marvin, Comment on “The Role of the Italian Merchant Class in Renaissance and Discoveries,”

by Thomas Goldstein, VIII 28

Becknell, William (Trader), visit to Santa Fe (1821), VII 39

Bederman, Sanford H., A Bibliographic Aid to the Study of the Geography  of Africa: A Selected Listing

of Recent Literature Published in the English Language (1970) (Review by Roger E. Ritzmann),

III 133

-and Jack I. Biles, “The Sojourn of Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour in Timbuctoo and French Trans-Saharan Interests,” III 45-58

Behaim, Martin (Cosmographer, 1459?-1507?), X 45-47, 58

-in the Azores, I 32

Belalcázar, Sebastián de (fl. 1530), and Juan Fernandez, X 69

                -and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Belize, establishment of Planter society in, XII 83-84

                -evolution of, into Britsih colony, XII 65, 80-84

Belov, Mikhail I., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez (1648), V 11-13, 15, 18, 20-24

Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua, “Pioneer Scientific Exploration in the Holy Land at the Beginning of the

nineteenth century,” Iv 95-110

Benbow, William (Pirate, fl.17th century), and logwood trade, XII 65, 74

Bennett, Charles E., (trans.), Three Voyages: René Lausonnière (1975) (Review by William S. Coker), X

105-106

Benton, Thomas Hart (U.S. Senator, 1782-1858), and Santa Fe, VII 39

Benzoni, Girolamo (1519-1570?), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 9

Berceo, Gonzalo de see also Gonzalo de Barceo

Berg, Lev S. (1876-1950), on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 18-22

Bergeron, Pierre (d. 1637), as edito of travel literature, VII 31-38

                -biographical data on, VII 32-33

Bering, Vitus (Navigator, 1680-1741), first Kamchatka expedition of (1725-1730), V 25

                -on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V23

Bering Strait, passage of (1648), by Semen I. Dezhnev, V 7, 9, 11, 16-26

                -by Fedot Alekseev, V10-11, 17-18

Bering’s Voyages: Whither and Why (1978), by Raymond H. Fisher (Review by Henry Castner), XI 111-

                112

Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr., The White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the

Present (1978) (Review by Harold J. Cook), XI 83-88

Bernaldez, Andres (D. 1513?), and Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 62

Bernagie, Peter (Playwright, fl. 1686), on tea, VIII 38-39

Berrio, Antono de (fl. 1590), and search for Manoa, VII 24-25

Berry, Francis (ed.) I Tell of Greenland: An Edited Translation of the Saudharkrokur Manuscripts (1977)

                (Review  by James R. Enterline), XI 89-91

Best, George, and Martin Frobisher expedition (1576), IV 114

Béthencourt, Jean de (Navigator, d. 1425), expedition of, to Canary Islands (1402), VII 33-35

Béthune, Maximilien de (Duke of Sully, 1560-1641), and Dutch-French economic competition, II 74

Betts, Raymond F., The False Dawn: European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century (1975)

                (Review by Milton Israel), X 117-118

Beyond the Capes: Pacific Exploration from Captain Cook to the “Challenger,” 1876-1777 (1971), by

Ernest S. Dodge (Review by Mary Emily Miller), IV 137-138

Bhutan: A Physical and Cultural Geography (1967), by Pradyumna P. Karan (Review b G. S. Dunbar),

I 91-92

Bianco, Andrea (Captain, fl. 1436), mappa-mundi of (1436), compared to Vinland Map, IV 74-75, 79, 83,

89-90

Biblical interpretation of Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 69-70

Biblical prophecy, and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 79-82

Bibliografía general de los descubrimirntos australes (1975), by Carlos Sanz (Review), VII 92

Bibliographic Aid to the Study of the Geography of Africa: A Selected Listing of Recent Literature

Published in the English Language, A (1970), by Sanford Bederman (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 133

Bibliography, of discovery literature, XI 71-82; XII 85-94

Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, 1775-1795, A (1975), by Kenneth

Nebenzahl (Review by John A. Wolter), VIII 102-103

Biblioteca maritime española: Obra póstuma (1968, reprint of 1851 edition), by Martin Fernández de

Navarrete (Review by Ursula Lamb), XI 103-105

Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the John Carter John Library in Brown University: Books Printed

1471-1700 (1973) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

Biet, Antonie (Priest, fl. 1664), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 43, 49, 55, 57

Bigges, Walter, A Summarie and True Discourse of Sir Francis Drake’s West Indian Voyage (1589),

publishing history of, X 71, 71n, 72, 77, 80

Biggs, Henry (fl. 1616), and search for Northwest Passage, VII 15

Biles, Jack I., and Sanford H. Bederman, “The Sojourn of Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour in Timbuctoo and

French Trans-Saharan Interests,” III 49-58

Bishop, Charles, The Journal and Letters of Captain Charles Bishop on the North-West Coast of America,

in the Pacific, and in New South Wales, 1794-1799 (1967) (Review by George H. Tweney),

II 114-115

“Bishop Geraldini’s Itinerarium of 1522,” by Martin D. Snyder, XII 21-35

Bjarni Herjólfsson (fl. 986), and pre-Columbian exploration, II 29, 39, 43, 51

                -and Vinland, I 58, 64

                -voyage of (985), and Vinland Map, IV 77-78,89

Black, Jeannette D. (ed.), The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume I: The Maps (1970) (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 127-128

                -The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume II: Commentary (1975) (Review by J. B. Post), VIII 99

Black, Joseph (1728-1799), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 21

Black Legend, IV 123-124

                -historical literature on, IV 123n

                -Pierre Bergeron on, VII 35

Black Separatism and the Caribbean, 1860 (1970), by James Theodore Holly and J. Dennis Harris

                (Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Blaeu, Jan (Cartographer, d. 1673), maps of (1640-1647), Manoa on, VII 26

Blankaart, Stephen (Physician, fl. 1683), on medicinal properties of tea, VIII 36-37

Blathwayt, William The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume I: The Maps (1970), edited by Jeannette D. Black

(Review by Roger E. Ritzmann), III 127-128

                -The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume II: Commentary (1975), by Jeannette D. Black (Review J. B. Post),

VIII 99

Bligh, William (1754-1817), and introduction of breadfruit to Jamaica, I 20-21

Blom, Richard, A Geographical Description of the Four Parts of the World (1700), on Lake Parima, VII

                26

Blouet, Brian W. and Merlin P. Lawson (eds.), Images of the Plains: The Role of Human Nature in

Settlement (1975) (Review John Parker), IX 99-101

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich (1752-1840), as teacher of Georg Heinrich Langsdorff,

III 71

Boazio, Baptista (Cartographer, fl.1600), X 71-72, 77, 80

                -and Christopher Carleill, X 72, 77

                -and Francis Drake, X 71-72

                -historical literature, X 71n

                -maps, accuracy of, X 77-9

“The Boazio Maps of 1585-86,” by Mary Frear Keeler, X 71-80

Bodin, Jean (1530-1596), and voyage of discovery, VIII 55

Bohun, Ralph (d. 1716), theory of wind patterns, III 28-29

Boland, Charles M., on Bishop Erik Gnupsson, IV 79

Bolinas Bay (California), as site of Francis Drake’s landing (1579), IX 55

Bolton, Herbert E. (1870-1953), and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-52, 58

Bonoeil, John (fl. 1622), and search for Northwest Passage, VII15

Bontekoe, Cornelius (Physician, fl. 1686), on medicinal properties of tea, VIII 36-38

Bontekoe, Willem Y. (fl. 1646), Voyage (1646), VIII 32

Books to Build an Empire: A Bibliographical History of English Overseas Interests to 1620 (1965),

                by John Parker (Review by Dewitt C. Ellinwood, Jr.), I 93-94

Bororo Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 86

Bosch, Lambertus van den (fl. 1672), travel literature of, VIII 40

Botero, Giovanni (1540-1617), on Japan, V 56

Boucher, Philip P., “A Colonial Company at the Time of the Fronde: The Compagnie de la Terre ferme de

l’Amerique ouFrance equinoxiale,” XI 43-58

Bougainville, Louis Antonine de, News from New Ceylon: A Report of Bougainville’s Voyage, 1766-1769

(1970) (Review by Helen Wallis), IV 135-136

Bougainville et ses compagons de voyage autour du monde, 1766-1769 (1978), edited by Etienne

Tailemite (Review by Robert Vignery), XI 109

Borne, Rigoberto (Cartographer), Atlas Encyclopedique (1785), Lake Parimo in, VII 28

Bovill, E. V. (ed.), Missions to the Niger, II, III, IV. The Bornu Mission, 1822-25, Parts 1, II, III (1966)

                (Review by Alexander Melamid), I 88-89

Boxer, Charles R., The Church Militant and Iberian Expansion, 1440-1770 (1978) (Review by Thomas H.

Flory), XI 98-100

-“Faith and Empire: The Cross and the Crown in Portuguese Expansion, Fifteenth-Eighteenth

Centuries,” with comment by Ursula Lamb and John Parry, VIII 73-89

                -Four Centuries of Portuguese Expansion, 1415-1825: A Succinct Survey  (1969) (Review by

                                Bruce B. Solnick), III 115-116

                -(ed.), Further Selections from the Tragic History of the Sea, 1559-1565 … (Review by Bruce B.

                                Solnick), I 94

                -Mary and Misogyny: Women in Iberian Expansion Overseas, 1415-1815: Some Facts, Fancies,

and Personalities  (1975) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 90

                -“The Sailing-Orders for Portuguese East-Indiamen of 1640 and 1646,” XII 37-48

Boyer, Paul (fl. 1654), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 53-54, 57

Bragin, Dimitri and Peter Simon Pallas, II 87-88

                -exploration of Aleutian Islands by (1772-1777), II 87-93; maps II 88, 90

Brahm, William Gerard de see De Brahm, William Gerard

Brasil-Costa norte: Cartografia Portguêsa vetustíssima (1968), My Max Justo Guedes (Review by Bruce

B.      Solnick), III 134

Brazil, attempted Dutch colony in, III 68

                -diamond mining in, 19th century, III 77-78,86-87

                -European ignorance of, 19th century, III, 67

                -Portuguese censorship regarding, III 68-69

                -Portuguese discovery of, I 33

                -Portuguese government-in-exile in (1807-1821), III 70

                -Russian expedition to (1821-1829), III 75-96; map 80

Brazil (imaginary island), appearance on maps, IV 57-59

                -English search for, VIII 91-93

                -John Cabot and, IV 59

                -on Vinland Map, IV 77

Breadfruit, introduction to Jamaica by William Bligh, I 20-21

Brendan (Saint, 484-577), and Islands of the Blessed, I 36-39

                -and pre-Columbian exploration, II 29

Brendan Voyage, The (1978), by Tim Severin (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), XI 91-92

Breton fishermen, on the Carolina coast, XI 69-70

Briceno, Ernesto Hernandez (fl. 1929-1945), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 13

Bridia, C. de (Franciscan, fl. 1240), and Carpini mission (1245?), I 65-66; IV 83-84

Bristol (England), Atlantic voyages originating from, 15th century, VIII 91-92

Britain and the Conquest of Africa: The Age of Salisbury (1974), by Godfrey N. Uzoigwe

                (Review by Philip W. Porter), X 94-97

British Association for Promoting the Discovery of Interior Africa, IV 103

British empire see imperialism, English

British Maps of the American Revolution (1972), by Peter J. Guthorn (Review by Christopher M. Klein),

                V 76-78

Brixiano, Organtino (Priest), letter of, on Japan (1594), V 48-49

Broc, Numa, La géographie des philosopher: Geographes et voyageurs français au XVIIIe siecle (1975)

                (Review by George Kish), XI 110-111

Brochada, José I. F. da Costa see Costa Brochada, José Idalino Ferreira da

Brower, J.V. (fl. 1890), and source of the Mississippi River, VII 58-60

Brown, Joseph C. (fl. 1825), and survey of Santa Fe Trail, VII 40, 42, 44, 46-49

Brown, Lloyd A., Notes on the Care and Cataloguing of Old Maps (1970), reprint of 1941 edition)

                (Review by Christopher M. Klein), V 76-78

Brown University (Providence), John Carter Brown Library, Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the

John Carter Brown Library in Brown University: Books Printed 1675-1700 (1973) (Review by

Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

-Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the John Carter Brown Library in Brown University:

Short-Title of Additions: Books printed 1471-1700 (1973) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

VI 90-91

                -The John Carter Brown Library Annual Reports, 1901-1966, with Index (1972) (Review by John

Parker), V 71-72

                -Rare Americana: A Selection of One Hundred and One Books, Maps, and Prints Not in the

John Carter Brown Library (1974) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

Browne, Patrick, Civil and Natural History of Jamaica (1756), I 15

Brule’s Discoveries and Explorations (1974, reprint of 1898 edition), by Consul W. Butterfield (Review

by Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 110-112

Brunetti, Cosimo, Three Relations of the West Indies in 1659-1660 (1969) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

II 120

Bry, Theodore de (Cartographer, 1528-1598), map of Guiana (1595), Manoa on, VII 25-26

Buccaneer Admiral Sire Henry Morgan (1976), by H. R. Allen (review by B. R. Burg and Patricia A.

Adank), XII 101-103

Buccaneer King: The Biography of Sir Henry Morgan, 1652-1688 (1978), by Dudley Pope (Review by

B. R. Burg and Patricia Adank), XII 101-103

Buccaneers see Pirates, Privateering

Buckingham, James Silk (1786-1855), travels in Palestine and Arabia, IV 108

Buddhism, in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 45, 51, 56

Bugge, Thomas (Geographer, 1740-1815), on Vinland, II 37

Burckhardt, John Lewis (Explorer, d. 1817), adoption of Arab costume and religion by, IV 107-108

                -and British Association for Promoting the Discovery of Interior Africa, IV 103

                -and Sir Joseph Banks, IV 103

                -comparsion of achievements with Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 106-110

                -death of, IV 105

                -Edward Robinson on, IV 105

                -exploration of, in Arabia, IV 105

                                -in Egypt, IV 103-106

                                in Palestine, IV 95, 98, 100, 103-110; maps IV 96-97

Buridam, Jean (d. after 1358), geographical concepts of, IV 32, 39

                -on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 32, 35n

Burland, Cottie A., The Travels of Marco Polo (1970) (Review by Vsevolod Slessarev), III 114-115

Burstyn, Harold L., “Theories of Winds and Ocean Currents from the Discoveries to the End of the

Seventeenth Century,” III 7-31

Butterfield, Consul W., Brule’s Discoveries and Explorations (1974, reprint of 1898 edition) (Review by

Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 110-112

Buxton, Sir Thomas (1786-1845), and African mission work, I 71-72

Buzanval, Paul Choat de (Diplomat, d. 1607), and Dutch-French competition, II 62-63, 67

 

 

Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez (1490?-1557?), on Brazil, III 67

Cabot, John (Navigator, 1450-1498), and Atlantic cod fishing, VIII 92-93

                -and Brazil (imaginary island), IV 59

                -discoveries of, as basis of England’s territorial claims, VII 11-12, 19-22

                -theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 7, 11, 14

Cabot, Sebastian (Navigator, 1476?-1557), X 50-51

                -and Atlantic cod fishing, VIII 93-94

                -and “line of demarcation,” VI 53

                -and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

                -as Pilot Major of Spain, I 41-57

                -lawsuit against Alonzo de Chaves, I 40-57

                -theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 10

Cabral, Pedro Álvares (Navigator, 1460-1526?), and Indian Ocean expedition, VIII 74-75

Cabral, Fifth Centenary of the Birth of Pedro Alvares, list of papers presented in honor of, IV 127-128

Cadamosto, Alvise da (1432?-1511?), voyages of, VIII 12, 15

Caillié, Réné, visit to Timbukto by (1828), III 47-48, 57

Calderia, William, and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-56, 58

                -criticism of testimony, IX 51-55

Calicut (India), Chinese expedition to (1407), III 36

California Historical Society, and Sir Francis Drake;s plate of brass, IX 49-51, 53-54

Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript Maps (1976), Douglas W. Marshall and

Howard H. Peckham (Review by Christopher M. Klein), IX 103-104

Campbell, Eila M. J., “Discovery and the Technical Setting, 1420-1520,” VIII 11-17

Campbell, Hugh (fl. 1860), as member of United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 46

Campbell, Robert and M. R. Delany, Search for a Place: Black Separatism and Africa, 1860 (1969)

                (Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Campeche, Bay of (Mexico), and logwood trade, XII 70, 72-74, 76-82

                -pirate settlement on, XII 65, 72-74, 76-82

                -map (1729), XII 75

Canary Islands, expedition to (1402), by Jean de Béthencourt, VII 34-35

                -interpreted as Isles of the Blessed, IX 75, 77-80

                -Spanish conquest of, XII 5-7, 9

Cāo, Diogo (Navigator, fl. 1480-1486), west African voyages of, I 31-31, 34

Cape St. Augustin (Brazil), topography of, VI 53-54

Cape Verde Islands, Portuguese discovery  of (1455?), I 31

Cappon, Lester J., and projected atlas of early American history, III 111

Captain James Cook—After Two Hundred Years: A Commemorative Address Delivered before the 

Hakluyt Society (1969), by R. A. Skelton (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), II 119

Caravel (see also: ships), 15th century, VIII 12-13

Carew, George (1555-1629), and search for Northeast Passage, II 73

Caribbean (see also: names of islands), cannibalism in, Alessandro Geraldini on, XII 33-34

                -conquest of, by Spain, IV 119-124

                -economy of, effect of American Revolution on, I 19

                -English voyages to (1499-1519), IV 122

                -exploration of, investments in by Guerra family, IV 120-121

                                -lack of historical research on, IV 119

                -minor voyages to (1496-1500), IV 120-124

                                -Martín Fernández de Navarrete on, IV 120

                -pirates in, and English colonial policy, XII 65-66, 68-69, 72-74, 77-78, 80, 82-83

                -privateering in, proscription of (1667), XII 68

                -slavery in, IV 122-124

                -Spanish exploration of, Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), IV 122

                -voyage of Alonso de Ojeda to (1499), IV 121-122

                -voyage of Diego de Lepe to, IV 120

                -voyage of Sir Francis Drake to (1586-1586), X 71-72, 77; maps 73-76

                -voyage of Vicente Yáñez Pizón to (1499), IV 120

                -voyages of Christopher Columbus to, IV 119-120, 122-123

Carignano, Giovanni da (Cartographer, fl. 1310), portolan chart of, IX 26, 31-32

Carleill, Christopher (fl. 1585), and Baptista Boazio, X 72, 77

Carolina, coast of, visited by Breton fishermen, XI 69-70

Caron, Francois, A True Description of the Mighty Kingdom of Japan and Siam (1636) (Review), V 54-55

Carpenter, Nathanael (fl. 1625), theory of ocean currents, III 17, 22, 25, 28, 30

Carpini, Giovanni de Piano (Franciscan, 1200?-1252?), and search for Prester John, X 16

                -C. de Bridia and, IV 83-84

                -Tartar Relation (1245?), association of, with Vinland Map, IV 73, 79-80, 83-84, 89-90

                -Marian Plezia on, I 65-66

                -relation of, to Vinland Map, I 59, 65-66

Carreira da Ìndia (Portuguese trade voyages), and Padron Real, VI 58-60

Cartagena (Columbia), Baptista Boazio’s map of, X 78-80

                -geography of, X 78-79

Carthage (see also: Phoenician), as origins of Nok iron technology

                                -across the Sahara, IX 91-94

                                -by maritime route, IX 91, 94-98

                -trade with West Africa, IX 93-98

Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of Iowa, 1838-1846 (1971), compiled by Laura E. Kelsay

and Frederick W. Pernall (review by John W. Wolter), V 96-97

Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of Wisconsin, 1838-1848 (1970), compiled by Laura E.

Kelsay and Charlotte M. Ashby (review by John A. Wolter), V 95

Carver, Jonathan, The Journals of Jonathan Carver and Related Documents, 1766-1770 (1976)

(Review by Warren L. Cook), IX 104-106

Cary, Mathew (Cartographer), General Atlas (1796), Lake Parima in, VII 28

Casa de Contratación (Spain), and Padrón Real, VI 57-60, 62

                -and Spanish exploration, I 40-57

Casa de la Especiería (Spain), and voyages to North America, II 25, 27-28

Cassava, grown in Jamaica, I 12, 15-16

Cassidy, Vincent H., “New Worlds and Everyman: Some Thoughts on the Logic and Logistics of

Pre-Columbian Discovery,” X 7-13

                -“Publication in the Aftermath of ‘Ancient Vermont,” XII 95-100

                -The Sea Around Them: The Atlantic Ocean, A.D. 1250 (1968) (Review by David L. Hicks),

 II 94-95

Cassini family (18th century), and geographical measurement, II 16-18, 22-23

Castanheda, Fernāo Lopes de (Historian, fl. 1528-1559), on Portuguese exploration, I 24

Castile, rivalry with Aragon, XII 8-9, 11

                -rivalry with Portugal, XII 8-9

Castleton Conference see “Ancient Vermont” Conference

Castro, Joāo de, Obras comletas de D. Joāo de Castro: Ediçāo critica, Volume 1 (1968) (Review by

                P. P. Witonski), II 104-107

Castro, Matheus de (Bishop of Chrysopolis, c1594-1677), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 87

Caulin, Antonio (Historian, b. 1719), on El Dorado, VII 28

Cavazzi, Giovanni Antonio (Capuchin missionary, d. 1692?), in Angola, I 70

Cavendish, Thomas (1555?-1592), and opening of Pacific trade routes, IV 113-114

Cayapo Indians (Brazil), and Russian expeditions of 1821-1829, III 84

Cecil, Sir Robert (Earl of Salisbury, 1563?-1612), and American Indians in England (1603), II 7-9, 11

Celestina, La (15th century), by Fernando de Rojas, XII 5, 17

Celsii, Olavi (fl. 1725), on Vinland, II 36

Celsius, Anders (1701-1744), on Lapland expedition, II 19

Celtic mythology, imaginary islands in, IV 58-59

Center for the History of Cartography, Newberry Library, establishment of, III 111-112

Centurion, Manuel (Governor of Angostura), map of Guiana (1770), Lake Parima on, VII 28

Cerne (Senegal), as Phoenician trading post, IX 95-96

Cerralvo, Marquis (Viceroy of Mexico), and Manila galleon (1635-1636), IV 7,9

Cespedes, Andrés Garcia de see Garcia de Cespedes, Andrés

Ceylon, Chinese expedition to (1408-1411), III 36

Champlain, Samuel de (1567?-1635), on Sable Island, V 63

Champlain, Society, The (Toronto), comparative description og, VI 67-68

“Changing Concepts of the Sea, 1550-1950,” by Josef Konvitz, XI 1-17

Charles V (Emperor), and German investments in the New World, X 51-52, 55, 58-59

                -and spice trade, II 25

                -warfare with Ottoman Empire, VI 27-29

Charles IX (King of France, 1550-1574), and French imperialism, IX 64-65, 68-69

“Chart trade in Europe from Its Origins to Modern Times, The,” by C. Koeman, XII 49-64

Charter, New England (1620), territorial claims of, VII 13-18

Charter, Second Virginia (1609), territorial claims of, VII 13-18

Chartmaking, in England, 17th century, XII 59

                -in France, 17th century, XII 59

                -in Portugal, XII 56

                -pilots and growth of, XII 54

Charts, nautical  (see also: Maps; Rutters), availability of, 18th and 19th centuries, XII 63-64

                -dealers in, III 107-110

                -double-latitude scale on, I 45-46, 52-53

                -pictorial embellishment of, XII 51, 61,-62

                -portolan, IX 23-48

                                -Adriatic Sea portrayed on, IX 41-43

                                -Danube River delta portrayed on, IX 29-32

                                -dating methods for, IX 24-27, 29, 31-33, 36-37, 41, 43-45

                                -decorative use of, XII 50

                                -mileage scales on, IX 32-33, 36-39

                                -orthography of, IX 42-43

                                -Pieter Plancius and compilation of, XII 59

                                -printed on vellum, XII 53-54

                                -Rhone River delta portrayed on, IX 28-29

                                -Skerki Bank portrayed on, IX 26-27, 29

                                -Syrtes Gulf portrayed on, IX 33-36

                                -units of measure on, IX 46-48

                                -Venice portrayed on, IX 39-41

                                -14th century, at Library of Congress, IX 23-46

                                -origin of, IX 39-41, 45-46

                -trade in, and spread of geographical knowledge, XII 54

                                -compared to map trade, XII 64

                                -English, XII 60-61

                                -history of, XII 49-54, 56, 59-64

                                -Netherlands, XII 51-54, 59-62

                                -Northern European, XII 51

Châtelain, Henri (Cartographer), map of 1717, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Chavante Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 84

Chaves, Alonso de (Cartographer, fl. 1543), as Cosmographer Major of Spain, I 41-57

                -lawsuit against, by Sebastian Cabot, I 40-57

Chaves, Hieronymo de (cartographer, b. 1524), I 52

                -and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

Cheng Ho (fl. 1405-1424), defeat of Alagakhonara by (1411), III 36

                -exploration of, III 33, 36-37, 40-42; maps 34-35, 38-39, 41

Ch’eng-tsu (Emperor of China, fl. 1403-1424), exploration under, III 33, 36-37, 42

Ch’en Tsu-I (Chinese Pirate, fl. 1400), defeat of, III 36, 40

Chesapeake Bay, as a site of Vinland, II 44

                -visits to, by Samuel Mace and Bartholomew Gilbert (1602-1606), II 10-12

Chiapelli, Fredi (ed.), First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on theOld (1976)

                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IX 109-110; (Review by George Kish), X 98-99

Chickering, Allen L., and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-50, 56, 58

Chidley, John, voyage to South Atlantic (1589), IV 113-114

China, Islam in, 15th century, III 36, 42

                -relations with Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 47-49

Chinese exploration, of East Africa, III 33-44

                -of Indian Ocean, III 33-44

                -of South Asia, III 33-44

                -maps III 34-35, 38-39, 41, 43

Chinese influence, on Dutch technology, 16th and 17th centuries, VIII 29-30

Christian IV (King of Denmark, 1577-1648), Danish imperialism under, IV 88

                -Greenland expeditions under, IV 87-88

Christian militancy, and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 73-88

Christian Society (Basel), missionary activities in Africa, I 74

Church Militant and Iberian Expansion, 1440-1770, The (1978), by Charles R. Boxer (Review by

                Thomas H. Flory), XI 98-100

Church Missionary Society for Africa and the East, missionary activities in Africa, I 74

Ciento noventa mapas antiguos del mundo de los siglos I al XVIII, que forman parte del processo

                Cartográfico universal (1970), by Carlos Sanz (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 136

Civil and Natural History of Jamaica (1756), by Patrick Browne, I 15

Clairaut, Alexis Claude (Mathematician, 1713-1765), on Lapland expedition, II 18-19

Clark, John H., (d. 1882), and survey of southern boundary of Kansas, VI 42

                -and United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 39-40, 42-42, 45-46, 48, 50

                -biographical data on, VI 40n

                -relations with J. M. Edmonds, VI 46

Clark, Thomas Blake, Omai: First Polynesian Ambassador to England (1969) (Review by

                Roy A. Rauschenberg), III 118-119

Clark, W. P. (fl. 1860), as member of United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 46

Clarke, Hopewell (Surveyor, fl. 1886), and source of Mississippi River, VII 56

Claudius Clavus (Cartographer), map of 1424, Greenland on, IV 56-57

Cochin (India), X 20-22

Cocks, Richard (fl. 1613-1622), residence in Japan, V 50-51, 53

Coconut, grown in Jamaica, I 18-19

Cod-fishing, Atlantic, and John Cabot, VIII 92-92

                -as factor in English exploration, VIII 91-94, 97

Coligny, Gaspard de (Admiral, 1519-1572), and voyages of discovery, IX 65-66

Collins, Henry  (b. 1899), on Vinland, II 57-58

Colocasia, grown in Jamaica, I 17

“Colonial Company at the Time of the Fronde: The Compagnie de la Terre ferme de l’Amérique ou

France équinoxiale, A,” by Philip P. Boucher, XI 43-58

Colonialism, see: imperialism

Colepresse, Samuel (fl. 1667), theory of wind patterns, III 29

Columbus, Christopher, (1451-1506), Alessandro Geraldini on, XII 21, 31-32

                -and Juan de la Cosa, X 62-63

                -and Juan Rodíguez de Fonseca, IV 120, 122, 124

                -and new Golden Age, X 32-33

                -discoveries of, Biblical interpretations of, VIII 69-70

                                -interpreted as Paradise, VIII 63-64

                                -Portuguese interpretation of, VIII 61, 64-65

                                -Spanish interpretation of, VIII 61-63

                -geographical conception of, VIII 59-64

                                influence of contemporary maps on, VI 77, 79-83

                -inability to govern, IV 122

                -legal rights of discovery and, IV 120-121, 124

                -theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 7

                -voyages to the Caribbean, IV 119-120, 122-123

                -West African voyage of (1482), I 32

Columbus, Christopher, The Journal of Christopher Columbus (1968), edited by L. A. Vigneras

                (Review by John Parker), II 101-102

Columbus, Diego (1480?-1526), theory of ocean currents, III 10-11

Columbus, Ferdinand (1488-1539), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Coming of the Book: The Imapct of Printing, 1450-1800, The (1979), by Lucien Febvre and

Henty-Jean Martin (Review by David B. Quinn), XII 115-120

Commonwealth of Nations: Origins and Impact, 1869-1971, The (1977), by W. David McIntyre

                (Review by Russell S. Linnemann), X 114-116

Compagnie de la Terre ferme, expedition of (1652), XI 48-50

                -financial failure of, XI 54-58

                -formation of, XI 43-48

                -historical literature on, XI 43-44, 55, 57

                -operations of, XI 45, 47-50, 52, 54, 56-57

                -promotion of, XI 48-57

Compagnie du Cap du Nord, XI 46, 50, 53-54

Compagnie Francaise des Indes see East India Company, French

Compass, and problem of magnetic declination, 16th century, I 45-46

Condamine, Charles-Marie de la see La Condamine, Charles-Marie de

“Confronting Cultures: The effect of the Discoveries on Sixteenth-Century French Thought,” by Amy Glassner Gordon, with comment by Thomas Tentler, VIII 45-57

Congo River, European theories about, 19th century, I 68

Conquest (see also:Imperialism), as legal defense of imperialism, VII 7-11

                -definition of, XII 1-9, 13-19

                                -and Bartolome de las Casas, XII 1-3, 7, 10-16, 18-19

                                -and Gonzalo de Berceo, XII 3

                                -and Spanish imperialism in America, XII 10-12, 14-18

“Conquest and So-called Conquest in Spain and Spanish America,” by Charles Gibson, XII 1-19

Conquista (see also: names of industrial participants and Imperialism, Spanish), usage of,

XII 2-3, 6-7, 11-17

Conquistador, usage of, XII 17

Conquista espiritual, usage of, XII 17

Consejo de Indias (Spain), and German investments in the New World, X 55-56, 58

                -and survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 8, 10

                -operations of, I 41-57; VI 57-60

Continent, southern see terres australes

Contribuiçāo das navegaçōes de séc. XVI para o conhecimento do magnetismo terrestre (1970)

                By Luis de Albuquerque (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

“Contributors, Recommendations for,” X 87-88

Cook, Harold J., “Ancient Wisdom, the Golden Age, and Atlantis: The New World in Sixteenth-Century

Cosmography,” X 25-43

Cook, James (Captain, 1728-1779), and cultural attitudes toward the sea, XI 6

Cook, James, The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery, Vol. I: The Voyage of

                The “Endeavor,” 1768-1771 (1968) (Review by Laurence S. Fallis), II 117

                -The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery, Vol. III: The Voyages of the

                                “Resolution” and “Discovery,” 1776-1780  (1955-) (Review by Roy A. Rauschenberg),

                                I 82-83

Cook, Warren L., (ed.), “Ancient Vermont:” Proceedings of the Castleton Conference, Castleton State

College, October 14-15, 1977 (1978) (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), XII 95-100

-Flood Tide of Empire: Spain and the Pacific Northwest, 1543-1819 (1978) (Review by

                George H. Tweney), V 79-81

-“Tempest over Ancient America: Vermont Conference of 1977” [report], X 81-85

Cope, Sir Walter (fl. 1599-1603), and American Indians in England (1603), II 9

Copernicus, Nicolas (1473-1543), and Aristotelian physics, IV 21-22, 23n, 35-40, 44n, 46-49

                -and Galileo Galilei, IV 22, 25, 41

                -and Johannes Kepler, IV 51

                -and Robert Hooke, IV 22, 51

                -and Sir Issac Newton, IV 22, 25, 51

                -and William Gilbert, IV 22, 50-51

                -cosmography of, IV 20-22, 28, 36-37, 41-51

                -geographical concepts of, IV 20-26, 33-38, 41-42, 50

                -historical criticism, IV 21-22

                -influence of voyages of discovery on, IV 19-51

                -influence of Waldseemüller’s map of 1507 on, IV 38-39, 41

Coruera, Sebastian Hurtado de see Hurtado de Corcuera, Sebastian

Cordóba, Francisco Fernández de (d. 1518), and Antonio Alaminos, X 65-66

Coro (Venezuela), German settlement at (1529), X 53-54

Coroado Indians (Brazil), and Russian Expedition of 1821-1829, III 82

Coronelli, Marco Vincenzo (Cartographer, 1650-1718), map of 1693, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Corsairs, see Pirates

Cortés, Hernan (1485-1547), and Antonio Alaminos, X 66-67

Cortes Society (New York and Berkeley), comparative description of, VI 69

Cortesāo, Armando (Geographer), on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 23, 25

Cortesāo, Jamie, Do Sigilo Nacional sobre os Descobrimentos … (1924), I 23-26

Cosmographers, Spanish, 16th century, I 40-57

                -as scientists, VI 54-58, 60-62

Costa Brochada, José Idalino Ferreira da (Historian), on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 25

Council of Basle (1430-1450), and Vinland Map, IV 61, 74, 86, 91

Coulon, Louis (1605-1664), completion of Bergerson’s work by, VII 37

Coutinho, Carlos Viegas Gago (1869-1959), on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 25-27

Couto, Diogo do (1543-1616), and Portuguese imperialism in India, VIII 77-78

Coxe, William (1747-1828), on Bragin expedition (1772-1777), II 88

Coxe, William, Russian Discoveries between Asia and America, with Supplement to Russian

                Discoveries (1970, reprint of 1787 edition), (Review by Henry Castner), XI 111-112

Coxon, John (1630?-1702?), and logwood trade, XII 73-74, 76-81, 83-84

                -and privateering expedition of 1679-1681, XII 69

                -as British privateer, XII 68-69

                -as pirate, XII 77-80

                -biographical data on, XII 66

                -cooperation with British colonial government, XII 76-78, 80

                -motivations of, XII 79-81, 84

                -raids on Indians, XII 78

Cramer, Matthijs (Poet, fl. 1670), Chinese influence on, VIII 35

Cranz, David (Historian, 1723-1777), on Vinland, II 36-37

Crato, Dom Antonio, prior of see Antonio, Dom (Prior of Crato)

Crime of Claudius Ptolemy, The (1977), by Robert R. Newton (Review by E. M. Palmer), XI 88-89

Crone, Gerald R., on Vinland Map, IV 74-75

Cuba, conquest of, by Diego de Velasquez, XII 12

Cumming, William P. et al., The Exploration of North America, 1630-1776 (Review by Wilcomb E.

Washburn), VII 85-86

Cunha, Luis da (fl. 1738), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 85-86, 88

Cusanus, Nicolas (fl. 1460), geographical concepts of, IV 34-35

Cushman, Dan, The Great North Trail: America’s Route of the Ages (1966) (Review by Robert

W. McCluggage), I 82

 

 

Dalfinger family, investments in the New World, X 50, 52-53

Dahlgren, Erik Wilhelm, on Zeno map, II 76-77

Dampier, William (Pirate, 1652-1715), and logwood trade, XII 74, 80-81

                -experiences in Jamaica, XII 67-68

                -theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 8

D’Anghiera, Pietro Martire see Peter Martyr

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), geographical concepts of, IV 34n

Danube River, delta of, on portolan charts, IX 29-32

Darien (Panama), location of, VI 14

Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East Africa (1976)

                by Donald Simpson, (Review by Wolfe W. Schmokel), IX 110-112

Davidson, George (fl. 1859), on discovery of Humboldt Bay, V 31, 37

Davies, Kenneth G., The North Atlantic World in the Seventeenth Century (1974) (Review by John

T. Juricek), X 106-108

Davis, John (Navigator, 1550?-1605), murder of, V 52-53

                -voyages of, IV 116-117

Davis Strait, Flemish exploration of (1656), IV 56

D’Avity, Pierre see Avity, Pierre d’

Day, John, letter to Columbus (1497), VIII 92

Deacon, Margaret, Scientists and the Sea, 1650-1900: A Study of Marine Science (1971)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), V 93-94

De Brahm, William Gerard, The Atlantic Pilot (facsimile of 1722 edition) (Review by Thomas R.

De Gregori), VII 88-89

-De Brahm’s Report of the General Survey in the Southern District of North America (1971)

                (Review by Jesse H. Wheeler, Jr.), V 81-81

De Bridia, C. see Bridia, C. de

Dee, John (Mathematician, 1527-1608), and interpretation of America as Atlantis, X 40-42

                -and Northwest Passage, X 40

                -on Prince Madoc, X 40-41

Dei, Benedetto (Florentine Merchant, d. 1492), and internationalism, VIII 23-24, 28

Delany, M. R. and Robert Campbell, Search for a Place: Black Separatism and Africa, 1860 (1969)

                (Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Delarochette, Louis S. (Cartographer, fl. 1795), map of 1823, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Del Bene, Masino (Captain, fl. 1586), and Guiana, IX 14-15

Delisle, Guillaume (Cartographer, 1675-1726), map of 1704, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Denis (King of Portugal, 1261-1325), and foreigners in Portugal, I 28

Descartes, Rene (1596-1650), theory of wind patterns, III 18-22, 24-25, 27-28, 30

D’Escragnolle Tannay, Alfredo see Tannay. Alfredo d’Escragnolle

Description of the New Netherlands, A (1968), by Adriaen van der Donck (Review by Lawrence

H. Leder), II 110

Dezhnev, Semen Ivanov, voyage through the Bering Strait (1648), V 7, 9, 11, 16-26

“Dezhnev’s Voyage of 1648 in the Light of Soviet Scholarship,” by Raymond H. Fisher, V 7-26

Diamonds, mining of, in Brazil, 19th century, III 77-78, 86-87

Diary of the “Discovery” Expedition to the Antarctic Regions, 1901-1904 (1967), by Edward Wilson

                (Review by John Parker), II 108-109

Dias, Bartholomeu (Naviagtor, 1450?-1500), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 7

D’Iberville, Nicolas Sanson see Iberville, Nicolas Sanson d’

Dickinson, Robert E., The Makers of Modern Geography (1969) (Review by Preston E. James), III 113

Diffie, Bailey W., “Foreigners in Portugal and the “Policy of Silence,” I 23-34

                -and George D. Winius, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580 (1977)

                                (Review by Thomas H. Flory), XI 98-100

Dighton Rock (Massachusetts), II 40, 55

Discovery, and technological development, 15th and 16th centuries, VIII 11-17

                -as bi-cultural contract, III 33

                -as legal defense of imperialism, VII 7-10

                -English conceptions of, VII 11-13, 19-20

                -French conceptions of, VII 35

                -historical literature on, Donald Lach on, IV 19

                -Northern European conceptions of, VII 10-11

                -Portuguese and Spanish conceptions of, VII 9-10, 20, 22

                -voyages of, and France, VIII 45-57

                                -and Italian Renaissance, VIII 19-25

                                -mercantile motivation for, in France, VIII 20-24

                                -reactions of Lancelot Voisin de la Popeliniere to, IX 62-63, 72

“Discovery and the Technical Setting, 1420-1520,” by Eila M. J. Campbell, VIII 11-17

Discovery literature, bibliography of, XI 71-82; XII 85-94

“Discovery of America: The Three Maps Which Determined It, Promoted Knowledge of Its Form,

                and Fixed Its Name, The,” by Carlos Sanz, VI 77-84

“Discovery of Humboldt Bay: A New Look at an Old Story, The,” by Warren Heckrotte, V 27-41

Discovery of South America and the Andalusian Voyages, The (1976), by Louis-André Vigneras

                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IX 112-113

“Dmitri Bragin’s Voyage in the North Pacific,” Carol Urness, II 87-93

Dr. Kane’s Voyage to the Polar Lands(1965), by Oscar M. Villarejo (Review by Ernest S. Dodge), I 85

Dodge, Ernest S., Beyond the Capes: Pacific Exploration from Captain Cook to the “Challenger,”

1776-1887 (1971) (Review by Mary Emily Miller), IV 137-138

-Islands and Empires: Western Impact on the Pacific and East Asia (1976) (Review by Edwin J.

                Van Kley), X 109-110

Doerr, Albert E., (revised by Oliver Dunn), “Drake’s California Harbor: Another Look at William

Caldeira’s Story,” IX 49-59

Doetsz, Cornelius (Cartographer, fl. 1589), and Dutch chart trade, XII 53; illustration XII 55

Dolu, Francois (fl. 1650), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 46, 57

Donck, Adriaen van der see Van der Donck, Adriaen

Donkin, Kate and Louis Gentilcore, Land Surveys of Southern Ontario: An Introduction and Index to the

                Field Notebooks of the Ontario Land Surveyors, 1784-1859 (1973) (Review), VII 92

Doran, Michael F., “The Maritime Provenience of Iron Technology in West Africa,” IX 89-98

Doria, Andrea (Admiral, 1468?-1560), capture of Koron by (1532), VI 27

Downs, Robert B., In Search of New Horizons: Epic Tales of Travel and Exploration (1978) (Review by

                Percy Adams), XII 120-124

Drake, Sir Francis (1540?-1596), and Baptista Boazio, X 71-72

                -and opening of Pacific trade route, IV 113-115

                -plate of brass of, IX 49-59

                -orthography of, IX 56-57

                -site of landing in California (1579), IX 49-57

                -voyage to the Caribbean (1585-1586), X 71-72; maps X 73-76

Drake Navigator’s Guild, and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX  55

Drake’s Bay (California), as site of Sir Francis Drake’s landing (1579), IX 49-51, 55

“Drake’s California Harbor: Another Look at William Caldeira’s Story,” by Albert E. Doerr (revised by

                Oliver Dunn), IX 49-59

Drama, Dutch, 17th century, influence of travel literature on, VIII 39-40

Dream of Lhasa: The Life of Nikolay Przhevalsky, Explorer of Central Asia, The (1976), by Donald

                Rayfield                (Review by George Kish), X 102-103

Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of Empire (1979), by Martin Green (Review by Percy Adams), XII 120-124

Drebbel, Cornelius (1572-1634), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 13-14, 19

Drogio, see Nova Scotia

Duarte Pacheco, Vasconselhos (fl. 1585), and Don Antonio the Pretender, IX 14-16, 18

Duas obras ineditas do Padre Franciscoda Costa (Codice NVT/7 do National Maritime Museum) (1970),

                by Luis de Albuquerque (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

Duisberg, Jan van (fl. 1657), travel literature of, VIII 40

Dulmo, Fernao see Olm, Ferdinand van

Dunbar, Gary S., Élisée Reclus, Historian of Nature (1978) (Review by Ralph E. Ehrenberg), XII 128-129

                -“Societies for the History of Discoveries,” VI 65-71

Duncan, T. Bentley, Atlantic Islands: Madeira, the Azores, and the Cape Verde in Seventeenth Century

                Commerce and Navigation (1972) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), V 84-85

Dunn, Oliver C., “The Arquivo Historico da Marinha,” VI 73-76

                -Revision of “Drake’s California Harbor: Another Look at William Caldeira’s Story,” by Albert

                                E. Doerr, IX 49-59

                -“Trouble at Sea: The Return Voyage of the Fleet of New Spain and Honduras in 1622,”

                                XI 29-41

Duran, Diego de (Dominican, D. 1588?), and Quetzalcoatl legend, VIII 70

Duran, Tomas (fl. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Dutch (see also Netherlands), drama, 17th century, influence of travel literature on, VIII 39-40

                -in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 44, 50, 53-55

                -poetry, 17th century, influence of travel literature on, VIII 34-37

                -religious literature, 17th century, influence of travel literature on, VIII 41-42

                -travel literature, 17th century, VIII 30-42

Dutch East India Company see East India Company, Dutch

Dutch Explorations, 1605-1756, of the North and Northwest Coast of Australia, The (1973), edited by

                Willem C. H. Robert (Review by Philip B. Gates), VII 84-85

Early Spanish Main, The (1966), by Carl O. Sauer (Review by Stanley F. Blount), I 78; (Review by Bruce

B.Solnick), I 79

Earth, concept of, medieval, IV 23n, 27-30, 32-33, 36, 43

                -Renaissance, IV 20-21, 24

                -15th and 16th centuries, VIII59-61, 67, 71

                -measurement of, II 15-19

                -shape of the, II 15-24

                                -and navigation, II 17-18

East India Company, Dutch, and French competition, II 62-63, 67-68, 72-73

                -Isaac Lemaire and, II 68, 73

                -Johan van Oldenbarnvelt and, II 62

East India Company, English, and English exploration, IV 117-118

                -in Japan, V 50

East India Company, French, formatio of, II 62, 72

                -Pieter Lyntgens and, II 62-63

                -Michel Poncet and, II 72

East India Company Journals of Captain William Keeling and Master Thomas Bonner, 1615-1617, The

                (1971), edited by Michael Strachan and Boies Penrose (Review by T. K. Rabb), V 86-87

Eclipse, lunar (1584), scientific observation of, VI 60-61

Economic Maps in Pre-Reform Russia: Material for a History of Russian Economic Cartography (1973),

                by Arkady I.Prebrazhensky (Review by Clara J. Tucker), VII 82

Ecuador, French expedition to (1735-1744), II 18, 23

Eden, Richard, History of Travayle in the West and East Indies (1577), on Japan, V 43

Edmonds, J. M. (U. S. Land Commissioner, fl. 1861), relations with John H. Clark, VI 46

Edwards, Bryan, History, Civil and Commercial, of British Colonies in the West Indies (1794), I 15

“Effect of the Discoveries on Seventeenth Century Dutch Popular Culture, The,” by Edwin K. van Kley,

                with comment by William Hunt, VIII 29-43

Efimov, Aleksei V., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez, V 17, 23-43

Egypt, ancient, Renaissance scholarship on, X 29-30

                -exploration of, by John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 103-106

                                -by Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 101

Ehinger, Ambrosius (fl. 1528), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Ehinger family, investments in the New World, X 52-53, 59

Ehrenberg, Ralph E. (ed.), Pattern and Process: Research in Historical Geography (1975) (Review  by

                Jesse H. Wheeler, Jr.), VIII 100-101

Eisenstein, Elizabeth L., The Printing Press As an Agent of Change: Communication and Cultural

                Transformation in Early Modern Europe (1979) (Review b David B. Quinn), XII 115-120

El Cano, Sebastian (Pilot, d. 1526), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55-56

El Dorado, and Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, IX 15-16

                -and Sir Walter Raleigh, IX 15-16, 21

                -search for, in Guiana, VII 23; XI44-45, 56

                                -in Japan, V 44

                                -in South America, VII 25

Eliot, John (1604-1690), and missionary n Massachusetts, XI 25

Élisée Reclus, Historian of Nature (1978), by Gary S. Dunbar (Review by Ralph E. Ehrenberg),

                XII 128-129

Elizabeth I (Queen of England, 1533-1603), and imperialism, VII 11-13, 22

                -policy on exploration, IV 112-115

Elliot, J. H., The Old World and the New, 1492-1650 (1970) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 116-117

Elysium, as an Atlantic island, X 9-10

Empire-building see imperialism

Empires to Nations: Exploration in America, 1713-1824 (1974), by Max Savelle (Review by Robert R.

                Palmer), X 92-93

England, chartmaking in, 17th century, XII 59

                -chart trade in, 17th century, XII 60-61

“England Encounters Japan: English Knowledge of Japan in the Seventeenth Century,” by Michael J.                 Huissen, V 43-59

English exploration, and Atlantic cod fishing, VIII 91-94, 97

                -Atlantic, significance of, VIII 91, 93-97

                -commercial objectives of, IV 113-118; V 43, 50; VIII 91-94, 97

                -East India Company and, IV 117-118

                -effects of foreign Policy on, IV 111-114

                -financial backing of, 16th century, IV 114-115

                -in West Africa, 16th century, IV 111-112

                -Levant Company and, IV 117-118

                -Muscovy Company and, IV 116-117

                -policy of Elizabeth I on, IV 112-115

                -policy of Mary I on, IV 111

                -Turkey Company and, IV 112, 117-118

English in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 43, 50, 52-54

English Settlements in North America, significance of, VIII 95-96

English Voyages, to the Caribbean (1499-1519), IV 122

“English Contributions to Early Overseas Discovery, The,” by David B. Quinn, VIII 91-97

English Interpreters of the Iberian New World from Purchas to Stevens: A Bibliographical Study (1975),

                by Colin Steele (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 80-81

“English Territorial Claims in North America under Elizabeth and the Early Stuarts,” by John T. Juricek,

                VII 7-22

Enterline, James Robert, Viking America: The Norse Crossings and Their Legacy (1972) (Review by

                George F. W. Young), VI 86-88

Enterprise and Empire: Merchant and Gentry Investment in the Expansion of England,  1575-1630

                (1967),                by Theodore K. Rabb (Review by M. E. Coyle), II 99-100

Erastosthenes (3rd century B. C.), geographical concepts of, II 15

Erik Gnupsson (Bishop, fl. 1121), IV 78-79, 88

                -and Vinland Map, I 58-64, 66; IV 78-79, 89

                -Charles M. Boland on, IV 79, 89

                -Claus C. Lyskander on, IV 78-79, 88

                -possible identity of, I 60-64

                -Richard Hennig on, IV 79

                -Trygvi J. Oleson on, IV 78

Eriksson, Lief (fl. 1000), and pre-Columbian exploration, II 29, 43, 45-49, 51-52

                -and Vinland, I 58, 62-63

                -and Vinland Map, IV 77-78, 89

                -Vinland voyage of, reconstruction of, map II 47

Eskimo Maps from the Canadian Eastern Arctic (1972), by John Spink and D. W. Moodie (Review by

                John Bockstoce), VII 81-82

Eskimos, skraelings identified as, IV 54, 60, 62

Estoiland, see Labrador

Ethiopia, classical traditions regarding, XII 25, 27

                -emperor of, Prester John interpreted as, X 16

                -European confusion of, with India, 16th century, XII 27-28

                -fictional description of, by Allessandro Geraldini, XII 21-22, 25, 27-31

European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A. D. 500-1600, The (1971), by Samuel Eliot

                Morison (Review by Carol Urness), IV 129-132

European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, A. D. 1492-1616, The (1974), by Samuel Eliot

                Morison (Review by Edwards J. Goodman), VII 69-71

European Settlement and Development in North America: Essays on Geographical Change in Honour

                and Memory of Andrew Hill Clark (1978), edited by James R. Gibson (Review by Geoffrey J.

                Martin), XII 124-126

European Vision of America, The  (1975), by Hugh Honour (Review by Patricia Anderson), XI 101-103

Evangelical Missionary Society (Basel), activities in Africa, I 74

Expansion and Reaction: Essays on European Expansion and Reaction in Asia and Africa (1978), edited

                by H. l. Wesseling (Review by Anthony T. Sullivan), XI 96-97

Expansion of Europe: The First Phase, The (1977), edited by James Muldoon (Review by Thomas

                Goldstein), X 93-96

Expeditions of John Charles Fremont, The, Volume I: Travels from 1835 to 1844, and Map Portfolio

                (1970), edited by Donald Jackson and Mary Lee Spence (Review by Robert W. McCluggage),

                III 125-127

Exploration (see also: English exploration; Spanish exploration; etc.), by sea, Bronze age, X 7, 11-12

                -Greek and Roman, X 9, 11-12

                -Phoenician, X 9, 11-12

Exploration of North America, 1630-1776, The (1974), by William P. Cumming et al. (Review by 

                Wilcomb E.Washburn), VII 85-86

Exploration of the Pacific, The (1966), by J. C. Beaglehole (Review by R. A. Rauschenberg), II 115-116

Explorations and Mapping of Samuel de Champlain, 1603-1632 (1976), by Conrad E. Heidenreich

                (Review Jean-Marc Garant), X 101-102

Explorations, 1696-1697, of Australia, The (1972), by Willem de Vlamingh (Review by Ernest S. Dodge),

                V 88

Explorer’s Maps of the Canadian Arctic, 1818-1860 (1972), by Coolie Verner (Review by John

                Brockstoce), VII 81-82

Explorers of Arabia from the Renaissance to the Victorian Era (1978), by Zahra Freeth and Victor

                Winstone (Review by Jeannette Mirsky),  XI 105-107

Explorers of South America, The (1972), by Edward J. Goodman (Review by Cyril Allen), V 90-91

Exploring the Northwest Territory: Sir Alexander Mackenzine’s Journal (1789) (1967) (Review by

                Martha Bray), I 86

Fabri, Nicolas-Claude de, seigneur de Peiresc (Antiquarian, fl. 1619), and Pierre Bergeron, VII 36

“Faith and Empire: The Cross and the Crown in Portuguese Expansion, Fifteenth-Eighteenth Centuries,”                 by C. R. Boxer, with comments by Ursula Lamb and John H. Parry, VIII 73-89

Falero, Francisco (Cartographer, fl. 1544), and Consejo de Indias, I 48-49, 51, 52-54, 56

False Dawn: European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century, The (1975), Raymond F. Betts (Review by

                Milton Israel), X 117-118

Fatal History of Portuguese Ceylon: Transition to Dutch Rule, The (1971), by George Davison Winius

                (Review by Paul Stewart), IV 136-137

Febvre, Lucien and Henry-Jean Martin, The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800

                (1979) (Review by David B. Quinn), XII 115-120

Federmann, Nicolas (1501?-1543?), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Fei Hsin (Chinese Scholar, fl. 1405-1435), on voyages of Cheng Ho, III 37, 42

Fell, Barry, America B. C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World , 1976) (Review by Warren L. Cook),

                IX 106-107

Fenton, Edward (fl. 1577-1603), voyage to South Atlantic Ocean (1582), IV 113-114, 116

Ferdinand II (King of Aragon, 1452-1516), and proposed voyage of Juan de Agramonte (1511), XI 67-69

                -and Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), VI 53

                -Spanish imperialism under, XII 10

Fernández, Juan (Navigator, 1536?-1602?), X 69-70

Fernández, Simao (fl. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Fernández de Navarrete, Martín see Navarrete, Martín Fernández de

Fernández de Santaella, Rodrigo de (d. 1509), and Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 62-63, 69-70

Ferreira, Alexandre Rodrigues (fl. 1786), and exploration of Brazil, III 69-70

Ferro, Gaetano, I navigatori portoghese sulla via delle Indie (1974) (Review by Samuel J. Hough), VII 78

Ficino, Marsilio (Philosopher, 1433-1499), as Platonic scholar, X 29-31

Fifth Centenary of the Birth of Pedro Alvares Cabral, list of papers presented in honor of, IV 127-128

Figueroa, Rodrigo de (Governor of Hispanola, fl. 1520), on Alessandro Geraldini, XII 24

Filson, John (1753?-1788), on Vinland, II 38-39

Finland, as a site of Vinland, II 34

Finnur Jónsson see Jónsson, Finnur

First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old (1976), edited by Fredi Chiapelli

                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IX 109-110; (Review by George Kish), X 98-99

First Voyages and Settlement at Charles Town, 1670-1680 (1970), by Joseph I. Waring (Review by

                Roger E. Ritzmann), III 128

Fischer, David, “Merchants, Courtiers, and the Sea Route to the Indies: The Case of Elizabethan

                England,” IV 111-118

Fischer, F. B. (Naturalist, fl. 1823), and Georg Heinrich Langsdorff, III 92

Fisher, Raymond H., Bering’s Voyages: Whither and Why(1978) (Review by Henry Castner), XI 111-112

                -“Dezhnez’s Voyage of 1648 in the Light of Soviet Scholarship,” V 7-26

Five Centuries of Map Printing (1975), edited by David Woodward (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

                VIII 101-102

Fleknoe, Richard (Poet, d. 1678?), XII 38-29

Fleet of New Spain and Honduras, description of, XI 31-32, 34-36

                -loss of (1622), XI 29-30, 34-35, 37, 39-40

Fleet of Tierra Firma (Spanish), loss of (1622), XI 29-30, 40

Flemish exploration of Davis Strait (1956), IV 56

Flood Tide of Empire: Spain and the Pacific Northwest, 1543-1819 (1973), by Warren L. Cook

                (Review by George H. Tweney), V 79-81

Florence, Hercules (1804-1879?), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 78-79, 81-83, 85-87,

                90, 92-94

Florence (Italy), and the Renaissance, VIII 19-25

                -mercantilism in, 15th and 16th centuries, as motivation for voyages of discovery, VIII 20-24

Fonseca, Juan Rodiguez de see Rodriguez de Fonseca, Juan

“Foreigners in Portugual and the ‘Policy of Silence,’” by Bailey W. Diffie, I 23-34

“Forgotten Journey: Georg Heinrich Langsdorff and the Russian Imperial Scientific Expedition to Brazil,

                1821-1829, The,” by Roderick J. Barman, III 67-96

Forquevaux, Raymond de Rouer, baron de (fl. 1567), and terres australes, IX 65, 68-70

Forster, Johann Reinhold (1729-1798), on Vinland, II 37, 40

                -on Zeno narrative, II 78

Fort Ross (California), and Russian American Company, V 28-29, 40

Fortunate Islands (Imaginary Islands), I 35-39

Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580 (1977), by Bailey W. Diffie and George D. Winius

                (Review by Thomas H. Flory), Xi 98-100

Four Centuries of Portuguese Expansion, 1415-1825: A Succinct Survey (1969), by C. R. Boxer (Review

                By Bruce B. Solnick), III 115-116

Fournier, Georges (1595-1652), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 21-23, 25-26, 28, 30

Fowler, Elaine W. and Louis B. Wright (eds.), The Moving Frontier: North America Seen through the

                Eyes of Its Pioneer Explorers (1972) (Review by William P. Cumming), X 100-101

Frampton, John, translation into English of Marco Polo’s Travels (1579), V 47

France, and search for Northwest Passage, II 61-74

                -and voyages of discovery, VIII 45-57

                -chartmaking in, 17th century, XII 59

                -competition with Dutch East India Company, II 62-63, 67-68, 72-73

                -economic competition with the Netherlands, 17th century, II 62-73

                -economic interests in West Africa, III 45, 47-49, 55-58

                -occupation of Brazil, III 70

                -sponsorship of Verazzano voyage of 1524, XI 60-61, 63-65

Franchere, Gabriel, Adventure at Astoria, 1810-1814 (1967) (Review by Philip B. Gates), I 87

Francis I (King of France, 1494-1547), and Verazzano voyage of 1524, XI 60-61, 63-65

                -French imperialism under, XI 61, 63-65

                -letters to Admiral de Chillon, XI 61, 63-65

François Valentijn’s Description of Ceylon (1979), edited by Sinnapah Arasaratnum (Review by Michael

                Aung-Thwin), XII 105-107

Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790), on the Gulf Stream, map XI 7

                -on Vinland, II 37

Frederick I Barbarossa (Emperor, 1123?-1190), and letter of Prester John, X 15, 18

Freeth, Zahara and Victor Winstone, Explorers of Arabia from the Renaissance to the Victorian Era

                (1978) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky), XI 105-107

Freitas, Serafim de (Franciscan, fl. 1625), and Portuguese imperilaism, VIII 82-82, 86

Fremlin, G. and L. M. Sebert (Eds.), National Atlases: Their History, Analysis, and Ways to Improvement

                and Standardization (1972) (Review by J. B. Post), V 70

Frémont, John Charles, The Expeditions of John Charles Frémont, Volume I: Travels from 1835-1844,

                and Map Portfolio(1970), edited by Donald Jackson and Mary Lee Spence (Review by Robert W.

                McCluggage), III 125-127

French attitudes towards Guiana, 17th century, XI 44-45, 49-50, 55-58

French empire see Imperialism, French

French Guiana Company see Compagnie de la Terre ferme

French historical writing, 16th century, VIII 45, 50-56

French travel literature, 15th and 16th centuries, VII 31-38

“French Expedition to Lapland, 1736-37, The,” by Tom B. Jones, II 15-24

Friis, Herman R. (ed.), The Arctic Diary of Russell Williams Porter (1976) (Review by Peter J. Anderson),

                X 97-98

                -, The Pacific Basin: A History of Its Geographical Exploration (1967) (Review by Robert

                                Hitchman), I 87-88

Frisland, and Zeno voyage, IX 81, 83

                -description of, IX 83-84

                -Greenland interpreted as, IX 81

                -historical literature on, IX 81, 83

                -Iceland interpreted as, IX 81

                -interpreted as an ice island, IX 84-85, 87; map IX 86

                -interpreted as one of the Orkney Islands, II 75

                -interpreted as a volcanic island, IX 84-85

                -on maps, 14th and 15th centuries, IX 81, 84, 87

“Frisland: Myth or Reality?,” by Charles P. Beall, IX 81-88

Fristrup, Bǿrge, The Greenland Ice Cap (1967) (Review by Nora T. Corley), II 107-108

Fritz, Samuel (Cartographer, fl. 1685-1724), map of 1707, Lake Parima on, VII 26-27

Frobisher, Martin (Navigator, 1535?-1594), voyages of 1576-1578, IV 115

Froidmont, Libert (1587-1653), theory of wind patterns, III 17-18, 26

Frois, Luis (Priest), on Japan (1565), V 43-46, 48-50, 52

From Vinland to Mars: A Thousand Years of Exploration (1976), by Richard S. Lewis (Review by Don

                Greame Kelley), XII 104-105

Frontier: Comparative Studies, The (1977), edited by David Harry Miller and Jerome O. Steffen (Review

                by Thomas S, Burns), XI 113-115

Frozen Ships: The Arctic Diary of Johann Miertsching, 1850-1854 (1967) (Review by Carol Urness),

                I 85-86

Fugger family, investments in the New World, X 46-49, 51, 55-59

Further Selections from the Tragic History of the Sea, 1559-1565 … , edited by C. R. Boxer (Review by

                Bruce B. Solnick), I 94

 

 

Gaillardet, Frédéric, Sketches of Early Texas and Louisiana (1966) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), II 112-114

Galileo, Galilei (1564-1642), and Nicholas Copernicus, IV 22, 25, 41

                -theory of wind patterns, III 16-17, 19, 21, 30

Galleons, Spanish, illustration, XI 33

                -lost in hurricane (1622), XI 29-30, 34

                -on Philippines-to-Mexico route, Andres Pacheco de Toledo as General of (1635), IV 7-9, 12, 17

                                -appointment of fleet commander of, IV 7-8

                                -Cristoval de Lugo y Montalvo as General of (1634), IV 7, 9

                                -Juan de Zelaeta as captain-general of (1668), IV 8

                                -sailing orders for, IV 7-17

Galvāo, Antonio (fl. 1563), on voyage of Esteban de Gómez, II 27-28

Gama, Vasco da (1469?-1524), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 7

Gamble, Archibald (fl. 1825), and survey of Santa Fe trail, VII 42

Gamez, Juan de, testimony of, on survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 8-9

Garíca, Nũno (fl.1515), and “line of demarcation,” VI 53-54

Garica de Cespedes, Andrés (Pilot Major, fl. 1572-1606), and Padrón Real, VI 59-60

Gastaldi, Giacomo (Cartographer, c1500-c1565), geographical conception sof, VII 68

Gathorne-Hardy, Geoffrey M., on Vinland, II 53

Gentilcore, Louis and Kate Donkin, Land Surveys of Southern Ontario: AN introduction and Index to the

                Field Notebooks of the Ontario Land Surveyors, 1784-1859 (1973) (Review), VII 92

Geographical knowledge, spread of, and chart trade, XII 54

Geógraphie des philosophes: Geographes et voyageurs français au XVIIIe siécle, La(1975), by Numa

                Broc (Review by George Kish), XI 110-111

Geography and Map Division: A Guide to Its Collections and Services, The (1975) (Review), VII 91

Georgia, as site of Vinland, II 45

Geraldini, Alessandro (Bishop of Santo Domingo, 1455-1525), as advocate of art over nature, XII 22, 31

                -biographical data on, XII 22-23

                -diplomatic activities of, XII 22-24

                -fictional description of Ethiopia by, XII 21-22, 25, 27-31

                -Gabriel Naudé on, XII 21, 25

                -on Caribbean cannibalism, XII 33-34

                -on Christopher Columbus, XII 21, 31-32

                -on Santo Domingo, XII 32

                -on the Golden Age, XII 30, 32, 34

                -Rodrigo de Figueroa on, XII 24

                -voyage to Hispanola (1519), XII 21, 24-25, 31-35

                -portrait, XOO 26

                -, Itinerarium ad Regiones sub Aequinoctiali Plaga Constitutas (1522, published 1631), as

                                criticism of contemporary society, XII 22, 25, 27-31, 34-35

German investments, in New World Discoveries, X 45-59

Gibson, Charles, Comment on “Asia-in-the-West,” by J. H. Parry, VIII 72

                -,”Conquest and So-Called Conquest in Spain and Spanish America,” XII 1-19

Gibson, James R. (ed.), European Settlement and Development in North America: Essays on

                Geographical Change in Honour and Memory of Andrew Hill Clark (1978) (Review by Geoffrey          

                J. Martin) XII 124-126

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey (1539?-1583), and interpretation of America as Atlantis, X 39-40

                -and Northwest Passage, X 39-40

                -discoveries of, as a basis of  English territorial claims, VII 12-13

                -on Sable Island, V 63

                -theory of ocean currents, III 11

Gilbert, William (Physicist, 1540—1603), and Nicholas Copernicus, IV 22, 50,-51

Giles of Viterbo (Augustinian, 16th century), and new Golden Age, X 31-32

Giles, Pierce (fl. 1885), and source of Mississippi River, VII 55, 61n

Giraldus Cambrensis (1146?-1220?), on Atlantic islands, I 38

Glazier, Lake (Minnesota), as source of Mississippi River, VII 54-63; maps VII 58-60

Glazier, Willard (1841-1905), and search for source of Mississippi River, VII 53-63

                -biographical data, VII 53-54

                -, Down the Great River (1887), VII 57, 60

Glooscap (Micmac legend), identification of, with Henry Sinclair, II 85

Gnupsson, Bishop Erik see Erik Gnupsson

Goa (India), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 76-77, 86-87

Godin, Louis (Astronomer, 1704-1706), on Ecuador expedition, II 18

Goebel, Julius, Jr., and theory of imperialism, VII 7-8

Goes, Johannes Antonides van de (Poet, 1647-1684), Chinese influence on, VIII 31-32, 35, 42

Gois, Damiao de (Historian, 1502-1574), on Portuguese exploration, I 24-25

Gold, production of, in Hispanola, IV 123-124

Gold Coast, Swiss missionaries in, I 73

Golden Age, Alessandro Geraldini on, XII 30, 32, 34

                -expectation of, in the Renaissance, X 25, 27, 30-333, 35-39, 42-43

Golder, Frank A., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 9, 14-16, 18

Goldstein, Thomas, “The Renaissance Concept of the Earth in Its Influence upon Copernicus,” IV 19-51

                -, “The Role of the Italian Merchant Class in Renaissance and Discoveries” with comment by

                                Marvin Becker, VIII 19-28

Golius, Jacob (1596-1667), Chinese influence on, VIII 31

Gómara, Francisco López de see López de Gómara, Francisco

Gómez, Esteban (Navigator), North American voyages of (1524-1525), II 25-28

Góngora, Maria, on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 13

Gonzáles de Mendoza, Juan see Mendoza, Juan Gonzáles de

Gonzalo de Berceo (Poet, 1180?-c1247), and definition of conquest, XII 3

Goodman, Edward J., The Explorers of South America (1972) (Review by Cyril Allen), V 90-91

                -, “The Search for the Mythical Lake Parima,” VII 23-30

Gordon, Amy Glassner, “Confronting Cultures: The Effect of the Discoveries on Sixteenth-Century

                French Thought” with comment by Thomas Tentler, VIII 45-57

                -, “Mapping La Popeliniere’s Thought: Some Geographical Dimensions,” IX 60-73

Gossenprot family, investments in the New World, X 47

Granada, Spanish conquest of, XII 6-7

Grapevines, in Vinland, II 38, 41, 49, 51, 54-55; IV 53-54

Great North Trail: America’s Route of the Ages, The  (1966), by Dan Cushman (Review by Robert W.

                McCluggage), I 82

Great Platte River Road: The Covered Wagon Main Line via Fort Kearny to Fort Laramie, The (1969),

                By Merrill J. Mattes (Review by Robert W. McCluggage), III 124-125

Great United States Exploring Expeditions of 1838-1842, The (1975), by William Stanton (Review by

                Vincent Ponko, Jr.), IX  101-103

Greek exploration, by sea, X 9-12

Green, Martin, Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of Empire (1979) (Review by Percy Adams), XII 120-124

Green Island (see also: Islands, Atlantic), interpretation of, as Greenland, IV 57-59

                -Peter Martyr on, IV 59

Greenland, European confusion of Iceland with, 15th century, IV 59-62

                -expedition to, of Paul-Emile Victor, IV 64

                                -sponsored by Christian IV of Denmark, IV 87-88

                -geographical conceptions of, IV 56-559, 61-63, 73, 75, 91-93; maps IV 65-72

                -interpreted as Frisland, IV 81

                -interpreted as Green Island, IV 57-59

                -in Zeno narrative, II 77

                -Norse settlement in, IV 53-56, 60-61, 73, 78, 92

                -on Claudius Clavus map of 1424, IV 56-57

                -on Vinland Map, IV 57, 75, 87, 93

                -Roman Catholic see of, I 58-64; IV 54-55, 69-61, 78-79

Greenland Ice Cap, The (1967), by Borge Fristrup (Review by Nora T. Corley), II 107-108

“Greenland, Vinland, and the Yale Map, “ by L. A. Vigneras, IV 53-93

Grenfell, George (Missionary, 1849-1906), as explorer, I 68, 74

Grijalva, Juan de (1489?-1527), and Antonio Alaminos, X 66-67

Grillet, Jean (Jesuit), and search for Lake Parima (1674), VII 26

Grotius, Hugo (1583-1645), on Stevin’s “sailing chariot,” VIII 29-30

Guaná Indians (Brazil), annd Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 84-85

Guato Indians (Brazil), annd Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 84-85

Guaycuru Indians (Brazil), annd Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 84

Guedes, Max Justo, Anônimo-Antônio Sanches C. 1683 (Atribuiçāo da atoria de um carta náutica

                original da biblioteca do Rio de Janeiro) (1970) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 134

                -,Brasil-Costa norte: Cartografia Portuguêsa vetustíssima(1968) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

                                III 134

                -, Um roteiro apocrifo do estreito de Magalhāes-Tentativa de identificaçāo de autoria (1970)

                                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

                -, (ed.), Roteiro de todos os sinais na costa do Brasil (1968) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

                                III 134-135

Guerra, Cristóbal, on Peralonzo Niño expedition (1499), IV 120

Guera family, investments in the New World, IV 120-121

Guiana, and English imperialism, IX 13-21

                -French attitudes toward, 17th century, XI 44-45, 49-50, 55-58

                -French imperialism in, 17th century, XI 43-58

                -Portuguese intrigues in, 16th century, IX 7, 10, 14-15

Guide to the History of Cartography: An Annotated List of References on the History of Maps and

                Mapmaking (1973), compiled by Walter W. Ristow, VI 96-97

Gulf Stream, Benjamin Franklin on, map XI 7

Gumilla, Joseph (Priest, fl. 1741), and search for Lake Parima, VII 27-28

Guns, navel, 15th and 16th centuries, and technological development, VIII 13-14

Guiterrez, Diego (Cartographer, 1485-1554), dispute with Pedro de Medina, I 43-57

Guiterrez, Sancho (fl. 1566), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

Gvozdetsky, N. A., Soviet Geographical Explorations and Discoveries(1974) (Review by George Kish),

                X 113-114

 

 

Haakon VI Magnusson (King of Norway, 1339-1380), and Orkney Islands, II 80-84

Hadim Suleiman Pasha (Ottoman Governor of Egypt, fl. 1530), and Turkish imperialism, VI 26-27, 33

Hadley, George (fl. 1735), and theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 9, 25

Hakluyt, Richard (Historian, 1552?-1616), and search for El Dorado, VII 25

                -on Japan, V 43, 48

                -theory of imperialism, VII 13n

Hakluyt, Richard (“the Younger,” fl. 1586), and English imperialism, IX 11, 13, 17-19

Hakluyt Handbook, The (1975), edited by David B. Quinn (Review by Paul Stewart), VII 79-80

Hakluyt Society, The (London), comparative description of, VI 65-66

Hale, John R., on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 15-16

Halley, Edmund (Astronomer, 1656-1742), and geographical measurement, II 17

                -theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 25, 31

Hammond, George P. and Agapito Rey, The Rediscovery of New Mexico, 1580-1594: The Explorations of

                Chamuscado, Espejo, Castano de Sosa, Morlete, and Leyva de Bonilla and Humana (1966)

                (Review by Marvin D. Bernstein), II 110-112

Hanna, Warren L., Lost Harbor: The Controversy over Drake’s California Anchorage (1979) (Review by

                Derek Howse), XII 126-128

Hanno (Navigator, 6th century? B. C.), African voyage of, IX 95-96, 98; X 11

Hapgood, Charles H., Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings (1966) (Review by Harold L. Burstyn), I 77

Hapsburg family, Henry IV of France and the, II 64, 74

Haro, Cristobal de (Merchant, fl. 1523), X 48-49, 51

Harris, J. Dennis and James Theodore Holly, Black Separatism and the Caribbean, 1860 (1970) (Review

                by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Harrower, Henry D (fl. 1886), and source of Mississippi River, VII 55-56

Hart, Henry H., Marco Polo: Venetian Adventurer (1967) (Review by Vsevolod Slessarev), II 95-96

Hasse, Christian Friedrich (Zoologist), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 78-79, 81-82, 90

Hatch, Arthur (fl. 1623), residence on Japan, V 50-53

Hawkins, Sir Richard (1562?-1622), Pacific voyage of (1593), IV 113-114

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Ottoman Admiral, fl. 1527-1534), Mediterranean activities of, VI 26-28, 36

Hébert, John P., “Mapping the Road to Santa Fé, 1825,” VII 39-51

                -, (comp.), Panoramic Maps of Anglo-American Cities: A Checklist of Maps in the Collections of

                                the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division (1974) (Review by Ivan D.

                                Steen), VII 89-90

Heckrotte, Warren, “The Discovery of Humboldt Bay: A New Look at an Old Story,” V 27-41

Heidenreich, Conrad E., Explorations and Mapping of Samuel de Champlain, 1603-1632 (1976) (Review

                by Jean-Marc Garant), X 101-102

Helluland, identification of, IV 53

Henin, Jacob de (Author, fl. 1681), Chinese influence on, VIII 41

Henning, Richard, on Bishop Erik Gnupsson, IV 79

                -on Prester John, X 16

                -on the Zeno map, II 77

Henricus Martellus Germanus see Martellus, Henricus

Henry (Bishop, fl. 1060?), and Iceland, I 58-61

Henry IV (King of France, 1553-1610), and Revolt of the Netherlands, II 63-64

                -and search for Northeast Passage, II 61, 69-74

                -and the Hapsburg family, II 64, 74

                -French imperialism under, II 61-63, 67, 71-74

“Henry IV and the Northeast Passage to the Indies,” by Robert O. Lindsay, II 61-74

Henry “the Navigator” (infante of Portugal, 1394-1460), and foreigners in Portugal, I 31

                -and Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 24-25

                -and technological development, VIII 11-15

Herjolfsnes (Greenland), excavations at, IV 55, 60

Herjólfsson, Bjarni see Bjarni Herjolfsson

Herodotus (5th century B. C.), on the Sahara, IX 93-94, 96

Herrera, Antonio de (fl. 1600), on voyage of Esteban de Goméz, II 26, 28

Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de (1559-1625), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 9

Hesperides (imaginary islands), America interpreted as, X 34, 36

Hess, Andrew C., “Piri Reis and the Ottoman Response to the Voyages of Discovery,” VI 19-37

Hesselbach, William (fl. 1860), as member of United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 46

Hewes, Leslie, The Suitcase Farming Frontier: A Study in the Historical Geography of the Central Great

                Plains (1974) (Review by John Parker), IX 99-101

Heynen, William J. (comp.), Cartographic Records of the Bureau of Argricultural Economics (1971)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), V 97

Hideyoshi Toyotomi (1536-1598), V 48-51

Himilco (Carthaginian Admiral, 6th century? B. C.), Atlantic voyage of, X 11

Hippocrates (460?- 377? B. C), theory of wind patterns, III 8-9

Hirschvogel family, investments in the New World, X 47

Hispanola (see also: Santo Domingo), German investments in, X 55

                -gold production in, IV 123-124

                -Spanish settlement of, IV 119-123

                -voyage to, by Alessandro Geraldini (1519), XII 21, 24-25, 31-35

História general y natural de las Indias, islas y tierra firme del Mar Océano (1526), by Gonzalo

                Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, I 14

História natural y moral de las Indias (1590), by José de Acosta, I 14

Historical writing, French 16th century, VIII 45, 50-56

History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies (1794), by Bryan Edwards, I 15

History of Jamaica (1774), by Edward Long, I 15

History of Russian Cartography up to 1800, A (1975), by Leo Bagrow (Review), VII 93; (Review by John

A. Wolter), IX 113-114

History of the Cartography of Russia up to 1600, A (1975, by Leo Bagrow (Review), VII 93; (Review by

John A. Wolter), IX 113-114

History of the Vikings, A (1968), by Gwyn Jones (Review by H. Peter Krosby), II 118-119

Hobbs, William H. (1864-1953), on the Zeno narrative, II 85

Höchstetter family, investments in the New World, X 47

Holland see Netherlands

Holly, James Theodore and J. Dennis Harris, Black Separatism and the Caribbean, 1860 (1970) (Review

                by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Holm, Thomas Campanius (c1670-1702), on Vinland, II 35, 37, 46

Holy Ghost Fathers (Roman Catholic order), and planning of mission stations, I 73

                -as missionaries in Africa, I 73-74

Holy Land see Arabia, Egypt, Palestine

Holzschuher family, investments in the New World, X 46

Homen, Lope (fl. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Homer (8th century? B. C.), and Isles of the Blessed, IX 75

Honidus, Henrici (Cartographer), map 1639, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Hondius, Jodocus, Atlas (begun 1585, with Gerhardus Mercator), IX 62, 70-73

Honduras, Gulf of, and logwood trade, XII 70, 72-74, 76-79, 81-82

                -and mahogany trade, XII 82-83

                -pirate settlements on, XII 65, 72-74, 76-79, 81-84

                -slavery in, XII 82-84

Honour, Hugh, The European Vision of America (1975) (Review by Patricia Anderson), XI 101-103

Hooke, Robert (1635-1703), and geographical measurement, II 17-18

                -and Nicholas Copernicus, IV 22, 51

                -cosmography of, IV 51

Hóp, location of, II 53-55

Hormuz, Chinese expedition to (1413-1415), III 36

Horn, Georg (fl.1658), Chinese influence on, VIII 31

Horn, Nicholas van (Pirate, fl. 17th century), and logwood trade, XII 65, 74

Hortsmann, Nicholas (fl. 1743), and search for Lake Parima, VII 27

Hortus Jamaicensis … (1816), by John Lunan, I 15

Hovgaard, William (1857-1950), on Vinland, II 53

Howard, Charles (Baron of Effingham and Lord Admiral of the Fleet, 1473-1554), and John Rastell

                expedition (1517), III 60

Howse, Derek and Michael Sanderson, The Sea Chart: An Historical Survey Based on the Collection in

                the National Maritime Museum (1973) (Review by Thomas R. Smith), IX 107-109

Hsüan Tsung (Emperor of China, 685-762), voyages of exploration under, III 37

Huáscar (Inca, 1495?-1533), VII 24

Hudson, Henry (Navigator, fl. 1600-1611), and search for Northeast Passage, II 69-70

Hudson’s Bay Record Society (London), comparative description of, VI 70

Hugh of Gebal (Syrian Bishop, fl. 1114), and Prester John, X 15, 19

Huissen, Michael J., “England Encounters Japan: English Knowledge of Japan in the Seventeenth

                Century,” V 43-59

Humboldt, Alexander von (1769-1859), and search for Lake Parima (1800), VII 29-30

Humboldt Bay (California), discovery of, V 27-41; maps V 30, 32, 35, 38

                -in Teienkov’s Atlas of the Northwesr Shores of America … (1825), V 29, 31-34, 36, 39

Humboldt-Gesellschaft (Göttingen), comparative description of, VI 68

Hunt, William, Comment on “The Effect of the Discoveries on Seventeenth Century Dutch Popular

                Culture,” by Edwin J. van Kley, VIII 43

Hurtado de Corcuerra, Sebastian (Governor of the Philippines), and the Manila galleon (1635-1636),

                IV 88-9, 12, 17

Huxley, Elspeth, Scott of the Antarctic (1978) (Review by Theodore J. Karamanski), XI 113

Huygens, Christian (1629-1695), and geographical measurements, II 17

Hydrographic agencies, establishment of, XII 62-63

 

 

Iberville, Nicholas Sanson d’ (Cartographer), maps of 1650 and 1656, Manoa on, VII 26

Ibrahim Pasha (Ottoman Grand Vizier, fl. 1525), and Turkish imperialism, VI 22-23, 32, 36

Ice age, little see “Little Ice Age”

Ice island formation of, IX 84-85, 87

                -Frisland interpreted as, IX 84-85, 87; map, IX 86

Iceland, bishops of, I 60-62

                -English attacks on, IV 54-55

                -European confusion of, with Greenland, 15th century, IV 59-62

                -Hannes Palsson on, IV 60-61

                -interpreted as Frisland, IX 81

                -oral tradition of Vinland in, II 31-32

Icelandic sagas see Sagas, Icelandic

Idea of China: Myth and Theory in Geographic Thought, The (1974), by Andrew L. March (Review by

                Jeannette Mirsky), VII 83-84

Images of the Plains: The Role of Human Nature in Settlement (1975), edited by Brian W. Blouet and

                Merlin P. Lawson (Review by John Parker), IX 99-101

Imaginary Islands, see Islands, imaginary

Imhoff family, investments in the New World, X 47-48

Imperial Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa since 1870, The (1977), by Henry S. Wilson (Review by

                Peter F. B. Nayenga), X 108-109

Imperialism, Aragonese, under James II. XII 8

                -Castilian, under Alfonso X, XII 3-4

                                -under John II, XII 5-6, 9

                                -under Sancho IV, XII 8

                -conquest as legal defense of, VII 7-11

                -Danish, under Christian IV, IV 88

                -discovery as legal defense of, VII 7-10

                -“dominative” code of, VII 8-13, 19, 22

                -English, and Guiana, IX 13-21

                                -and Richard Hakluyt (“The Younger”), IX 11, 13, 17-19

                                -in North America, VII 7-8, 11-22

                                -policy of, in 16th century, IV 111-113

                                -privateering and, in the Caribbean, XII 66-68

                -French, and Lancelot Voisin, sieur de la Popeliniére, IX 61-63, 66-67, 70-72

                                -in Guiana, 17th century, XI 43-58

                                -Portuguese reaction to, XI 63-64

                                -17th century, historical literature on, XI 43-45

                                -under Charles IX, IX 64-65, 68-69

                                -under Francis I, XI 61, 63

                                -under Henry IV, II 61-63, 67, 71-74

                -international law as defense of, VII 8

                -Portuguese, and Biblical prophecy, VIII 79-82

                                -and crusading ideal, VIII 76-77

                                -North Africa, XII 8

                                -Papal authority, VIII 73-74, 83

                                -and prophecies of Gonçalo Anes Bandarra, VIII 79-80

                                -and prophecies of Pedro de Basto, VIII 80-81

                                -beginnings of, VIII 73-75

                                -competition of, with Ottoman empire, VI 19-20, 22-24, 26, 30-37

                                -in Goa, VIII 76-77, 86-87

                                -influence of Christian militancy on, VIII 73-88

                                -in Persian Gulf, VI 22-24, 26-30, 33-35, 37

                                -under Alfonso V, XII 9

                                -under Joāo III, VIII 75-76

                                -under Joāo V, VIII 85

                                -under Manuel I, VIII 74-75

                                -under Philip II, VIII 78

                                -under Sebastiāo, VIII 76-77, 79

                                -“pre-emptive” code of, VII 8-10, 12, 19-22

                                -religious conversion as instrument of, XI 19-22, 25-27, 47

                                                -compared to war as instrument of, XII 13-14

                                                -historical literature on, XI 26-27

                -Russian, in North America, Alexander Baranov and, V 27-28, 31, 33-34, 40

                -Spanish, and North Africa, XII 7-9

                                -competition of, with Ottoman empire, VI 19-21

                                -goals of, VI 77

                                -in America, and Bartolomé de las Casas, XII 1-3, 10-12, 14-16, 18

                                                -and definition of, with Ottoman empire, VI 19-21

                                -influence of Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca on, IV 120-122, 124

                                -methods of, in America, X 61-62

                                -role of navigators in, X 62-70

                                -under Ferdinand II, XII 10

                -Turkish, competition of, with Spain and Portugal, VI 19-24, 26, 30-37

                                -expansion of, role of commerce in, VI 30-35

                                -historical literature on, VI 30-31, 35

                                -in Balkan peninsula, VI 23, 26-29, 36

                                -in Indian Ocean, VI 22-35, 37

                                -military role in, VI 25-30

                                -motives for, VI 31-33, 35, 37

                                -under Bayazit II, VI 31

                                -under Ibrahim Pasha, VI 22-23, 32, 36

                                -under Mohammed II, VI 31

Im Thurn, Sir Edward F. see Thurn, Sir Edward F. im

India, European confusion of, with Ethiopia, 16th century, XII 27-28

                -geographical meaning of, in medieval Europe, X 17

                -Portuguese in, VIII 74-78, 80, 84-87

                -Portuguese voyages to, XII 37

Indian Ocean, Chinese exploration of, III 33-44

                -map of (1649), XII 42

“Indian Prototype for Prester John, An,” by Andrew Athappilly, X 15-23

Indians, American see American Indians

Indies, diplomatic definition of, 17th century, II 65n

“Indies Richly Planted, The,” by J. H. Parry, I 11-22

Ingstad, Helge, on Vinland, II 50, 55, 58n; III 97-105; IV 54

In search of New Horizons: Epic Tales of Travel and Exploration(1978), by Robert B. Downs (Review by

                Percy Adams), XII 120-124

International Boundaries of East Africa (1971), by A. C. McEwen (Review by Alexander Melamid),

                IV 146-147

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (Monaco), XI 12

“In the Beginning ….,” [editorial policy] by Bruce B. Solnick, I 9

Ioan (Bishop and Saint, d. 1121), I 63-64

Ireland, as a commercial center, 16th century, III 61-62, 64-65

Iron technology, diffusion of into West Africa, 2nd century B. C., IX 89, 91-94, 98; map IX 90

                -in Meroe, IX 89, 92-93, 98

Ishiguka Saikö (Cartographer), world map of 1802, Lake Parima on, VII 28-29

Isidore of Seville (560?-636), on Thanet, I 36

                -on Vinland, IV 53

Islam, in China, 15th century, III 36, 42

Island of Grapes, identification of, I 37-39

Islands, Atlantic, IV 53, 57-59, 61, 85, 90

                -Adam of Bremen on, I 38

                                -Gerladus Cambrensis on, I 38

                -floating, I 39n

                -ice see Ice Islands

                -imaginary (see also: names of specific islands), in Celtic mythology, IV 58-59

                                -rationale for belief in, X 8-9, 13

Islands and Empires: Western Impact on the Pacific and East Asia (1976), by Ernest S. Dodge (Review by

                Edwin J. van Kley), X 109-110

Islas Rica de Oroy Rica de Plata (imaginary islands), proposed search for, 17th century, VI 61

Isles of the Blessed (imaginary islands), and Quintus Sertorius, IX 75, 78-80

                -and St Brendan, I 36-39

                -Azores interpreted as, IX 75-76, 79

                -Canary Islands interpreted as, IX 75, 77-80

                -description of, IX 75-78, 80

                -Homer on, IX 75

                -Madeira Islands interpreted as, IX 75-77

                -Plutarch on, IX 75-80

                -Posidonius on, IX 79-80

                -Sallust on, IX 75-80

                -Strabo on, IX 79-80

“Is There a ‘Verrazano River’ on Juan Vespucci’s 1526 Mappemonde?” by L. A. Vigneras, VII 65-67

Italians, in Portugal, I 28-34

Italy, map trade in, XII 52

Itasca, Lake (Minnesota), as source of the Mississippi River, VII 54-63

I Tell of Greenland: An Edited Translation of the Saudhákróar Manuscript(1977), edited by Francis

                Berry (Review by James R. Enterline), XI 89-91

Itinerarium ad Regiones sub Aequinoctiali Plaga Constitutas (1522, published 1631), by Alessandro

                Geraldini, as criticism of contemporary society, XII 22, 25, 27-31, 34-35

 

 

Jackson, Donald and Mary Lee Spence (eds.), The Expeditions of John Charles Frémont, Volume I:

                Travels from 1838 to 1844, and Map Portfolio (1970) (Review by Robert W.McCluggage) III

                125-127

Jamaica, British occupation of, 17th century, XII 66-68

                -establishment of planter society in, I 13-14; XII 67-68, 79

                -food crops in, I 11-22

                -historical literature on, English, I 14-15

                                -Spanish, I 14

                -introduction of African slavery to, I 13

                -introduction of breadfruit to, I 20-21

                -introduction of domestic animals to, I 13

James II (King of Aragon), and Aragonese imperialism, XII 8

James I (King of England), and Revolt of the Netherlands, II 63-64

                -English imperialism under, VII 13-22

James, Preston E., All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas (1972) (review by G. S.

                Dunbar), V 68-69

James Bay (Canada), as site of Vinland, II 31, 42

James Ford Bell Library: A List of Additions, 1965-1969 (1970), complied by John Parker and Carol

                Urness (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 129

Jamestown (Virginia), reconaissance prior to settlement of, II 12-13

Jamestown Voyages under the First Charter, 1606-1609, The (1969), edited by Philip L. Barbour (Review

                by Jack Goodwin), IV 140-141

Japan, Buddhism in, 16th and 17th centuries, V 45, 51, 56

                -description of, 16th century, V 43-59

                -expulsion of foreigners from, 17th century, V 57

                -first contact with Europe, V 43-59

                -influence of, on English culture, V 57-59

                -invasion of Korea by (1592-1598), V 48-49

                -Luis Fróis on, V 43-46, 48-50, 52

                -relations with China, 16th and 17th centuries, V 47-49

                -search for El Dorado in, V 44

Jeannin, Pierre (Diplomat, 1540-1623), and Dutch-French competition, II 64-65, 67-71

Jenkinson, Anthony (fl. 1557-1562), and search for overland route to the Indies, IV 112

Jesuits, in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 43, 45-47, 54-56

Jewish merchants, residents in Timbuktu (1864), III 54

Jimenez de Queada, Gonzalo (1500?-1579?), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Johannes Presbyter see Prester John

John II (King of Castile and Leon, 1358-1390), and Castilian imperialism, XII 5-6, 9

John I (King of Portugal, 1357-1433), and “policy of silence,” I 23

                -marriage to Philippa of Lancaster (1397), I 29

John II (King of Portugal, 1455-1495), and German investments in the New World, X 46-47

                -and “policy of silence,” I 24-27, 31-32

                -use of the caravel by, VIII 13

John III (King of Portugal, 1502-1557), and French imperialism, XI 63-64

                -and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 75-76

John IV (King of Portugal, 1605-1656), and Joāo de Silva Tello de Meneses, XII 38-39

John V (King of Portugal, 1689-1750), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 85

John VI (King of Portugal, 1769-1826), and opening of Brazil, III 70-77

John of Holywood see Sacrobosco, Johannes de

John Carter Brown Library, see Brown University

John Carter Brown Library Annual Reports, 1901-1966, with Index, The (1972) (Review by John Parker),

                V 71-72

“John Coxon and the Role of Buccaneering in the Settlement of the Yucatan Colonial Frontier,” by Gilbert    M. Joseph, XII 65-84

“John Rastell’s Proposed Voyage to North America from Ireland, 1517-1519,” by Peter J. Piveronous, Jr.,

                III 59-65

Johnson, Hildegard Binder, “The Role of Missionaries as Explorers in Africa,” I 68-76

Johnson, Robert (fl. 1609), and search for Northwest Passage, VII 15

Jonctijs, Daniel (fl. 1699), travel literature of, VIII 40

Jones, Gwyn, A History of the Vikings  (1968) (Review by H. Peter Krosby), II 118-119

Jones, Howard Mumford, The Literature of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century (2nd edition, 1968)

                (Review by Wilcomb E. Washburn), II 109-110

Jones, Tom B., “The French Expedition to Lapland, 1736-1737,” II 15-24

Jonker, J. (Poet, fl. 1697), on tea, VIII 37

Jónsson, Arngrimur (Historian, 1568-1648), on Vinland, II 32-36, 44

Jónsson, Finnur (Bishop, 1704-1789), on Vinland, II 37

Joseph, Gilbert M., “John Coxon and the Role of Buccaneering in the Settlement of the Yucatán Colonial

                Froniter,” XII 65-84

Joseph N. Nicollet on the Plains and Prairies: The Expeditions of 1837-1839, with Journals, Letters, and

                Notes on the Dakota Indians (1976) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), IX 103

Journal of a Cruise of the United States Schooner “Dolphin” among the Islands of the Pacific Ocean and

                a Visit to the Mulgrave Islands, in Pursuit of the Mutineers of the Whale Ship “Globe”(1970), by

                Hiram Paulding (Review by Ernest S. Dodge), III 119-120

Journal of Christopher Columbus, The (1968), edited by L. A. Vigneras (Review by John Parker),

                II 101-102

Journals and Letters of Captain Charles Bishop on the North-West Coast of America, in the Pacific, and

                in New South Wales, 1794-1799, The (1967) (Review by George H. Tweney), II 114-115

Journals and Letters of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, The (1971) (Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 142-143

Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery, Volume I: The Voyage of the “Endeavor,”

                1768-1771, The (1968) (Review by Laurence S. Fallis), II 117

Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery, Volume IIII: The Voyages of the

                “Resolution” and “Discovery,” 1776-1780, The (1955-) (Review by Roy A. Rauschenberg),

                I 82-83

Journals of Jonathan Carver and Related Documents, 1766-1770, The (1976) (Review by Warren L.

                Cook), IX 104-106

Journals of Joseph N. Nicollet: A Scientist on the Mississippi Headwaters, with Notes on Indian Life,

                1836-37, The (1970) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), III 123

Journals of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, with Letters and Related Documents, The  (1966) (Review by Ivan

D. Steen), I 80-81

Juan, Jayme (Astronomer), and lunar eclipse of 1584, VI 60

Juan Sebastián Elcano, autentico protagonista de la primera vuelta alrededor del mundo (1973), by

                Carlos Sanz (Review by Richard Boulind), VI 85-86

Juntas, scientific, Spanish, 16th century, VI 51-64

Juricek, John T., “English Territorial Claims in North America under Elizabeth and the Early Stuarts,”

                VII 7-22

 

 

Kahle, Paul, on Piri Reis, VI 23

Kalm, Peter (Botantist, 1715-1779), on Vinland, II 38

Kansas, survey of southern boundary of, John H. Clark and, VI 42

Karan, Pradyumna P., Bhutan: A Physical and Cultural Geography (1967) (Review by G. S. Dunbar),

                I 91-92

Karlsefni, Thorfinn (fl. 990-1000), Vinland voyage of, II 40, 51-54, 67, 60

Kuaps, Matti Enn, “Shifting Vinland—Tradition and Myth,” II 29-60; “Rejoinder,” III 97-105

Kazutuka, Unno, Nanba Matsutaro, and Muroga Nubuo (eds.), Old Maps of Japan (1973) (Review), VI 97

Kedar, Benjamin Z., Merchants in Crisis: Genoese and Venetian Men of Affairs and the Fourteenth-

                Century Depression (1976) (Review by Thomas Goldstein), XI 93-96

Keeler, Mary Frear, “The Boazio Maps of 1585-86,” X 71-80

Kelley, J. E. Jr., “The Oldest Portolan Chart in the New World,” IX 23-48

Kellogg, Miner K., M. K. Kellogg’s Texas Journal, 1872 (1967) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), II 112-114

Kelsay, Laura E. and Frederick W. Pernell (comps.), Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of

                Iowa, 1838-1846 (1971) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96-97

                -, and Charlotte M. Ashby (comps.), Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of

                                Wisconsin, 1838-1848  (1970) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 95

Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630), and Nicholas Copernicus, IV 51

                -theory of ocean currents, III 17, 21, 30

Kerala (India), X 22

Kerckhove, Melchior van den (Navigator, fl. 1609), and search for Northeast Passage, II 61, 72-74

Kerguelen Island, Chinese expedition to, III 40

Keulen, Gerard van (d. 1726), chart by, map XII 58

Keymis, Laurence (d. 1618), and search for El Dorado, VII 25

Kholodilov, Alexei (Merchant), and Bragin expedition (1772-1777), II 89

Kielchen, Peter (fl. 1821-1829), as Russian vice-consul in Rio de Janeiro, III 74, 90

Kilimanjaro, Mount, Johannes Rebmann on, I 68

Kircher, Athanasius (1601-1680), theory of ocean currents, III 28, 30

Klencke, Johan C. (Cartographer), Atlas (c1660), Lake Parima in, VII 26

Knighthood, practice of granting, 14th century, II 78-79

Knivet, Anthony (fl. 1591), on Brazil, III 67

Koch (ship), V 10, 14-17

Koeman, C., “The Chart Trade in Europe from Its Origin to Modern Times,” XII 49-64

Konvitz, Josef, “Changing Concepts of the Sea, 1550-1950,” XI 1-17

Korea, Japanese invasions of (1592-1598), V 48-49

Krapf, Johann Ludwig (Missionary, 1810-1881), as explorer, I 68, 74

Kraus, Hans P., Sir Francis Drake: A Pictorial Biography with an Historical Introduction and a Detailed

                Catalogue of the Author’s Collection (1970) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 117

Kruzenstern, Adam Johann von (Captain, 1770-1846), and Russian voyage of circumnavigation (1803-

                1807), III 72-73

Kuei-sheng Chang, “The Ming Maritime Enterprise and China’s Knowledge of Africe Prior ro the Age of

                Great Discoveries,” III 33-44

Kung Chen (Historian, fl. 1405-1435), on voyages of Cheng Ho, III 37

Kuskov, V. P., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 16-17

 

 

La Boulaye, Pierre de (fl. 1651), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 46

Labrador, and Sinclair expedition, II 77

                -as site of Vinland, II 33, 36, 39

Lach, Donald F., on historical literature of discovery, IV 19

                -, Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume 2: A Century of Wonder, Book 2 and 3 (1977) (Review

                                by Charles Trinkaus), XII 129-131

La Condamine, Charles-Marie de (1701-1774), and search for Manoa, VII 27

                -in Brazil, III 69

                -on Ecuador expedition, II 18, 23

La Cosa, Juan de (Navigator and Cartographer, 1460?-1510), X 62-65, 70

                -and Alonso de Ojeda, IV 121; X 63-65

                -and Amerigo Vespucci, X 63

                -and Christopher Columbus, X 62-63

                -and Rodrigode Bastidas, X 64

                -and slave trade in America, X 65

                -as owner of the Santa Maria, X 62-63

                -death of, X 65

                -world map of (1500), X 62-64; XI 69-70

Leat, Johannes de (Cartographer, 1593-1649), map of 1630, Manoa on, VII 26

Laguarda Triás, Rolando A., El predescubrimiento del Río de la Plata por la expedición portuguesa de

                1511-1512 (1973) (Review by Oliver Dunn), VII 71-72

Laguna de Términos (Mexico), and logwood trade, XII 65, 76, 81; map (1762) XII 76

Laing, Alexander Gordon (Army Officer, d. 1826), murder of, in Timbuktu, III 47, 57

Lamb, Ursula, Comment on “Faith and Empire: The Cross and the Crown in Portuguese Expansion,

                Fifteenth- Eighteenth Centuries,” by C. R. Boxer, VIII 89

                -, “Science by Litigation: A Cosmographic Feud,” I 40-57

                -, “The Spanish Cosmographic Juntas of the Sixteenth Century,” VI 51-64

Lancaster, James (1550?-1618), voyage to the Indies (1591), IV 113-114, 118

Land culture, imposition of, on the sea, XI 2-4, 9-15, 17

Land Surveys of Southern Ontario: An Introduction and Index to the Field Notebooks of the Ontario Land

                Surveyors, 1784-1859 (1973), by Louis Gentilcore and Kate Donkin, VII 92

Landgon, Robert, The Lost Caravel  (1975) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 92

Lange, Petrus de (fl. 1671), travel literature of, VIII 40

Langeren, Arnold van (fl. 1600), map of, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Langsdorff, Georg Heinrich (1774-1852), and F. B. Fischer, III 92

                -and Russian Academy of Science, III 71-73, 83, 85, 91-92

                -and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 70, 75-96

                -and Russian voyage of circumnavigation (1803-1807), III 71-73

                -as Russian consul general in Rio de Janeiro, III 89-91, 94-95

                -biographical data on, III 71

                -insanity of, III 89-91, 94-95

                -visit to Russsian America (1805-1808), III 72

L’Anse aux Meadows (New Foundland) see Newfoundland, as site of Vinland

Laon, Jean de, sieur d’Aigremont (fl. 1653), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 53

La Pérouse, Jean-François Galaup de, Voyages and Adventures of La Perouse (1969) (Review by Robert

                O. Lindsay), III 117-118

La Peyrére, Isaac de (1594-1676), on Greenland, IV 63-64, 79

Lapland, French expedition to (1736-1737), II 15-24

La Popeliniére, Lancelot Voisin, sieur de (Historian, 1541-1608), and cultural anthropology, VIII 46-50

                -and cultural diffusion, VIII 48-49

                -and French imperialism, IX 61-63, 66-67, 70-72

                -and historical writing, IX 61-62

                -and historiography, VIII 50-55

                -and terres australes, IX 63-64, 66-67, 70-72

                -and voyages of discovery, VIII 45-55; IX 62-63, 72

                -biographical data on, VIII 45

                -geographical conceptions of, IX 61-64, 66-67, 70-72

                -reaction to voyages of discovery, IX 62-63, 72

                -Les Trois Mondes (1582), IX 61-63, 66-68, 71-73

La Salle, Gadifer de, on Bethencourt expedition (1402), VII 34

Las Casas, Bartolome de (Historian, 1471-1566), and definition of conquest, XII 1-3, 7, 10-16, 18-19

                -and Spanish conquests in America, XII 1-3, 10-12, 14-16, 18

                -on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 8

Last voyage of Drake and Hawkins, The (1972), edited by Kenneth Andrews (Review by Bruce B.

                Solnick), V 93

Latitude, measurement of, II 15-24

Lausonniére, René, Three Voyages: René Lausonniére (1975), translated by Charles E. Bennett (Review

                by William S. Coker), X 105-106

Law, international, as defense of imperialism, VII 8

                -maritime, revision of, 20th century, XI 16-17

Lawson, John, A New Voyage to Carolina (1967) (Review by C. M.D. Thomas), I 93

Lawson, Merlin P. and Brian W. Blouet (eds.), Images of the Plains: The Role of Human Nature in

                Settlement (1975) (Review by John Parker), IX 99-101

Leāo, Gaspar de (Archbishop of Goa, fl. 1560-1575), and Portuguese imperialism in India, VIII 76

Le Blanc, Vincent (1554-c1640), voyages of, publication, VI 36-37

Le Gear, Clara Egli (comp.), A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress, Volume 7 (1973)

                (Review), VI 96

Leichhardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, The Letters of F. W. Ludwig Leichhardt (1969) (Review by

                Laurence S. Fallis), III 121-122

Leite, Duarte (1868-1950), on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 27

Lemaire, Isaac (Merchant, fl. 1616), and Dutch East India Company, II 68, 73

                -and Dutch-French economic competition, II 67-71, 73-74

                -and search for Northwest Passage, II 61, 69-74

Le Monnier, Pierre-Charles (1715-1799), on Lapland expedition, II 19

Lenz, Oskar, visit to Timbuktu (1880), III 57

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), geographical concepts of, IV 33-34

Lepe, Diego de, Caribbean voyage of (1499), IV 120

Letters of F. W. Ludwig Leichhardt, The  (1969) (Review by Laurence S. Fallis), III 121-122

Levant Company, and English exploration, IV 117-118

Levison, Michael, R. Gerard Ward, and John W. Webb, The Settlement of Polynesia: A Compter

                Simulation (1973) (Review by James E. Kelley, Jr.), VI 95-96

Lewis, Richard S., From Vinland to Mars: A Thousand Years of Exploration (1976) (Review by Don

                Greame Kelley), XII 104-105

Liberia, swiss missionaries in, I 73

Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancouver: Surveyor of the Sea, The (1960), by Bern Abderson

                (Review by George H. Tweney), I 83-85

Lima, Manuel Baptista de (Archivist), ressearch on the Azores by, V 61-64

Lindsay, Robert O., “Henry IV and the Northeast Passage to the Indies,” II 61-74

                -, “Pierre Bergeron: A Forgotten Editor of French Travel Literature,” VII 31-38

“Line of Demarcation” (Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494), VI 52-57

Linhares, Count of  (Viceroy of Goa, d. 1630), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 87

Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van (1563-1611), on Japan, V 47-48

                -travel literature of, VIII 29-30

Linschoten-Vereenifing (The Hague), comparartive description of, VI 68

Lissitzyn, Oliver J., and theory of imperialism, VII 7-8

Lister, Martin (1638?-1712), theory of wind patterns, III 29

List of Geographical Atlases in the Libarry of Congress, The, Volume VII (1973), compiled by Clara Egli

                Le Gear, VI 96

Literature of Virigina in the Seventeenth Century, The (2nd edition, 1968), by Howard Mumford Jones

                (Review by Wilcomb E. Washburn), II 109-110

“Little Ice Age” (c1430-1850), IV 73; IX 84-85, 87

Livingstone, David (Missionary, 1813-1873), as an explorer, I 68, 75

Llano Estacado (Texas, survey of, VI 42-43, 45, 48

Lobo, Jerônimo (Jesuit, 1593-1678), as missionary in Ethiopia, I 70-71

Lockhart, James, The Men of Cajamarca: A Social and Biographical Study of the First Conquerors of

                Peru (Review by Martin Torodash), V 92

Logwood (palo de tinta), trade in, XII 69-74, 76-82, table XII 71

                -as factor in Anglo-Spansih relations, XII 70, 72-73, 78

                -involvement of pirates in, XII 72-74, 76-82, 84

                -John Coxon and, XII 73-74, 76-81, 83-84

                -use of, as dye, XII 71

London, Missionary Society, activities of, in Africa, I 75

Long, Edward, History of Jamaica (1774), I 15

Longest Voyage: The Story of the Daring Men Who Sailed around the World in the Glorious Age of

                Discovery, The (1972), by Robert Silverberg (Review by Robert H. Power), X 112-113

Loomis, Noel M. and Abraham P. Nasatir, Pedro Vial and the Roads to Santa Fe (1967) (Review by John

C.      Ewere), I 79-80

Lopes de Castanheda, Fernāo see Castanheda, Fernāo Lopes de

López de Gómara, Francisco (Historian, 1510?-1560), and interpretation of America as Atlantis, X 34-35

López de Velasco, Juan (fl. 16th century), on introduction of domestic animals to Jamaica, I 13

Lorimer, Joyce, “Ralegh’s First Reconiassance of Guiana? An English Survey of the Orinoco in 1587,”

                IX 7-21

Lost Atlantis: New Light on an Old Legend (1969), by J. V. Luce (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy),

                III 113-114

Lost Caravel, The (1975), by Robert Langdon (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 88

Lost Harbor: The Controversy over Drake’s California Anchorage(1979), by Warren L. Hannna (Review

                by Derek Howse), XII 126-128

Lost Tribes and Promised Lands: The Origins of American Racism (1978), by Ronald Sanders (Review by

                Harold J. Cook), XI 83-88

Low, Edward (Pirate, fl. 1722), and logwood trade, XII 65, 74

Lucas, Frederic William (Fl. 1898), on the Zeno narrative, II 76, 84-85

Luce, J. V., Lost Atlantis: New Light on an Old Legend (1969) (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy),

                III 113-114

Lucian (2nd century A. D.), on transatlantic exploration, X 9

Lugo y Montalvo, Cristóval de, as General of the Manila galleon (1634), IV 7, 9

Luna, Pedro de, on Gómez expedition (1524-1525), II 25

Lunan, John, Hortus Jamaicensis …  (1816), I 15

Lynch, Thomas (Governor of Jamaica, d. 1684), and logwood trade, 73, 76-77

Lyntgens, Pieter (Merchant, fl. 1604), and French East India Company, II 62-63

Lyskander, Claus C. (Poet, fl. 1726), on Bishop Erik Gnupsson, IV 78-79, 88

 

 

McAndrews, William J. and Clark G. Reynolds (eds.), University of Maine at Orono: 1973 Seminar in

Maritime and Regional Studies Proceedings (1974) (Review), VII 93

McCorkle, Barbara B. (comp.), “Recent Literature in Discovery History,” XI 71-82

McEwan, A. C., International Boundaries of East Africa (1971) (Review by Alexander Melamid),

                IV 1460147

McIntyre, Kenneth Gordon, The Secret Discovery of Australia: Portuguese Ventures 200 Years before

                Captain Cook (1977) (Review by Andre Gschaedler), XI 108

McIntyre, W. David, The Commonwealth of Nations: Origins and Impact, 1869-1971 (1977) (Review by

                Russel J. Linnemann), X 114-116

McKenna, James B., A Spaniard in the Portuguese Indies (1967) (Review by Paul Stewart), II 103-104

Mackenzie, Sir Alexander, Exploring the Northwest Territory; Sir Alexander MacKenzie’s Journals

                (1967) (Review by Martha Bray), I 86

                -,The Journals and Letters of Sir Alexander Mackenzie (1971) (Review by Donald E. Liedel),

                                IV 142-143

McLaughlin, Patrick D. (comp.), Pre-Federal Maps in the National Archives: An Annotated List (1971)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96

MacLeod, William Christie, and theory of imperialism, VII 7-8

M. K. Kellogg’s Texas Journal, 1872 (1967) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), II 112-114

Ma Huan (Linguist, fl. 1405-1435), on voyages of Cheng Ho, III 37, 42

Ma Huan: Ying-yai Sheng-lan: The Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores (1433) (1970), edited by J.V.G.

                Mills (Review by Kuei-Sheng Chang), III 131-133

Mace, Samuel, voyage to America (1602), II 10-12

Macer, Jean (fl. 1555), and voyages of discovery, VIII 55

Maddox, Richard, as chaplain on Edward Fenton expedition (1582), IV 116

Madeira Islands, interpreted as Isles of the Blessed, IX 75-77, 79

                -Portuguese discovery of, I 30

Madoc, son of  Owen Gwyneth (Welsh Prince, 1150-1180?), and Pre-Columbian exploration, II 29

                -John Dee on, X 40-41

Magellan, Ferdinand (1480?-1521), X 48-49

Magellan of the Pacific (1973), by Edward Roditi (Review by Paul Stewart), V 85-86

Mahogany trade, in Gulf of Honduras, XII 82-83

Major, Richard Henry (1818-1891), on Zeno narrative, II 78

Makers of Modern Geography, The (1969), by Robert E. Dickinson (Review by Preston E. James), III 113

Making of Modern Southeat Asia: Volume I: The European Conquest, The (1971), by D. J. M. Tate

                (Review by Martin Torodash), V 89-90

Malabar, archdeacon of, as prototype for Prester John, X 20-23

                -Chinese expedition to (1405), III 36

                -Chinese community of, X 15, 18-23

Malacca, Chinese expedition to (14-8-1411), III 36

Maldive Islands, Chinese expedition to (1413-1415), III 36

Mallery, Arlington H., on Greenland, IV 64

Mallet, Henry (fl. 1755), on Vinland, II 36, 38-40

Malaver de Silva, Pedro see Silva, Pedro Malaver

Mango, grown in Jamaica, I 19-20

Manoa (mythical city), appearance of maps, VII 25-30

                -search for, VII 23-30

Manuel I (King of Portugal, 1469-1521), and discovery of Brazil, I 33

                -and German investments in the NewWorld, X 47

                -and “policy of silence,” I 23-24, 26

                -and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 74-75

Manizer, G. G., and Russian exploration of Brazil, III 93

Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish Settlement Adjacent Thereto, A (1972), by Henry Popple (Review by Christopher M. Klein), V 74-76

“Mapping La Popeliniére’s Thought: Some Geographical Dimensions,” by Amy Galssner Gordon, IX 60-73

“Mapping the Road to Sante Fé, 1825-1827,” by John R. Hérbert, VII 39-51

Maps (see also: Charts), availability of, 18th and 19th centuries, XII 63-64

                -trade in, compared to chart trade, XII 64

                                -Dutch, XII 51-52

                                -history of, XII 49-54, 56, 59-64

                                -Italian, XII 52

Maps: A Historical Survey of Their Study and Collecting (1972), by R. A. Skelton (Review by Douglas W.

                Marshall), V 65-66; (Review), VII 91

Maps and Man: An Examination of Cartography in Relation to Culture and Civilization (1972), by

                Norman J. W. Thrower (Review by David Woodward), V 66-68

Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings (1966), by Charles H. Hapgood (Review by Harold L. Burstyn), I 77

Marcgraf, Georg (d. 1644), scientific research by, in Brazil, III 68, 70

March, Andrew L., The Idea of China: Myth and Theory in Geographic Thought (1974) (Review by

                Jeannettte Mirsky), VII 83-84

Marcondes de Souza, Thomas Oscar (Historian), on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 26

Marco Polo see Polo, Marco

Marco Polo: Venetian Adventurer (1967), by Henry H. Hart (Review by Vsevolod Slessarev), II 95-96

Marinescu, Constantine, on Prester John, X 17

Mariotte, Edme (1620?-1684), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 31

Maritime Archaeology (1978), Keith Muckelroy (Review by Clark G. Reynolds), XII 110-111

“Maritime Provenience of Iron Technology in West Africa, The,” by Michael F. Doran, IX 89-98

Maritime publications, dealers in, III 107-110

Marivault (Priest, fl. 1650), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 46-48, 56

Markham, Sir Clements, on Balboa expedition (1513), VI 9, 14

Markland, identification of, IV 53

Marques, Hernando (Pilot, fl. 1572), and Padron Real, VI 59

Marshall, Douglas W., and Howard H. Peckham, Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of

                Manuscript Maps (1976) (Review by Christopher M. Klein), IX 103-104

Marsigli, Luigi Ferdinando (Count, 1658-1730), and cultural attitudes toward the sea, XI 4-5

Martellus Germanius, Henricus (Cartographer, fl. 1480-1490), dependence on cartographic tradition of

                Ptolemy, VI 82

                -world map of (1490 edition), influence of on Atlantic voyages, VI 79-83

Martin, Henry-Jean and Lucien Febvre, The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800

(1979) (Review by David B. Quinn), XII 115-120

Martinez, Juan (fl. 17th century), and search for Manoa, VII 24-25

Martyr, Peter see Peter, Martyr

Mary I (Queen of England, 1516-1558), policy on exploration, IV 111

Mary and Misogyny: Women in Iberian Expansion Overseas, 1415-1815 (1975), by C. R. Boxer (Review

                by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 90

Maryland, as site of Vinland, II 53

Massa, Isaäc (fl. 1610), and search for Northeast Passage, II 72-73

Massachusetts Bay, colonization of, and missionary activity, XI 24-25

Mather, Thomas (fl. 1825), as member of Sante Fe Road Commission, VII 40, 42, 47

Matsutaro, Nanba, Muroga Nubuo, and Unno Kazutuka (eds.), Olds Maps of Japan (1973), VI 97

Mattes, Merrill J., The Great River Road: The Covered Wagon Mainline via Fort Kearny to Fort Laramie

(1969) (Review by Robert W. McCluggage), III 124-125

Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de (1698-1759), on Lapland expedition, II 18-24

Maurice of Nassau (Prince of Orange, 1567-1625), and search for Northeast Passage, II 61

Maury, Matthew Fontaine (1806-1873), and oceanography, XI 8-9

Mazarin, Jules (Cardinal, 1602-1661), and Guiana, XI 46

Mecca, Chinese expedition to (1413-1415), III 36

Medina, José Toribio (Historian, 1852-1930), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 11

Medina, Pedro de (Cartographer, fl. 1524), and location of Moulucca Uslands, VI 56

                -dispute with Diego Gutierrez, I 43-57

                -,A Navigator’s Universe: The Libro de Cosmographía of 1538 (1972) (Review by Peter M.

                                Enggass), V 72-73

Melón y Ruiz de Gordejuela, Amando, on Balboa expedition (1513), VI 12

Men of Cajamarca: A Social and Biographical Study of the First Conquerors of Peru (1972), by James

                Lockhart (Review by Martin Torodash), V 92

Mendoza, Juan Gonzáles de (Cardinal, 1428-1495), travel literature of, VIII 29-30

                -, Historie of the Great and Mightie Kingdome of China (English translation by Robert Parke,

                                1588), V 47

Menetries, Edouard Charles (Zoologist), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 76, 78

Mentielle, F. (Cartographer), map of 1806, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Mercantilism, Florentine, as motivation for voyages of discovery, VIII 20-24

Mercator, Gerhardus (Cartographer, 1512-1594), Atlas (begun 1585, with Jodocus Hondius), IX 62, 70-73

                -Atlas (1633 edition), Lake Parima in, VII 26

“Merchants, Courtiers, and the Sea Route to the Indies: The Case of Elizabethan England,” by David

                Fischer, IV 111-118

Merchants in Crisis: Genoese and Venetian Men of Affairs and the Fourteenth-Century Depression

                (1976), by Benjamin Z. Kedar (Review by Thomas Goldstein), XI 93-96

Meroe, Pedro (Cartographer, 1496?-1552?), I 47-48, 53

Mexico, and survey of Sante Fe Trail (1825-1827), VII 39, 42, 44

Michigan, University of, William L. Clements Library, Program in the History of Discovery, “The New

                Worlds and the Old: Reciprocal Influences in the Age of Discoveries” (Conference, 1974), SEE:

                Contents of Volume 8 (1976)

Miertsching, Johann, Frozen Ships: The Arctic Diary of Johann Miertsching, 1850-1854 (1967) (Review

                by Carol Urness), I 85-86

Miguel Corte-Real and the Dighton Writing Rock (1970), by George F. W. Young (Review by Richard

                Boulind), VII 73-76

Mikan, Johann Christian, expedition to Brazil (1817), III 70

Miller, David Harry and Jerome O. Steffen (eds.), The Frontier: Comparative Studies (1977) (Review by

                Thomas S. Burns), XI 113-115

Miller, Luree, On Top of the World: Five Women Explorers in Tibet (1976) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky),

                XI, 105-107

Mills, J. V. G. (ed.), Ma Huan: Ying-yai Sheng-lan: The Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores (1433)

(1970) (Review by Kuei-sheng Chang), III 131-133

“Ming Maritime Enterprise and China’s Knowledge of Africa Prior to the Age of Great Discoveries,

                The,” by Kuei-Sheng Chang, III 33-34

Mining in the New World (1973), by Charles Prieto (Review by Cyril Allen), VI 92-93

Minnesota Historical Society, and source of the Mississippi River, VII 58-59

Mirrors of the New World: Images and Image-Makers in the Settlement Process (1977), by J. M. Powell

                (Review by Geoffrey J. Martin), XII 124-126

Mirsky, Jeannette, on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 124-126

                -, SirAurel Stein: Archaeological Explorer (1977) (Review by Svat Soucek), X 103-105

                -, The Westwards Crossings: Balboa, MacKenzie, Lewis, and Clark (1946, reprinted 1970),

                                (Review by Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 111-112

Miscellanea di storia delle esplorazioni, Volume I (1975), VII 93

Missionaries, English, in North America, 17th century, XI 19-27

                -in Africa, as explorers, I 68-76

                                -principle of comity among, I 75

                -in Sierra Leone, I 71-72

                -in the Gold Coast, I 73

                -Portuguese, in Africa, as explorers, I 70-71

Missionary activity, dependent of, upon political domination, XI 20-23, 25, 27

Missions to the Niger, Volume II-IV: The Bornu Mission, 1822-25, Parts I-III (1966), edited by Alexander

                Melamid (Review), I 88-89

Mission strategy, in Africa, I 74-75

Mississippi River, search for headwaters of, VII 53-63

Mjelde, M. M., on Vinland, II 44

Modelski, Andrew M. (comp.), Railroad Maps of the United States: A Selective Annotated Bibliography

                of Original 19th-Century Maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress

(1975) (Review), VII 91-92

Modyford, Thomas (Governor of Jamaica, fl. 1670), and logwood trade, XII 72-74

Mohammed II “the Conqueror” (Ottoman Emperor, 1430-1481), and Turkish imperialism, VI 31

Mol, Jan de (Playwright, fl. 1671), Chinese influence on, VIII 39

Molesworth, Hender (Governor of Jamaica, fl. 1684), and logwood trade, XII 77-79

Moll, Herman (Cartographer, 1688-1745), Atlas Manuale (1713), Lake Parima in, VII 27

Molucca Islands, location of, Spanish juntas and, VI 54-57

Monck, Christopher (Duke of Albemarle, fl. 1687), as Governor of Jamaica, XII 79

Montaigne, Michel (1553-1592), Essaist (1571-1580), influence of voyages of discovery on, VIII 55-56

Montanus, Arnoldus (fl. 1670), on Japan, V 55

Monteith, James, Barnes’s Complete Geography (1886), on source of the Mississippi River, VII 55, 58

Montejo, Francisco de (c1479-c1548), and Antonio Alaminos, X 67

Moodie, D. W. and John Spink, Eskimo Maps from the Canadian Eastern Arctic (1972) (Review by John

                Bockstoce), VII 81-82

Morales, Andrés (Cartographer, fl. 16th century), and “line of demarcation,” VI 54

Morales, Hernando (fl. 16th century), and “line of demarcation,” VI 53-54

Morejon, Pedro (Priest, 1562-1634?), on Japan, V 55-56

Morga, Antonio de, Suceso de las Islas Filipinas (1971) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IV 138-139

Morgan, Sir Henry (1635?-1688), in Jamaica, XII 68-69, 76, 79

Morison, Samuel Eliot (1887-1976), and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 55-56

                -on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 26

                -, The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A.. D. 500-1600 (1971) (Review

                                by Carol Urness), IV 129-132

                -, The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, A. D. 1492-1616 (1974) (Review

                                by Edward J. Goodman), VII 69-71

Morse, Jedidiah (Geographer, 1761-1826), on Vinland, II 39

Mosto, Andrea, Conte da (fl. 1900), on the Zeno narrative, II 77-78

Mount Hope Bay (Rhode Island), as site of Vinland, II 40, 53

Moving Frontier: North America Seen through the Eyes of Its Pioneer Explorers, The (1972), edited by

                Louis B. Wright and Elaine W. Fowler (Review by William P. Cumming), X 100-101

Mowat, Farley, on Vinland, II 49

Muckelroy, Keith, Maritime Archaeology (1978) (Review by Clark G. Reynolds), XII 110-111

Muldoon, James (ed.), The Expansion of Europe: The First Phase (1977) (Review by Thomas Goldstein),

                XI 93-96

Müller, Gerhardt Friedrich (fl. 1736-1758), and voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 7-9, 12, 14-15,

                19, 21, 23, 25

Munk, Jens (fl. 1619), and search for Northwest Passage, IV 88, 92

Münzer family, investments in the New World, X 46-47

Murillo, Pedro (Jesuit, fl. 1759), on the Manila galleon, IV 7

Murphy, Henry C. (Historian, 1810-1882), on Verrazzano voyage of 1524, XI 59-60

Muscovy Company, and English exploration, IV 116-117

 

               

Nansen, Fritjolf (1861-1930), on Vinland, IV 53

Nasatir, Abraham P. and Noel M. Loomis, Pedro Vial and the Roads to Sante Fe (1967)

                (Review by John C. Ewers), I 79-80

Nash, Gary B., “Perspectives on the History of the Seventeenth-Century Missionary Activity in Colonial

America,” XI 19-27

National Atlases: Their History, Analysis, and Ways to Improvement and Standardization(1972), edited

by G. Fremin and L. M. Sebert (Review by J. B. Post), V 70

Nationalism, Portuguese, 16th and 17th centuries, VIII 78-79, 84-85, 88

Nau (see also: Ships), 15th century, VIII 13

Naude, Gabriel (Librarian, 1600-1653), on Alessandro Geraldini, XII 21, 25

Nautical almanacs see Almanacs, nautical

Nautical charts see Charts, nautical

Nautical Charts on Vellum in the Library of Congress (1977), compiled by Walter W. Ristow and R. A.

Skelton (Review by Jeannette D. Black), XII 109-110

Naval guns see Guns, Naval

Navarrete, Martín Fernández de (1765-1844), on “minor voyages” to the Caribbean (1496-1500), IV 120

                -Biblioteca maritima espanola: Obra postuma (1968, reprint of 1851 edition) (Review by Ursula

                                Lamb), XI 103-105

Navigation, and shape of the earth, II 17-18

                -technical development, 15th and 16th centuries, VIII 14-16

Navigatori portoghesi sulla via delle Indie, I (1974), by Gaetano Ferro (Review by Samuel J. Hough),

                VII 78

Navigators, role of, in Spanish conquest, X 62-70

“Navigators of the Conquista, The,” by J. H. Parry, X 61-70

Navigators Universe: The Libro de Cosmographia of 1538, A (1972), by Pedro de Medina (Review by

                Peter M. Enggass), V 72-73

Nebenzahl, Kenneth, A Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, 1775-1795

(1975) (Review by John A. Wolter), VIII 102-103

Neidhart family, investments in the New World, X 57-59

Nemattanew (Powhatan Indian, fl. 1607), and the Virginia colony, XI 22-23

Neoplatonism (see also: Plato), X 29-30

Netherlands (see also: Dutch), and search for Northeast Passage, II 61-74

                -attempted colony in Brazil by, III 68

                -chart trade in, XII 51-54, 59-62

                -commercial expansion of, in 17th century, II 65-74

                -economic competition with France, 17th century, II 62-73

                -map trade in, XII 51-52

                -technology in, 16th and 17th centuries, Chinese influence on, VIII29-30

                -trade in rutters, XII 52, 54, 59-60

Netherlands, Revolt of the (1568-1607), Henry IV of France and, II 63-64

                -James I of England and, II 63-64

                -Philip II of Spain and, II 65

Netherlands, Spanish, Archduke Albert as ruler of, II 65, 67

Neufville, Nicholas de, sieur de Villeroy see Villeroy, Nicholas de Neufville, sieur de

New American World: A Documentary History of North America to 1612 (1979), edited by David B.

Quinn (Review by Wilcomb E. Washburn), XII 112-115

Newberry, John (fl. 1578-1585), explorations of, IV 118

Newberry Library, Center for the History of Cartography, establishment of, III 111-112

New England, as site of Vinland, II 37, 40-41, 44-45

New England Charter (1620), territorial claims of,  VII 18-19

Newfoundland, as site of Vinland, II 36-37, 39, 49, 53, 55-57; III 97-105; IV 54

“New Light on the 1524 Voyage of Verrazzano,” by Norman J. W. Thrower, XII 59-65

Newport Tower (Rhode Island), and pre-Columbian exploration, IV 79

News from Cythera: A Report of Bougainville’s Voyage, 1766-1769 (1970), by Louis Antoine de

Bougainville (Review by Helen Wallis), IV 135-136

New Spain and Honduras, Fleet of, description of, XI 31-32, 34-36

                -loss of (1622), XI 29-30, 34-35, 37, 39-40

Newspapers and news-sheets, Dutch, 17th century, and travel literature, VIII 33-34

Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727), and Nicholas Copernicus, IV 22, 25, 51

                -geographical conceptions of, II 16-18

-theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 21, 31

Newton, Robert R., The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy (1977) (Review by E. M. Palmer), XI 88-89

New Voyage to Carolina, A (1967), by John Lawson (Review by C. M. D. Thomas), I 93

New World see America; North America; Pre-Columbian explorations

“New Worlds and Everyman: Some Thoughts on the Logic and Logistics of Pre-Columbian Discovery,”

by Vincent H. Cassidy, X 7-13

“New Worlds and Old: Reciprocal Influences in the Age of Discoveries, The” (Conference, University of

Michigan, 1974) SEE: Contents of Volume 8 (1976)

New York, as site of Vinland, II 53

Neyn, Pieter de (fl. 1681), travel literature of, VIII 40

Nicholas V (Pope, d. 1455), letter of 1448, evidence of forgery of, IV 59-61

                -reference to Greenland, IV 59-61

Nicollet, Joseph N., Joseph N. Nicollet on the Plains and Prairies: The Expedition of 1838-39, with

Journals, Letters, and Notes on the Dakota Indians (1976) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), IX 103

-The Journals of Joseph N. Nicollet: A Scientist on the Mississippi Headwaters, with Notes on

                Indian Life, 1836-37 (1970) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), III 123

Niebuhr, Carsten (Danish Explorer, 1733-1815), exploration of Africa, IV 101-102

Niger River, European conception of the, 19th century, I 68, 71

                -exploration of, I 72

Nile River, European conceptions of the, 19th century, I 68

Nino, Peralonso (1468-1505?), Caribbean voyage of (1499), IV 120-121

Nok (West African culture, 2nd century B. C.), and iron technology, IX 89, 91-94; map IX 90

                -dating of, IX 91-92

Nordenskiold, Adolf E., on portolan charts, IX 37, 47

Norlund, Paul, on Greenland, IV 56

Norse exploration, of North America, II 29, 31-32, 34-60; III 97-105

                -of the North Atlantic Ocean, IX 83

North Africa see Africa, North

North America (see also: America), English missionaries in, 17th century, XI 19-27

                -English settlements in, significance of, VIII 95-96

                -English territorial claims in, VII 7-8, 11-22

                                -based on Atlantis legend, X 38-41

                                -historical literature on, VII 7n

                -voyages to, and Casa de la Especieria, II 25, 27-28

North America from Earliest Discovery to First Settlement: The Norse Voyages to 1612 (1977), by David

B. Quinn (Review by Jonathan Marwill), XI 92-93

North Atlantic World in the Seventeenth Century, The (1974), by Kenneth G. Davies (Review by John T.

Juricek), X 106-108

North Carolina, as site of Vinland, II 37

Northeast Passage, search for, II 61-74

                -and Vinland Map, IV 81, 87

                -as motive for English exploration, IV 112

Northwest Passage, search for,and Baffin expedition (1616), IV 92

                -as motive for English exploration, IV 112

                -Giovanni de Verrazzano and, II 25

                -Henry Biggs and, VII 15

                -Jens Munk and, IV 88, 92

                -John Bonoeil and, VII 15

                -John Dee and, X 40

                -Robert Johnson and, VII 15

                -Sir Humphrey Gilbert and, X 39-40

Notes on the Care and Cataloguing of Old Maps (1970, reprint of 1941 edition), by Lloyd A. Brown

                (Review by Christopher M. Klein), V 76-78

Nova Scotia, and expedition of Henry Sinclair, II 85

                -as site of Vinland, II 41

                -Portuguese voyages to, V 61-64

Novaya Zemlya (Russia), on 16th century maps, IV 81, 86

Nowell, Charles E., on Prester John, X 17

Nubuo, Muroga, Nanba Matsutaro, and Unno Kazutuka (eds.), Old Maps of Japan (1973) (Review), VI 97

Nuestra Señora de Atocha (ship), loss of (1622), XI 30, 34

Nuestra Señora del Rosario (ship), loss of (1622), XI 30, 34

Núñez Lobo, Rodrigo Manuel (Governor of New Andalucia), and survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 9-10

Nunn, George E., on Balboa expedition (1513), VI 16

Nürnberg, as 16th century financial power, X 46-47

Nürnberger family, investments in the New World, X 50-52

 

 

Obituaries: R.A. Skelton (by Helen Wallis), IV 126

                -Lawrence Counselman Wroth (by Jeannette Black), IV 125

Obras completas de D. Joāo de Castro: Edicao critica, Volume 1 (1968) (Review by P. P. Witonski),

                II 104-107

O’Cain, Joseph (Ship’s Master, fl. 1805), and Russian American Company, V 28

Ocean currents, Andre Thevet’s theories of, III 9, 11-12

                -Athanasius Kircher’s theories of, III 28, 30

                -Bernhard Varen’s theories of, III 23-24, 27-28, 30

                -Cornelius Drebbel’s theories of, III 13-14

                -Diego Columbus’s theories of, III 10-11

                -effects of, on exploration, III 7-31

                -Georges Fournier’s theories of, III 21-23, 25-26, 30

                -Giovanni Battista Riccioli’s theories of, III 25-26

                -Issac Vos’s theories of, III 26-27, 29-30

                -Johannes Kepler’s theories of, III 17, 21, 30

                -Joseph de Acosta’s theories of, III 13

                -Nathanael Carpenter’s theories of, III 17, 22, 25, 28, 30

                -Peter Martyr’s theories of, III 9-11, 17, 20

                -Sir Humphrey Gilbert theories of, III 11

Ocean liners, transatlantic, development of, XI 13-14

Oceanography, development of, as a science, XI 12

Oglobin, Nikolai N. (archivist, fl. 1900), and voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez (1648), V 9, 18

Ogryzko, I. I., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez (1648), V 17

Ojeda, Alonso de (1465?-1515), and Juan de la Cosa, X 63-65

                -Caribbean voyage of (1499), IV 121-122

Old Maps of Japan (1973), edited by Nanba Matsutaro, Muroga Nubuo, and Unno Kazutuka, VI 97

Old World and the New: 1492-1650, The  (1970), by J. H. Elliot (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

III 116-117

Oldenbarnevelt, Johan van (Dutch Advocate General, 1547-1619), and Dutch East India Company, II 62

“Oldest Portolan Chart in the New World, The,” by J. E. Kelley, Jr., IX 23-48

Oleson, Trygvi L., on Bishop Erik Gnupsson, IV 78

Oliveira, Fernando (fl. 1566), and terres australes, IX 68-70, 72

Oliver, Roland and Anthony Atmore, Africa since 1800 (1967) (Review by George J. Moutafakis), I 90-91

Olm, Ferdinand van (Captain, fl. 1486), and the Azores, I 32

Olschki, Leonardo, on Prester John, X 15, 17

Omai: First Polynesian Ambassador to England (1969), by Thomas Blake Clark (Review by Roy A.

Rauschenberg), III 118-119

Ondáriz, Pedro Ambosio de (fl. 1572), and Padrón Real, VI 59

On Top of the World: Five Women Explorers in Tibet (1976), by Luree Miller (Review by Jeannette

Mirsky), XI 105-107

Operation Sail (American Bicentennial), XI 1

Oppert, Gustav (1836-1908), on Prester John, X 16

Ordaz, Diego de (fl. 1528), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Oresme, Nicole (1330?-1382), on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 33, 43

Orinoco River, Portuguese intrigues on, 16th century, IX 8-11

                -deposition of Jean Retud on, IX 8-11, 17, 20

                -English support of, IX 12, 16-21

                -letter of Pedro de Angula on, IX 8-9

                -testimony of Juan de Gamex on, IX 8-9

Orkney, Henry Sinclair, Earl of see Sinclair, Henry (Earl of Orkey)

Orkney Islands, and Zeno narrative, II 75, 78-84

                -interpreted as location of Frisland, II 75

Orlova, N. S (Archivist), on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 12-13, 15

Ortelius (Cartographer, 1527-1598), and interpretation of America as Atlantis, X 38, 42

Ortell, Abraham see Ortelius

“Other Fortuante Islands and Some That Were Lost,” by Vincent H. Cassidy, I 35-39

Otto of Freising (Bishop, 1114?-1158), X 15, 19

Ottoman (see also: Turkish) administration of Egypt, 16th century, VI 32-33

                -bureaucratic administration, VI 31-33, 35-36

                -empire see Imperialism, Turkish

                -involvement in spice trade, 16th century, VI 31-33

                -naval power, 15th and 16th centuries, VI 25-27, 31, 34, 36

                -reaction to European voyages of discovery, VI 19-37

                -truce with Portugal (1564), VI 30, 35

                -warfare with Emperor Charles V, VI 27-29

Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzales Fernández de (Historian, 1478-1557), and interpretation of America as the

Hesperides, X 34, 36

-on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 7

-on Caribbean agriculture, I 14, 16-19

-on voyage of Esteban de Gamoez, II 26-27

 

 

Pacheco de Toledo, Andrés, as general of the Manila galleon (1635-1636), IV 7-9, 12, 17

Pacheco Pereira, Duarte (Navigator, fl. 1505), and Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 64-65

                -on navigation, VIII 16

Pacificación, usage of, XII 16

Pacific Basin: A History of Its Geographical Exploration, The (1967), edited by Herman R. Friis

                (Review by Robert Hitchman), I 87-88

Padrón real (Master Chart), in 16th century Spain, I 41-44, 48-52, 54-56; VI 57-60

Paine, Barrett Channing (Journalist, fl. 1886), and source of the Mississippi River, VII 55

Painter, George D., on the Vinland Map, I 63, 65-66; VI 80, 82, 84, 91, 93

Palestine, Exploration of, as desire to document the Bible, IV 98

                -by John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 95, 98, 100, 103-110; map IV 96-97

                -by Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 95, 98, 100-103, 106-110; map IV 96-97

                -deficiencies in early reports of, IV 98-100

                -19th century, IV 95-110

Pallas, Peter Simon (1741-1811), and Bragin expedition (1772-1777), II 87-88

Palsson, Hannes (fl. 1425), on Iceland, IV 60-61

Paluka, Frank, The Three Voyages of Captain Cook (1974) (Review), VI 97

Pamunkey Indians, capture of John Smith by, II 11-12

Panoramic Maps of Anglo-American Cities: A Checklist of Maps in the Collections of the Library of

Congress, Geography and Map Division (1974), complied by John R. Hébert (Review by Ivan D.

Steen), VII 89-90

Papacy, and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 73-74, 83

Papin, Nicholas (fl. 1654), and Compagnie de Terre de la ferme, XI 54-55

Paradise, as and Atlantic island, I 36-37

                -Columbus’s discoveries interpreted as, VIII 63-64

Paris, Gulf of, Alonso de Ojeda in (1499), IV 121

                -English privateers in, IX 7, 11, 20

                -French privateers in, IX 7, 11

                -Peralonso Nino in (1499), IV 120

                -Sir Walter Raleigh in, IX 7

Parima, Lake, search for, VII 23-30

Parke, Robert, translation into English of Juan González de Medoza’s Historie of the Great and Mightie

                Kingdom of China (1588), V 47

Parker, John, Books to Build and Empire: A Bibliographical History of English Overseas Interests to

1620 (Review by Dewitt C. Ellinwood, Jr.), I 93-94

                -, “Willard Glazier and the Mississippi Headwaters Controversy,” VII 53-63

                -, The World for a Marketplace: Episodes in the History of European Expansion (1978) (Review

by Samuel J. Hough), XII 111-112

                -and Carol Urness (comps.), The James Ford Bell Library: A List of Additions, 1965-1969 (1970)

                                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 129

Parry, John H., “Asia-in-the-West” with comment by Charles Gibson, VIII 59-72

                -, Comment on “Faith and Empire: The Cross and the Crown in Portuguese Expansion,

Fifteenth-Eighteenth Centuries,” by C. R. Boxer, VIII 89

                -, “The Indies Richly Planted,” I 11-22

                -, “The Navigators of the Conquista,” X 61-70

Paschal II (Pope, 1050?-1118), and Bishop Erick Gnupsson, I 58-59, 62-64

Passage through the Garden: Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American Northwest (1975), by John

                Logan Allen (Review by Ralph E. Ehrenberg), VIII 103-104

Pattern and Process: Research in Historical Geography (1975), edited by Ralph E. Ehrenberg (Review by

                Jesse H. Wheeler, Jr.), VIII 100-101

Paulding, Hiram, Journal of a Cruise of the United States Schooner “Dolphin” among the Islands of the

Pacific Ocean and a Visit to the Mulgrave Islands, in Pursuit of the Mutineers of the Whale Ship

“Globe,” with a Map (1970) (Review by Ernest S. Dodge), III 119-120

Peckham, Sir George (d. 1608), on English claims in North America, VII 12

Peckham, Howard H. and Douglas W. Marshall, Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of

Manuscript Maps (1976) (Review by Christopher M. Klein), IX 103-104

Pedrarias Dávila (Governor of Darien, 1440?-1531), and Bartolomé Ruiz, X 67

Pedro I (Emperor of Brazil, 1798-1834), Georg Heinrich Langsdorff and, III 76

Pedro Vial and the Roads to Sante Fe (1967), by Noel M. Leoomis and Abraham P. Nasatir (Review by

John C. Ewers), I 79-80

Penrose, Boise and Michael Strachan (eds.), The East India Company Journals of Captain William

Keeling and master Thomas Bonner, 1615-1617 (1971) (Review by T.K. Rabb), V 86-87

Pérez, Bernardo (fl. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Pernell,  Frederick W. and Laura E. Kelsay (comps.), Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of

Iowa, 1838-1846 (1971) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96-97

“Perspectives on the History of Seventeenth-Century Missionary Activity in Colonial America,” by Gary

B. Nash, XI 19-27

Peru, exploration of, and Bartolomé Ruiz, X 68-69

Peru: Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1838-1842 (1963), by Johann Jakob von Tscudi (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 128-129

Peter Martyr d’Anghiera (Historian, 1457-1526), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 8

                -on Columbia’s discoveries, VIII 62, 64

                -on Green Island, IV 59

                -theory of ocean currents, III 9-11, 17, 20

Petrus Plancius see Plancius Pieter

Peyrère, Isaac de la, see La Peyère, Isaac de

Phelps, William Dane (1802-1875), on discovery of Humboldt Bay, V 33-34, 36

Philip II (King of Spain and Portugal, 1527-1598), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 78

                -and the Revolt of the Netherlands, II 65

                -and Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), VI 56-57

Philippa of Lancaster (1359-1415), marriage to John I of Portugal (1397), I 29

Philipines, Spanish voyages to, XII 37

Phillip, William, Voyages in to the Easte and West Indies (1589), on Japan, V 47-48

Phoenician (see also: Carthage) exploration, by sea, X 9, 11-12

Picard, Jean (1620-1682), and geographical measurement, II 16-17, 20

“Pierre Bergeron: A Forgotten Editor of French Travel Literature,” by Robert O. Lindsay, VII 31-38

Pike, Ruth, Enterprise and Adevnture: The Genoese in Seville and the Openingof the New World (1966)

(Review by H. B. Johnson), II 102-103

Pike, Zebulon M., The Journals of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, with Letters and Related Documents (1966)

(Review by Ivan D. Steen), I 80-81

Pilgrims, visits of, to Palestine, IV 98-99

Pilots, and growth of chartmaking, XII 54

Pina, Ruy de (Historian, 1440-1521), on Portuguese exploration, I 24-25

Pinkerton, John (Cartographer, 1758-1826), map of 1811, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Pinto, Fernão Mendes (1509?-1583), visit to Japan, V 54

Pinto, Ribeiro, João (1595?-1649), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 82-84

Pinzón, Vicente Yáñez (Navigator, 1460?- 1524), Caribbean voyage to (1499), IV 120

“Pioneer Scientific Exploration in the Holy Land at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century,” by

Yehoshua Ben-Arieh, IV 95-110

Pirates (see also: Privateering), egalitarian society among,  XII 77-78, 80-82

                -in the Caribbean, and English colonial policy, XII 65-66, 68-69, 72-74, 77-78, 80, 82-83

                -involvement in logwood trade by, XII 72-74, 76-82, 84

Piri Reis (d. 1553), Book of Sea Lore, VI 21-25, 37

                -execution of, VI 29, 37

                -map of, VI 21

“Piri Reis and the Ottoman Response to the Voyages of Discovery,” by Andrew C. Hess, VI 19-37

Piso, Willem (1611-1678), scientific research in Brazil, III 68, 70

Piveronus, Peter J., Jr., “John Rastell’s Proposed Voyage to North America from Ireland, 1517-1519,”

III 59-65

Pizarro, Francisco (1470?-1541), and Bartolomé Ruiz, X 67-69

Pizarro, Gonzalo (1506?-1548), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Plague, in London (1603), II 8-9

Plancius, Pieter (Cosmographer, 1552-1622), and compilation of portolan charts, XII 59

                -and search for Northeast Passage, II 70

Planter society, establishment of, in Belize, XII 83-84

                -in Jamaica, I 13-14; XII 67-68, 79

Plate of brass, Drake’s see Drake , Sir Francis

Plato (427?-347 B.C.) (see also: Neoplatonism), on Atlantis, X 27-28, 35

                -Renaissance scholarship on, X 29-30, 42

Plezia, Marian, on the Tartar Relation (1245?), by Giovanni de Plano Carpini, I 65-66

Plutarch (46?-120?), geographical conceptions of, IX 75-76, 78-79

                -on Carthagian exploration, X 9

                Sertorius, and Isles of the Blesses, IX 75-80

Poetry, Dutch, 17th century, influence of travel literaturte on, VIII 34-37

Pohl, Frederick J., Prince Henry Sinclair: His Expedition to the New World in 1398 (1974) (Review by

George F.W. Young), VII 77-78

-“Prince ‘Zichmini’ [sic] of the Zeno Narrative,” II 75-86

-“The Viking Settlements of North America (1972) (Review by Georhe F.W. Young), IV 133-135

Poinsett, Joel R. (U.S. Minister to Mexico, 1779-1851), and survey of Santa Fe Trail (1825-1827), VII 44

Poiters, Adriaan (Author, fl. 1646), Chinese influence on, VIII 42

Polevoi, B. P., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 19-22

“Policy of Silence,” Portuguese see “Silence, policy of”

Polo, Marco (1254?-1324?), and search for Prester John, X 16

                -on Japan, V 47, 49

Pombal, Marquês de (Prime Minister of Portugal, fl. 1750-1777), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 85

Ponce de Leon, Juan (Governor of Puerto Rico, 1460?-1521), and Antonio Alamino, X 65

Poncet, Michel, seigneur de la Pointe (fl. 1609), and French East India Company, II 72

Ponko, Vincent, Jr., Ships, Seas, and Scientists: US Naval Explorations and Discovery in the Nineteenth

Century (1974) (Review by Clinton R. Edwards), VII 86-87

Pons, F.R. J. de (Cartographer), map of 1805, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Pontoppidan, Erik (Bishop of Bergen, 1698-1764), on Vinland, II 36

Pope, Dudley, The Buccaneer King: The Biography of Sire Henry Morgan, 1635-1688 (1978) (Review by

                B. R. Burg and Patricia A. Adank), XII 101-103

Poplinière, Lancelot Voisin, sieur de la see La Popelinière, Lancelot Voisin, sieur de

Popple, Henry, A Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish Settlements

Adjacent Thereto (1972) (Review by Christopher M. Klein), V 74-76

Porter, Russell Williams, The Arctic Diary of Russell Williams Porter (1976), edited by Herman R. Friis

                (Review by Peter J. Anderson), X 97-98

Portolan charts see Charts, nautical

Portugal, annexation of, by Spain, IV 112-113

                -chartmaking in, 16th century, XII 56

                -discovery of the Azores by, I 30-31

                -discovery of Brazil by, I 33

                -discovery of Cape Verde Islands by, I 31

                -discovery of Maderia Islands by, I 30

                -exploration of African coast by, historical literature on, I 30n

                -foreigners in, historical literature on, I 28n

                -French occupation of (1807), III 70

                -in spice trade, X 48-49, 51

                -Italians in, I 28-34

                -“policy of silence” in, I 23-24

                -rivalry with Castile, XII 8-9

                -throne of, Don Antonio as pretender to, IX 9-11, 13

                -truce with Ottoman empire (1564), VI 30, 35

Portugal and the Scramble for Africa, 1875-1891 (1967), by Eric Axelson (Review by E. Bradford Burns),

 I 89-90

Portuguese attack on Jidda (1517), VI 24

Portuguese empire, see Imperialism, Portuguese

Portuguese, in India, VIII 74-78, 80, 84-87

                -in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 43-44, 49

                -in Nova Scotia, V 61-64

                -interpretation of Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 61, 64-65

                -missionaries as explorers of Africa, I 70-71

                -nationalism, 16th and 17th centuries, VIII 78-79, 84-85, 88

                -voyages of discovery, involvement of foreigners in, I 29-34

Posidonius (1st century B.C.), and Isles of the Blessed, IX 79-80

                -geographical conceptions of, II 15

Post, J. B. (comp.), An Atlas of Fantasy (1973) (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), VI 94-95

Postel, Guillaume (fl. 1553), and interpretation of America as Atlantis, X 37

                -and voyages of discovery, VIII 55

Potato, grown in Jamaica, I 17-18

Pourson, J.B (Cartographer, fl. 1800), map of, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Powell, J. M., Mirrors of the New World: Images and Image-Makers in the Settlement Process (1977)

                (Review by Geoffrey J. Martin), XII 124-126

Powhatan Confederacy (17th century), and Virginia colony, XI 20-23

Pozzo, Paolo dal Toscanelli, see Toscanelli, Paolo dal Pozzo

Preaux, Charles de l’Aubespine, abbé de (Diplomat, fl. 1609), and search for Northeast Passage, II 71-72

Precision Astrolabe: Portuguese Navigators and Transoceanic Aviation (1971), by Francis M. Rogers

(Review by Oliver Dunn), IV 147-148

Pre-Columbian exploration (see also: America, discovery of; North America), II 29-60

                -and oral tradition, X 7-12

                -and ship design, X 11

                -as grounds for territorial claims, II 29

                -in Vermont, XII 95-100; [conference report], X 81-85

                -Norse, II 29, 31-32, 34-60

                -rationale for, X 7-13

Predescrubrimiento del Río de la Plata la expedición portuguesa de 1511-1512, El (1973), by Rolando A.

                Laguardo Trías (Review by Oliver Dunn), VII 71-72

Pre-Federal Maps in the National Archives: An Annotated List (1971), compiled by Patrick D.

McLaughlin (Reviewed by John A. Wolter), V 96

Preobrazhensky, Arkady I., Economic Maps in Pre-Reform Russia: material for a History of Russian

                Economic Cartography (1973) (review by Carla J. Tucker), VII 82

Prester John, archdeacon of Malabar as prototype for, X 20-23

                -as moral allegory, X 17-18

                -interpreted as emperor of Ethiopia, X 16

                -letter of, X 15-18, 22-23

                -location of, central Asia theory, X 16, 23

                                -Ethiopia theory, X 17, 23

                -possible Indian Prototype for, X 15-23

Prieto, Carlos, Mining in the New World (1973) (review by Cyril Allen), VI 92-93

Prince Henry Sinclair: His Expedition to the New World in 1398 (1974), by Frederick J. Pohl (Review by

                George F. W. Young), VII 77-78

Prince Society, The (Boston), comparative description of, VI 66-67

“Prince ‘Zichmini’[sic] of the Zeno Narratibe,” by Frederick J. Pohl, II 75-86

Pring, Martin, voyage of, to Cape Cod Bay (1603), II 10

Printing, impact of, on mapmaking and chartmaking, XII 49-53, 59-60, 63

Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communication and Cultural Transformations in Early Modern

Europe, The (1979), by Elizabeth L. Eisenstein (Review by David B. Quinn), XII 115-120

Privateering (see also: Pirates), and Englsih imperialism in the Caribbean, XII 68

                -as distinct from buccaneering, XII 68

                -proscription of, in the Caribbean (1667), XII 68

                -English, in Gulf of Paria, IX 7, 11, 20

                -French, in Gulf of Paria, IX, 7, 11

Problema histórico resuelto Cuál pudo ser el mapa con el estrecho que vio Magallanes en la tesorería

del rey Portugal (1973), by Carlos Sanz (Review by Richard Boulind), VI 85-86

Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference (1971), edited by Wilcomb E. Washburn (Review by Bruce

B. Solnick), IV 132-133

Processo gráfico usado pelos marinheiros do século XVII na determinaçāo da amplitude ortiva de um

astro (1970), by Luís de Albuquerque (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

Procopius (fl. 530), on Thanet, I 36

“Projected Voyage of Juan de Agramonte to the Carolinas, 1511, The,” by L.-A. Vigneras, XI 67-70

Prost, Henri (Urban Planner, fl. 1927), and seaports, XI 11

Ptolemy, Claudius (2nd century), geographical conceptions of, IV 85-86, 89, 91; VI 78-79, 81-82

                -geography (1482 edition), influence of, on Atlantic voyages, VI 78-79, 82

“Publication in the Aftermath of ‘Ancient Vermont,” by Vincent H. Cassidy, XII 95-100

Publishers, maritime, list of, III 107-110

Purchas, Samuel (Historian, 1575?-1626), on English claims in North America, VII 18, 20

                -on Japan, V 48-52, 54

Pyard, François (fl. 1601-1611), voyages of, publication of, VII 33

Pytheas of Massilia (4th century B.C.), voyage of Thule, IX 83

 

 

Quebec, as site of Vinland, II 53

Quetzalcóatl, relation of, to Christian theology, VIII 69-70

Queyroz, Fernāo de (Jesuit, 1617-1688), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 80-82

Quinn, Alison M. and David B. Quinn (eds.) Virginia Voyages from Hakluyt  (1973) (Review by Wilcomb

E. Washburn), VI 88-89

Quinn, David B., “The English Contribution to Early Overseas Discovery,” VIII 91-97

                -,(ed.), The Hakluyt Handbook (1974) (Review by Paul Stewart), VII 79-80

                -,(ed.), New American World: A Documentary History of North America to 1612 (1979)

(Review by Wilcomb E. Washburn), XII 112-115

-,North America from Earliest Discovery to First Settlement: The Norse Voyages to 1612 (1977)

                Review by Jonathan Marwil), XI 92-93

-,and Alison M. Quinn (eds.), Virginia Voyages from Hakluyt (1973) (Review by

Wilcomb E. Washburn), VI 88-89

                -, “’Virginians’ on the Thames in 1603,” II 7-14

Quintana, Manuel José (1772-1857), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 10

Quintero, Alonso (Navigator, fl. 1530), and Diego de Almaro, X 70

Quivira Society (Los Angeles, Albuquerque, and Berkeley), comparative description of, VI 70

 

 

Rabb, Theodore K. Enterprise and Empire: Merchant and Gentry Investment in the Expansion of

England, 1575-1630 (1967) (Review by M. E. Coyle), II 99-100

Radisson Society (Toronto), comparative description of, VI 69-70

Rafn, Carl Christian (1795-1864), Antiquitates Americanae (1837), influence of, on Vinland scholarship,

                II 40-41

                -on Vinland, II 39-41, 44

Railroad Maps of  the United  States: A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original 19th-Century

                Maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress (1975), compiled by

Anthony M. Modelski, VII 91-92

“Ralegh’s First Reconnaissance of Guiana? An English Survey of the Orinoco in 1587,” by Joyce Lorimer,

IX 7-21

Raleigh, Sir Walter (1552?-1618), and Guiana, IX 12-21

                -and Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, IX 15-18

                -and search for El Dorado, VII 24-25; IX 15-16, 21

                -and survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 7-8, 12-13, 16-21

                -discoveries of, as basis of English territorial claims, VII 12-13, 19-20

                -in Gulf of Paria, IX 7

                -interests of, in Virginia (1602), II 10-12

Ramos, Demetrios (Historian), on Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), VI 52

Ramusio, Giovanni Battista (1485-1557), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 8-9

Rare Americana: A Selection of One Hundred and One Books, Maps, and Prints Not in the John Carter

                Brown Library (1974) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

Rastell, John, attempted expedition of, to North America (1517), III 59-65

                -Arthur W. Reed on, III 59-60

                -and Thomas Howard, III 60

Rayfield, Donald, The Dream of Lhasa: The Life of Nikolay Przhevalsky, Explorer of Central Asia (1976)

                (Review by George Kish), X 102-103

Rebmann, Johannes (Missionary, 1820-1876), as explorer, I 68

                -on Mount Kilimanjaro, I 68-69

“Recent Literature in Discovery History,” compiled by Barbara B. McCorkle, XI 71-82; XII 85-94

“Recommendations for Contributors,” X 87-88

Reconquista (Spain), XII 2-4. 6-8

Rediscovery of New Mexico, 1580-1594: The Exploration of Chamuscado, Espego, Castano de Sosa,

Morlette, and Leyva de Bonilla and Humana (1966), by George P. Hammond and Agapito Rey

(Review by Marvin D. Bernstein), II 110-112

Red Man’s Land- White Man’s Law: A Study of the Past and Present Status of the American Indian

(1971), by Wilcomb E. Washburn (Review by William N. Fenton), V 83-84

Reed, Arthur W. (Historian), on John Rastell expedition (1517), III 59-60

Reeves, Benjamin (fl. 1825), as member of Santa Fe Road Commission, VII 40, 42, 47

Rego, Sebastiāo do (1699-1785), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 86-87

Reis, Piri see Pire Reis

Religious conversion, as instrument of imperialism, XI 19-22, 25-27, 47

                -compared to war, XII 13-14

                -historical literature on, XI 26-27

Religious literature, Dutch, 17th century, influence of travel literature on, VIII 41-42

Renaissance (see also: “15th century” and “16th century” as subheadings in other entries), ancient Egyptian

wisdom in, X 29-30

-expectation of a Golden Age in, X 25, 27, 30-33, 35-39, 42-43

-historical scholarship in, X 25-17, 29-30, 33, 37-39, 42-43

-Italian, and voyages of discovery, VIII 19-25

-Medieval science and, IV 23-25

-Platonic scholarship in, X 29-30, 42

                -role of science in, IV 20

“Renaissance Concept of the Earth in Its Influence upon Copernicus, The,” by Thomas Goldstein,

IV 19-52

Report of the General Survey in the Southern District of North America (1971), by William Gerard de

Brahm (Review by Jesse H. Wheeler, Jr.) V 81-83

Retud, Jean (Captain), deposition on survey of the Orinoco River (1587), IX 8-11, 17, 20

Reuter, Otto, on Vinland, II 45

Revolt of the Netherlands see Netherlands, Revolt of the

Rey, Agapito and George P. Hammond, The Rediscovery of New Mexico, 1580-1594: The Exploration of

Chamuscado, Espego, Castaño de Sosa, Morlette, and Leyva de Bonilla and Humaña (1966)

(Review by Marvin D. Bernstein), II 110-112

Reykjanes Ridge (North Atlantic), IX 84-85, 87

Reynolds, Clark G. and William J. McAndrew (eds.), University of Maine at Orono: 1973 Seminar in

Maritime and Regional Studies Proceedings (1974) (Review), VII 93

Rhode Island, as site of Vinland, II 55-56

Rhone River, delta of, on portolan charts, IX 28-29

Ribeiro, Diego (Cartographer, d. 1533), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55-56

Ribeiro Gaio, Joāo (Bishop of Malacco, fl. 1578-1611), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 77

Riccioli, Giovanni Battista (1598-1671), theory of ocean currents, III 25-26

Rice, grown in Jamaica, I 21

Richer, Jean (1630-1696), and geographical measurement, II 17

Ridderus, Franciscus (fl. 1664), travel literature of, VIII 41

Riedel, Ludwig, and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 75, 77, 79, 81-82, 84-87, 89-92

Rijp, Jan Cornelius (fl. 1596-1609), and search for Northeast Passage, II 70

Rios, Hernando (fl. 1609), and proposed search for Islas Rica de Oro y Rica de Plata, VI 61

Ristow, Walter W. (comp.), À la Carte: selected Papers on Maps and Atlases (1972) (Review by George

Kish), V 69

                -(comp.), Guide to the History of Cartography: An Annotated List of References on the History

of Maps and Mapmaking (1973) (Review), VI 96-97

                -and R. A. Skelton (comps.), Nautical Charts on Vellum in the Library of Congress (1977)

(Review by Jeannette D. Black), XII 109-110

Ritter, Carl, on Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 107

Robert II (King of Scotland, 1316-1390), and Earldom of Orkney, II 81

Robert, Willem C. H. (ed.), The Dutch Explorations, 1605-1756, of the North and Northwest Coast of

Australia (1973) (Review by Philip B. Gates), VII 84-85

Robertus Angelicus (fl. 1272), on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 32

Robinson, Edward (1794-1863), on John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 105

Roding, Johann Hinrich, Allgemeines Worterbuch der Marine (1969) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

II 119

Roditi, Edouard, Magellan of the Pacific (1973) (Review by Paul Stewart), V 85-86

Rodriguez de Fonseca, Juan (Bishop, 1451-1524), and Christopher Columbus, IV 120, 122, 124

                -influence of, on Spanish colonial policy, IV 120-122, 124

Rodriquez Serrano, Juan see Serrano, Juan Rod Rodriguez

Rogers, Francis M., “Agents for Nautical Publications,” III 107-110

                -, Atlantic Islanders of the Azores and Madeiras (1979) (Review by C. R. Boxer), XII 108-109

                -, Precision Astrolabe: Portuguese Navigation and Transoceanic Aviation (1971) (Review by

Oliver Dunn), IV 147-148

Rojas, Fernando de (fl. 1475?-1538), La Celestina, XII 5, 7

Roldán, Bartolome (fl. 1490-1500), on Alonso de Ojeda expedition (1499), IV 121

“Role of the Great Upper German Families in Financing the Discoveries, The,” by Hermann Kellenbenz,

X 45-59

“Role of the Italian Merchant Class in Renaissance and Discoveries, The,” by Thomas Goldstein, with

comment by Marvin Becker, VIII 19-28

Roman exploration, by sea, X 9-12

Romanticism, 19th century, and cultural attitudes toward the sea, XI 9

Romanus Pontifex (Papal Bull, 1455), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 73

Romoli, Kathleen, on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 11-13, 16

Rotberg, Robert I. (ed.), Africa and Its Explorers: Motives, Methods, and Impact (1970) (Review by Philip

W. Porter), X 94-97

Roteiro apócrifo do esreito de Magalhāes-Tentative de identificaçāo de autoria Um (1970), by Max Justo

                Guedes (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 134-135

Rouer, Raymond de (Baron de Forquevaux) see Forquevaux, Raymond de Rour, Baron de

Royville, Le Roux de (d. 1652), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 46, 50, 52-55

Rubio y Muñoz-Bocanegra, Ángel, on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 13

Rubstov, Nestor Gavrilovich, and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 76-77, 82-83, 86-90, 92

Rudbeck, Olof (1630-1702), on Vinland, II 34

Rugendas, Johann Mortiz (Artist), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 76, 78, 92

Ruiz, Bartolomé (Navigator, d. 1530), and Diego de Almagro, X 68-69

                -and exploration of Peru, X 68-69

                -and Francisco Pizarro, X 67-69

                -and Pedrarias Dávila, X 67

                -and Vasco Núñez de Balboa, X 67

                -death of, X 69

Russell, John (Cartographer), map of 1794, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Russian Academy of Science, Georg Heinrich Langsdorff and, III 71-73, 83, 85, 91-92

Russian American Company, and Aleut Indians, V 28-29, 33-34, 37, 39

                -and Fort Ross (California), V 28-29, 40

                -in California, V 27-29, 31, 39-40

                -Jonathan Winship and, V 28

                -Joseph O’Cain and, V 28

Russian Fur-hunting, in Aleutian Islands, 18th century, II 87-89, 91-93; V 27-29

                -on California coast, 18th century, V 27-29, 34

Russian voyage of circumnavigation (1803-1807), III 71-73

Russian Discoveries between Asia and America, with Supplement to Russian Discoveries (1970, reprint of

1787 edition), by William Coxe (Review by Henry Castner), XI 111-112

Russian Imperial Scientific Expedition, to Brazil (1821-1829), III 70, 75-96; map III 80

Rutters (see also: Charts, nautical), manuscript, seamen’s preference for, XII 50, 54, 61

                -Mediterranean, of William Barents, XII 55-56

                -origin of, XII 50, 54

                -trade in, Dutch, XII 52, 54, 69-60

Rutters of the Sea: The Sailing Directions of Pierre Garcie: A Study of the First English and French

Printed Sailing Directions, with Facsimile Reproductions, The (1967), by D. W. Waters (Review

by Andrew E. Rothovius), II 96-99

 

 

Sable Island (Nova Scotia), attempted Portuguese colonization of, V 61-64

Sacrobosco, Johannes de (fl. 1230), on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 30, 32

Sagas, Icelandic, sailing directions in, II 45-46

                -Vinland in, I 59-64; II 31-35, 38, 42-46, 48-49, 51-54, 56, 59

Sahara, as trade route between Carthage and West Africa, IX 91-94

                -Herodotus on, IX 93-94, 96

“Sailing Orders for the Manila Galleons of 1635-1636, The,” by C. R. Boxer, IV 7-17

“Sailing Orders for the Portuguese East-Indiamen of 1640 and 1646,” C. R. Boxer, XII 37-48

St. Augustine (Florida), Baptista Boazio’s map of, X 79

                --geography of, X 79

Saint Hilaire, Auguste de (Naturalist, 1799-1853), in Brazil, III 74, 94

Salamanca, Juan Cerezo (Governor of the Philippines), and the Manila galleon (1645-1636), IV 7, 11

Salcedo, Diego de (Governor of the Philippines), and the Manila galleon (1668), IV 8

Sale, Antoine de la (fl. 1440), on Greenland, IV 61-62

Sallust (86-34 B. C.), geographical conceptions of, IX 75-76, 78-79

                -Histories, and Isles of the Blessed, IX 75-80

“Sallust, Plutarch, and the ‘Isles of the Blest,’” by Philip O. Spann, IX 75-80

Salmon, in Vinland, II 49-51

Samoyed people (Siberia), and Vinland Maps, IV 81-84

San Agustin (ship), loss of (1622), XI 35-37

Sancho IV (King of Castile), and Castilian imperialism, XII 8

Sanders, Ronald, Lost Tribes and Promised Lands: The Origins of American Racism (1978) (Review by

                Harold J. Cook), XI 83-88

Sanderson, Michael and Derek Howse, The Sea Chart: An Historical Survey Based on the Collections in

the National Maritime Museum (1973) (Review by Thomas R. Smith), IX 107-109

San Francisco Bay (California), as site of Sir Francis Drake’s landing (1579), IX 49, 51, 53, 55, 57

San Ignacio (ship), loss of (1622), XI 37, 39

Sanson, Guillaume (Cartographer, d. 1703), map of 1677, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Santa Catalina (ship), loss of (1622), XI 37, 39

Santa Cruz, Alsono de (Cartographer, 1500-1572), I 51

                -and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

                -on Greenland, IV 62

Santaella, Rodrigo de Fernandez de see Fernandez de Santaella, Rodrigo de

Santa Fe (Mexico), United States trade with, VII 39, 42

Santa Fe Road Commission, VII 40, 42, 44, 46-50

Santa Fe Trail, survey of (1825-1827), VII 39-51; maps VII 41, 43, 45

Santa Margarita (ship), loss of (1622), XI 30, 34

Santo Domingo (see also: Hispanolia), Alessandro Geraldini on, XII 32

                -Baptista Boazio’s map of, X 53-55

                -geography of, X 77-78

                -German investments in, X 53-55

Santos, Antonio (fl. 1775), and search for Lake Parima, VII 28

Sanz, Carlos, Bibliografía general de los descubrimientos australes (1975) (Review), VII 92

                -, Ciento noventa mapas antiguos del mundo de os I al XVIII, que forman parte del proceso

                                cartográfico universal (1970) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 136

                -, “The Discovery of America: The Three Maps which Determined It, Promoted Knowledge of Its

                                Form, and Fixed Its Name,” VI 77-84

                -, Juan Sebastián Elcano, auténtico protagonista de la primera vuelta alrededor del mundo

(1973) (Review by Richard Boulind), VI 85-86

                -,? Problema histórico resuelto? ?Cuál pudo ser el mapa con el estrecho que vio Magallanes en

la tesorería del rey de Portugal? (1973) (Review by Richard Boulind), VI 85-86

Sāo Jorge da Mina (West Africa), Portuguese trading post at, I 32

Saris, John (d. 1646), residence in Japan, V 50, 52-53

Sarmiento de Gamboa, Pedro (Navigator, 1530?-c1590), search for El Dorado, IX 15-16

                -and Sir Walter Raleigh, IX 15-18

Sauer, Carl O., The Early Spanish Main (1966) (Review by Stanley F. Blount), I 79

Savelle, Max, Empires to Nations: Expansion in America, 1713-1824 (1974) (Review by Robert R.

Palmer), X 92-93

Scarron, Paul (Playwright, 1610-1660), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 49, 56

Schilder, Günter, Australia Unveiled: The Share of the Dutch Navigators in the Discovery of Australia

(1976) (Review by Richard Boulind), X 89-92

Schomburgh, Sir Robert H. (1804-1865), on Lake Parima, VII 29

Schǿning, Gerhard (1722-1780), on Vinland, II 36

Schurz, William Lytle, on carrera de Filipinas, XII 37

Science, and cultural attitudes toward the sea, XI 3-12

                -medieval, and the Renaissance, IV 23-25

                -role of, in the Renaissance, IV 20

“Science by Litigation: A Cosmographic Feud,” by Ursula Lamb, I 40-57

Science in the British Colonies of America (1970), by Richard Phineas Stearns (Review by Bruce B.

Solnick), III 122-123

Scientific method, in 16th-century Spain, I 40-57; VI 54-58, 60-62

Scientists and the Sea, 1650-1900: A Study of Marine Science (1977), by Margaret Deacon (Review by

John A. Wolter), V 93-94

Scott of the Antarctic (1978), by Elspeth Huxley (Review by Theodore J. Karamanski), XI 113

Sea, and 20th-century art, XI 14-15

                -cultural attitudes toward, 18th century, XI 4-6

                                -19th century, XI 8-11

                                -20th century, XI 10-17

                                -and Captain James Cook, XI 6

                                -and Count Luigi Ferdinando Marsigili, XI 4-5

                                -and science, XI 3-12

                                -and voyages of discovery, XI 2-3, 5-6

                                -Dutch, 16th and 17th centuries, XI 4

                                -English, 16th and 17th centuries, XI 3-4

                -imposition of land culture on the, XI 2-4, 9-15, 17

Sea around Them: The Atlantic Ocean, A. D. 1250, The (1968), by Vincent H. Cassidy (Review by David

L. Hicks), II 94-95

Sea Chart: An Historical Survey based on the Collections in the National Maritime Museum, The (1973),

by Derek Howse and Michael Sanderson (Review by Thomas R. Smith), IX 107-109

Sea Otter furs, Russian trade in, II 92-93

Seaports, 19th century, XI 9-11

                -20th century, XI 11-13

                -Henri Prost and, XI 11

                -relations with central governments, XI 11-12

Search for a Place: Black Separatism and Africa, 1860 (1969), by M. R. Delany and Robert Campbell

                (Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

“Search for the Mythical Lake Parima, The,” by Edward J. Goodman, VII 23-30

Sebastiāo (King of Portugal, 1554-1578), and Portuguese Imperialism, V 64; VIII 76-77, 79

                -as object of Messianic cult, VIII 79-80, 84, 87

Sebert, L. M. and G. Fremlin (eds.), National Atlases: Their History, Analysis, and Ways to Improvement

                and Standardization (1972) (Review by J. B. Post), V 70

Seboek, Lou (ed. And comp.), Atlases Published in the Netherlands in the Rare Atlases Collection (1973)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), VIII 98

Secret Discovery of Australia: Portuguese Ventures 200 Years before Captain Cook, The (1977), by

                Kenneth Gordon McIntyre (Review by André Gschaedler), XI 108

Seetzen, Ulrich Jasper (fl. 1802-1810), adoption of Arab costume and religion by, IV 107-108

                -Carl Ritter on, IV 107

                -comparison of achievements with John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 106-110

                -death of, IV 102

                -exploration of, in Arabia, IV 101-102

                                -in Egypt, IV 101

                                -in Palestine, IV 95, 98, 100-103, 106-110; map IV 96-97

Selim “the Grim” (Ottoman Emperor, 1467-1520), VI 20-21, 25, 32

Selman Reis (d. 1527), and expansion of Ottoman  empire, VI 22-23, 26, 28, 31, 33

Senex, John (Cartographer, d. 1740), map of 1721, Lake Parima on, VII 27

Serles (Pirate, fl. 17th century), and logwood trade, XII 76

Serour, Mordochai abi- see Abi-Serour, Modochai

Serpa, Fernández de (d. 1568), and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Serrano, Juan Rodriguez (fl. 1515), and “line of demarcation,” VI 53-54

Sertorius, Quintus (d. 72 B. C.), and Isles of the Blessed, IX 75, 78-80; X 9

Settlement of Polynesia: A Computer Simulation, The(1973), by Michael Levison, R. Gerard Ward, and

John H. Webb (Review by James E. Kelley, Jr.), VI 95-96

Severin, Tim, The Brendan Voyage (1978) (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), XI 91-92

Sharp, Bartholomew (Pirate, fl. 1680), and logwood trade, XII 65, 69, 76-77

Shetland Islands, and the Zeno narrative, II 75, 78-84

“Shifting Vinland- Tradition and Myth,” by Matti Enn Kaups, II 29-60; Rejoinder, III 97-105

Shinn, Beryle, and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-59

                -letter to Albert E. Doerr [text], IX 57-59

Ship design, and Pre-Columbian exploration, X 11

Shipping lanes, transatlantic, establishment of, XI 6, 8-9

Ships (see also: Caravel, Galleaon: Nau), Carthaginian, seaworthiness of, IX 97-98

                -Portuguese, 15th and 16th centuries, design of VII 12-14

                -Russian, 18th century, construction of, II 89-91

                -Spanish, 17th century, rats in, XI 38-39

                                -sails and rigging in, XI 32, 34-36

                                -seamanship in, XI 34-36

Ships, Seas, and Scientists: U. S. Naval Exploration and Discovery in the Nineteenth Century (1974), by

                Vincent Ponko, Jr. (Review by Clinton R. Edwards), VII 86-87

Shipwrecks and Archaeology: The Unharvested Sea (1969), Peter Throckmorton (Review by Carol

Urness), II 100-101

Shprintsin, Noemi G. (Anthropologist), on Brazil, III 93

Siam, Chinese expedition to (1408-1411), III 36

Sibley, George Champlin (fl. 1825), as member of Santa Fe Road Commission, VII 40, 42, 44, 46-49

Sibley, Marilyn McAdams, Travelers in Texas, 1761-1860 (1967) (Review y Ivan D. Steen), II 112-114

Sierra Leone, as missionary center, I 71-72

Do Sigilo Nacional sobre os Descobrimentes … (1924), by Jaime Cortesāo, I 23-26

“Silence, policy of,” Portuguese, 15th and 16th centuries, I 23-24

                -Historical literature on, I 23-27, 34

Silva Tello de Meneses, Joāo da (Count of Aveiras, d. 1650), and António Vieira, XII 38

                -and carreira da Ìndia (1640-1646), XII 37-39

                -and John IV of Portugual, XII 38-39

                -as viceroy of India, XII 39

                -biographical data on, XII 37-38

                -return voyage from India (1646), sailing orders for [text], XII 46-48

                -voyage to India (1640), sailing orders for [text], 39-46

Silveira, Gonçalo da (Priest, 1526-1561), as African Missionary, I 70

Silverberg, Robert, The Longest Voyage: The Story of the Daring Men Who Sailed around the World in

The Glorious Age of Discovery(1972) (Review by Robert H. Power), X 112-113

Simpson, Donald, Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East

Africa (Review by Wolfe W, Schmokel), IX 110-112

Sinclair, Henry (Earl of Orkney, d. 1400?), as vassal of Haakon of Norway, II 80-84

                -identification of, with “Prince Zichmni,” II 78-84

                -installation of, as Earl of Orkney, II 80-83

                -North American expedition of, II 85-86

                -pacification of Orkney and Shetland Islands by, II 80-84

Sir Aurel Stein: Archaeological Explorer (1977), by Jeannette Mirsky (Review by Svat Soucek),

X 103-105

Sir Francis Drake: A Pictorial Biography with an Historical Introduction and a Detailed Catalogue of

the Author’s Collection (1970), by Hans P. Kaus (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 117

Skelton, R. A,, obituary, by Helen Wallis, IV 126

                -on Greenland, IV 57, 92

                -on Vinland Map, I 58, 62-64; IV 73-74, 76, 80, 87, 89-91, 93

                -,Captain Cook- After Two Hundred Years: A Commemorative Address Delivered to the Hakluyt

Society (1969) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), II 119

                -,Maps: A Historical Survey of Their Study and Collecting (1972) (Review by Douglas W.

Marshall), V 65-66; (1972, 1975) (Review), VII 91

                -and Walter W. Ristow (comp.), Nautical Charts on Vellum in the Library of Congress (1977)

                                (Review by Jeannette D. Black), XII 109-110

Skerki Bank (Mediterranean shoals), on portolan charts, IX 26-27, 29

Sketches of Early Texas and Louisana (1966), by Frederic Gallardet (Review by Ivan D. Steen),

II 112-114

Skilliter, S. A., William Harborne and the Trade with Turkey, 1578-1582: A Documentary Study of the

First Anglo-Ottoman Relations (1977) (Review by Svat Soucek), XI 100-101

Skraelings. Identified as Eskimos, IV 54, 60, 62

                -in Vinland, II 53-60

Slavery, in the Caribbean, 16th century, IV 122-124

                -introduction of, to Jamaica, I 13

                -of American Indians, by the Spanish, IV 123-124

Slave trade, in America, Juan de la Cosa and, X 65

Slessarev, Vsevolod, on Portuguese “policy of silence,” I 27

                -on Prester John, X 17, 19

Slessarev, Vsevolod and Pirie Sublett, “The Vinland Caption Reexamined,” I 58-67

Sloane, Sir Hans, A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, St. Christopher’s, and Jamaica …

 (1707-1725), I 14-15

Smith, Buckingham (Historian, 1810-1871), on Verrazzano Voyage of 1524, XI 59-60

Smith, John (1580-1631), and missionary activity in Virginia, XI 20-22

                -capture of, by Pamunkey Indians (1607), II 11-12

Snorri Sturluson (1178-1241), on Vinland, II 35

Snyder, Martin D., “Bishop Geraldini’s Itinerarium of 1522,” XII 21-35

Società Ramusiana (Venice), comparative description of, VI 67

“Societies for the History of Discoveries,” by G. S. Dunbar, VI 65-71

Society for the History of Discoveries, comparative description of, VI 71

Society of Jesus see Jesuit

Society of Saint-Malo, and spice trade, II 62

“Sojourn of Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour in Timbuctoo and French Trans-Saharan Interests, The,” by

Sanford H. Bederman and Jack I. Biles, III 45-48

Solinus, Gaius Julius (3rd century B. C.), on Thanet, I 35-36

Solnick, Bruce B., “After Columbus: Castile in the Caribbean,” IV 119-124

                -, “In the Beginning …” [editorial policy statement], I 9

Soria, Treaty or (1291), XII 8-9, 11

Southern continent see Terres australes

Souza, Thomaz Oscar Marcondes de see Marcondes de Souza, Thomas Oscar

Soviet Geographical Exploration and Discoveries (1974), by N. A. Gvozdetsky (Review by George Kish),

X 113-114

Spain, and Dutch commercial expansion, II 65, 73

                -annexation of Portugal by, IV 112-113

                -attacks on North Africa by, 16th century, XII 7

                -colonial policy of, as directed by Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca, IV 120-122, 124

                -conquest of Canary Islands by, XII 5-7, 9

                -conquest of the Caribbean by, IV 119-124

                -conquest of Granada by, XII 6-7

                -in the spice trade, X 49-51

                -on the Vinland Map, IV 74-75

Spaniard in the Portuguese Indies, A (1967), by James B. McKenna (Review by Paul Stewart), II 103-104

Spanish Caribbean: Trade and Plunder, 1530-1630, The (1978), by Kenneth R. Andrews (Review by B.

R. Burg and Patricia A. Adank), XII 101-103

Spanish cosmographers, 16th century, I 40-57; VI 51-64

“Spanish Comographic Juntas of the Sixteenth Century, The,” by Usurla Lamb, VI 51-64

Spanish empire see Imperialism, Spain

                -exploration, 15th and 16th centuries, I 40-57

                                -relationship of, to conquest, X 61-62

                galleons see Galleons, Spanish

                -interpretation of Columbus’s discoveries, VII 61-63

Spanish Main, see Caribbean

Spanish Netherlands, see Netherlands, Spanish

Spanish reconquista, see Reconquista (Spain)

Spann, Philip O., “Sallust, Plutarch, and the ‘Isles of the Blest,’” IX 75-80

Speed, John (Cartographer, 1552-1629), map of South America of 1627, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Spence, Mary Lee and Donald Jackson (eds.), The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont, Volume I:

Travels from 1838 to 1844, and Map Portfolio (1970) (Review by Robert W. McCluggage), III

125-127

Spencer, Richard (Diplomat, fl. 1608), and Twelve Years Truce, II 65

Spice Islands see Molucca Islands

Spice trade, Charles V and, II 25

                -Ottoman involvement in, 16th century, VI 31-32

                -Portugal in, X 48-49, 51

                -Society of Saint-Malo and, II 62

                -Spain in, X 49-51

Spink, John ad D. W. Moodie, Eskimo Maps from the Canadian Eastern Arctic (1972) (Review by John

                Bockstoce), VII 81-82

Spittler, Christian Friedrich (fl. 1802), and Africa mission work, I 74

Spix, Johann Baptist von, expedition to Brazil (1817), III 70, 81

Sprengel, Matthias (1746-1803), on Vinland, II 37

Spurr, Richard E. and Charles E. Taylor (comps.), Aerial Photographs in the National Archives (1971)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96

Stafford, Sir Edward (1552?-1605), and Guiana, IX 14015, 18

Stalker, John (fl. 1688), on Japan, V 58

Stanton, William, The Great United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-1842 (1975) (Review by

Vincent                Ponko, Jr.), IX 101-103

Stearns, Raymond Phineas, Science in the British Colonies of America (1970) (Review by Bruce B.

Solnick), II 122-123

Stedmen, John G. (Captain, 1744-1797), map of c1777, Lake Parima on, VII 28-29

Steele, Colin, English Interpreters of the Iberian New World from Purchas to Stevens: A Bibliographic

Study (1975) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 80-81

Steensby, Hans P. (1875-1920), on Vinland, II 53

Stefansson, Vilhaljmur (1879-1962), on Greenland, IV 55-56

Steffen, Jerome O. and David Harry Miller (eds.), The Frontier: Comparative Studies (1977) (Review by

                Thomas S. Burns), XI 113-115

Stephenson, Richard W., “The Mapping of Nothwest Boundary of Texas, 1859-1860,” VI 39-50

Stevin, Simon (Mathematician, 1548-1620), invention of “sailing chariot” by, VIII 29-30

Storm, Gustav (1845-1903), on Vinland, II 41, 44

Strabo (63? B. C.- 24 A. D.), and Isles of the Blessed, IX 79-80

Strachan, Michael and Boies Penrose (ed.), The East India Company Journals of Captain William Keeling

and Master Thomas Bonner, 1615-1617 (1971) (Review by T. K. Rabb), V 86-87

Stromer family, investments in the New World, X 46

Struggle for Brazil: Portugal and “The French Interlopers” (1500-1550), The (1970), by Regina

Tomlinson (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IV 149

Struys, Jan Janszoon (fl. 1650), on Japan, V 55

Sturluson, Snorri see Snorri Sturluson

Suarez de Carabajal, Juan (Bishop of Lugo, fl. 1554), and Casa de Contratacion, VI 57-58

Sublett, Pirie and Vsevolod Slessarov, “The Vinland Caption Reexamined,” I 58-67

Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas (1971), by Antonio de Morga (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IV 138-139

Sudan, as origin of Nok iron technology, IX 89, 92-93

Suhm, Peter Frederick (Historian, 1728-1798), on Vinland, II 37

Suitcase Farming Frontier: A Study in the Historical Geography of the Central Great Plains, The (1974),

                by Leslie Hewes (Review by John Parker), IX 99- 101

Suleiman I “the Magnificent” (Ottoman Emperor, 1496?-1566), reaction of, to European voyages of

discovery, VI 19, 21, 25-30, 32, 37

Sumatra, Chinese expedition to (1408-1411), III 36

Summarie and True Discourse of Sir Francis Drake’s West Indian Voyage, A (1589), by Walter Bigges,

                publishing history of, X 71, 71n, 72, 77, 80

Surtsey: The New Island in the North Atlantic (1967), by Sigurdur Thorarinsson (Review by C. I.

Jackson), I 92-93

Susto, Juan Antonio, on Balboa expedition (1513), historical literature on, VI 14

Sweet potato, grown in Jamaica, I 12, 16

Sweyn I (King of Denmark, d. 1014), and Icelandic bishops, I 60-61

Symond, Rev. William (fl. 1609), defense of English claims in North America by, VII 17

Syrtes (Mediterranean gulf), on portolan charts, IX 33-36

 

 

Taillemite, Etienne (ed.), Bougainville et ses compagnons de voyage autour du monde, 1766-1769 (1978)

                (Review by Robert Vignery), XI 109

Tarter Relation (1245?), by Giovanni de Piano Carpini, Marian Plezia on, I 65-66

                -relation of, to Vinland Map, I 59, 65-66

Tarter River, on Vinland Map, IV 82-83

Tarters, Sea of the, on Vinland Map, IV 81-83, 90

Tate, D. J. M., The Making of Modern Southeast Asia, Volume I: The European Conquest (1971) (Review

by Martin Torodash), V 89-90

Taunay, Aime Adrien (Artist), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 78, 83-84, 86-87, 84-95

Taunay, Alfredo d’ Escragnolle (1843-1899), and Russian expedition to Brazil (1821-1829), III 92-94

Taylor, Charles E. and Richard E. Spurr (comps.) Aerial Photographs in the National Archives (1971)

                (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96

Tea, influence on Dutch life, 17th century, VIII 36-39

Teach, Edward (Pirate, d. 1718), and logwood trade, XII 65, 74, 77

Tebienkov, M. D. (Captain), Atlas of the Northwest Shores of America … (1852), and Humboldt Bay,

V 29, 31-34, 36, 39

“Tempest over Ancient America: Vermont Conference of 1977” [report], by Warren L. Cook, X 81-85

Temple, Sir William (1628-1699), on Japan, V 57

Tentler, Thomas, comment on “Confronting Cultures: The Effect of the Discoveries on Sixteenth-Century

French Thought,” by Amy Glassner Gordon, VIII 57

Terra Corterealis, on 16th century maps, IV 76-77

Terres australes, Andrea d’Albagno and, IX 64-70

                -Bartolomeu Velho and, IX 65, 67-69, 70

                -Fernando Oliveira and, IX 68-70, 72

                -Francesco d’Albagno and, IX 64-70

                -Lancelot Voisin, sieur de la Popeliniere, and, IX 63-64, 66-67, 70-72

                -Raymond de Rouer, Baron de Fouquevaux, and, IX 65, 68-70

Territorial acquisition in Age of Discovery, see Imperialism

Terry, C. M. (fl. 1886), and source of the Mississippi River, VII 56

Texas Boundary Commission, see United States and Texas Boundary Commission

Texas, mapping of northwest boundary of, VI 39-50; maps VI 41, 44, 47, 49

Texeira da Mota, Avelino, on Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), VI 52

Thanet (island), identified with death, I 35-36

“Theories of Wind Patterns and Ocean Currents from the Discoveries to the End of the Seventeenth

Century,” by Harold L. Burstyn, III 7-31

Thévenot, Melchisédech (1620?-1692), as editor of travel literature, VII 31, 37

Thevet, André (fl. 1555), on Brazil, III 67

                -theory of ocean currents, III 9, 11-12

Thomas (Apostle), evangelical mission of, VIII 69-70

Thompson, George A. (fl. 1812-1830), Geographical and Historical Dictionary of America and the

West Indies (1827), on El Dorado, VII 29

Thorarinsson, Sigurdur, Surtsey: The New Island in the North Atlantic (1967) (Review by C. I. Jackson),

I 92-93

Thorfinn Karlsefni see Karlsefni, Thorfinn

Three Relation of the West Indies in 1659-1660 Rene Lausonniere (1969), by Cosimo Brunetti (Review by

Bruce B. Solnick), II 120

Three Voyages of Captain Cook, The (1974), by Frank Paluka (Review), VI 97

Three Voyages: René Lausonniere (1975), translated by Charles E. Bennett (Review by William S.

Coker),                 X 105-106

Throckmorton, Peter, Shipwrecks and Archaelogy: The Unharvested Sea (1969) (Review by Carol

Urness), II 100-101

Thrower, Norman J. W., Maps and Man: An Examination of Cartography in Relation to Culture and

Civilization (1972) (Review by David Woodward), V 66-68

                -“New Light on the 1524 Voyage of Verrazzano,” XII 59-65

Thule, voyage of Pytheas of Massilia to, IX 83

Thurn, Sir Everard F. (Ornithologist), Among the Indians of Guiana (1883), on El Dorado, VII 30

Tierra Firma, Fleet of (Spanish), loss of (1622), XI 29-30, 40

Timbuktu, description of, 19th century, III 47-48

                -Jewish merchants residents in (1864), III 54

                -murder of Alexander Gordon Laing in, III 47, 57

                -visit to (1853), by Heinrich Barth, III 47-48, 57

                -visit to (1880), by Oskar Lenz, III 57

                -visit to (1828), Réné Caillié, III 47-48, 57

                -visits to, by Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour, III 49-58

Tokugawa Hidetada (fl. 1620), V 51-52

Tokugawa Ieyasu (fl. 1600), V 50-52

Tomlinson, Regina, The Struggle for Brazil: Portugal and “The French Interlopers” (1500-1550) (1970)

                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IV 149

Tordesillas, Treaty of (1494), VI 52-53; X 48; XI 67; XII 10-11

                -and Spanish exploration of the Caribbean, IV 122

                -Philip II of Spain and, VI 56-57

Tofaeus, Thormodus (1636-1719), on Vinland, II 34-36, 44, 48n

Tornǿe, J.K., on Vinland, II 53

Torodash, Martin, “Balboa Historiography,” VI 7-17

Torres, Tomas de (fl. 1524), and locationof Molucca Islands, VI 55

Torsellino, Orazio (Jesuit, fl. 1594), on St. Francis Xavier, V 56

Toscanello, Paolo dal Pozzo (Cosmographer, 1397-1482), and scientific geography, VIII 24, 28

Tovar, Juan de (Jesuit, c1546-c1626), and Quetzalcóatl legend, VIII 70

Travelers in Texas, 1761-1860 (1967), by Marilyn McAdams Sibley (Review by Ivan D. Steen),

II 112-114

Travel Literature, Dutch, 17th century, VIII 30-42

                -influence of, on frama, VIII 39-40

                -influence of, on poetry, VIII 34-37

                -influence of, on religious literature, VIII 41-42

                -French, 15th and 16th centuries, VII 31-38

Travels of Ibn Battuta, The Volume III (1972) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky), IV 139-140

Travels of Marco Polo, The (1970), by Cottie A. Burland (Review by Vsevolod Slessarev), III 114-115

Treaties see names of specific treaties (e.g., Tordesillas, Treaty of)

Trinidad, Portuguese intrigues in, 16th century, IX 7-10, 14-17, 20-21

Trois Modes, Les (1582), by Lancelot Voisin, sieur de la Popelinère, IX 61-63, 66-68, 71-73

“Trouble at Sea: The Return Voyage of the Fleet of New Spain and Honduras in 1622,” by Oliver Dunn,

XI 29-41

True Description of the Mighty Kingdoms of Japan and Siam, A (1636), by François Caron, V 54-55

Tschudi, Johann Jakob von, Peru: Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1838-1842 (1963) (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 128-129

Turkey Company, and English exploration, IV 112, 117-118

Turkish, see Ottoman

Turkish empire, see Imperialism, Turkish

Twelve Years’ Truce (1609), and Dutch commercial expansion, II 65-66, 72, 74,; text II 66n

 

 

United States General Land Office, VI 43

United States, Library of Congress, The Geography and Map Division: A Guide to Its Collections and

Services (1975) (Review), VII 91

United States, National Archives, Cartographic Archives Division, Guide to the Cartographic Records in

                the National Archives (1971) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 94-95

United States, Navy Department, Naval History Division, The American Revolution, 1775-1783: An Atlas

of 18th Century Maps and Charts (1972) (Review y David Woodward), VI 89-90

United States and Mexican Boundary Commission (1851), John H. Clark as member of, VI 40, 42

United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 39-40, 42-43, 45-46, 48, 50

University of Maine at Orono: 1973 Seminar in Maritime and Regional Studies Proceedings (1974),

edited by Clark G. Reynolds and William J. McAndrews, VII 93

Urdañeta, Andrés de (1508-1568), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56-57

                -and Padron Real, VI 59

Urness, Carol, “Dimitri Bragin’s Voyage in the North Pacific,” II 87-93

                -and John Parker (comps.), The James Ford Bell Library: A List of Additions, 1965-1969 (1970)

                                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 129

Uzoigwe, Godfrey N., Britain and the Conquest of Africa: The Age of Salisbury (1974) (Review by Philip

W. Porter), X 94-97

 

 

Valderrábano, Andrés de (fl. 1500-1520), journal of, on Balboa expedition (1513), VI 7

Valentijn, François, François Valentijn’s Description of Ceylon (1979), edited by Sinnapah Arasaratnam

                (Review by Michael Aung-Thwin), XII 105-107

Vallette, Marc F., on Balboa expedition (1513), VI 15

Van der Donck, Adriaen, A Description of the New Netherlands(1968) (Review by Lawrence H. Leder),

                II 110

Van Kley, Edwin J., “The Effect of the Discoveries on Seventeenth-Century Dutch Popular Culture,” with

                comment by William Hunt, VIII 29-43

Van Riebeeck Society (Cape Town), comparative description of, VI 69

Varen, Bernhard (1622-1650?), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 23-25, 27-28, 30

Vasquez de Espinosa, Antonio (Priest, d. 1630), biological data on, XI 31

                -on loss of Spanish fleet (1622), XI 30-32, 34-40

Velasquez, Diego (1465?-1522?), and conquest of Cuba, XII 12

Velho, Bartolomeu (Cartographer, fl. 1560), and terres australes, IX 65, 67-69, 70

                -maps of North America (1560), V62-63

Venezuela, German investments in, X 52-55

Venice, Domingo de (fl. 1593), and search for Manoa, VII 24

Verelius, Olof (1618-1682), on Vinland, II 34

Vermont, pre-Columbian, Old World artifacts in [conference report], X 81-85

Verner, Coolie, Explorers’ Maps of the Canadian Arctic, 1818-1860 (1972) (Review by John Bockstoce),

                VII 81-82

Verrazzano, Giovanni da (1485?-1528?), and Francis I of France, XI 60-61, 63-65

                -and search for Northwest Passage, II 25

                -voyage of 1524, XII 59-65; map XI 62

Vesconte, P. (Cartographer, fl. 1315), portolan charts of, 14th century, IX 26, 31-33, 36, 41, 43

Vespucci, Amérigo (1454-1512), and Alonso de Ojeda expedition (1499), IV 121

                -and Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 64

                -Juan de la Cosa, X 63

                -and the new Golden Age, X 33

                -geographical conceptions of, VIII 64, 66

Vespucci, Giovanni (Cartographer, fl. 1515), and “line of demarcation,” VI 53-54

                -and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

                -map of 1526, VII 65-67

Victor, Paul-Emile, Greenland expedition of, IV 64

Vídalín, Páll (1667-1727), on Vinland, II 37

Vides, Francisco de (Governor of New Andalucia, fl. 1591), IX 10

Vieira, António (Jesuit, 1608-1697), and Joao da Silva Tello de Meneses, XII 38

                -and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 80, 82

Vigneras, Louis-Andre, The Discovery of South America and the Andalusian Voyages (1976)

                (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IX 112-113

                -,“Greenland, Vinland, and the Yale Map,” IV 53-93

                -,“Is There a ‘Verrazano River’on Juan Vespucci’s 1526 Mappemonde?” VII 65-67

                -,“The Projected Voyage of Juan de Agramonte to the Carolinas, 1511,” XI 67-70

                -,“The Voyage of Esteban Gómez from Florida to the Baccalaos,” II 25-28

                -,“The Voyages of Diogo and Manoelde de Barcelos to Canada in the Sixteenth Century,”

V 61-64

Viking America: The Norse Crossings and Their Legacy (1972), by James Robert Enterline (Review by

                George F. W. Young), VI 86-88

Viking Settlements of North America, The (1972), by Frederick J. Pohl (Review by George F. W. Young),

                IV 133-135

Villarejo, Oscar M., Dr. Kane’s Voyage to the Polar Lands (1965) (Review by Ernest S. Dodge), I 85

Villeroy, Nicholas de Neufville, sieur de (French Secretary of State, 1644-1730), and Dutch-French

economic competition, II 67-68

Vinland, Adam of Bremen on, II 32, 33n, 58; IV 53

                -Arngrimur Jónsson on, II 32-36, 44

                -as myth, IV 53-54

                -as regional term, II 50, 53-54

                -astronomical observations and, II 44-45

                -Benjamin Franklin on, II 37

                -Carl Christian Rafn on, II 39-40, 44

                -Farley Mowat on, II 49

                -Fritjolf Nansen on, IV 53

                -Geoffrey M. Gathorne-Hardy on, II 53

                -grapevines in, II 38, 41, 49, 54-55; IV 53-54

                -Gustav Storm on, II 41, 44

                -Hans P. Steensby on, II 53

                -Helge, Ingstad on, II 50, 55, 58n; III 97-105; IV54

                -Henry Mallet on, II 36, 38-40

                -in Icelandic sagas, II 31-35, 38, 42-46, 48-49, 51-54, 56, 59

                -Isidore of Seville on, IV 53

                -J. K. Tornöe on, II 53

                -Jedidiah Morse on, II 39

                -Johann Reinhold Forster on, II 37, 40

                -John Filson on, II 38-39

                -Lief Eriksson’s voyage to, reconstructions of, map II 47

                -M. M. Mjelde on, II 44

                -Matthias Sprengel on, II 37

                -meaning of name, II 54-55

                -Olaus Rudbeck on, II 34

                -Olof Verelius on, II 34

                -on Vinland Map, IV 75-76

                -oral tradition of, in Iceland, II 31-32

                -Otto Reuter on, II 45

                -Páll Vídalín on, II 37, 44

                -Peter Kalm on, II 38

                -proposed site of, Chesapeake Bay as, II 44

                                -Finland as, II 34

                                -Georgia as, II 45

                                -James Bay as, II 31, 42

                                -Labrador as, II 33, 36, 39

                                -Maryland as, II 53

                                -Mount Hope Bay as, II 40, 53

                                -New England as, II 37, 40-41, 44, 45

                                -Newfoundland as, II 36-27; III 97-105; IV 54

                                -New York as, II 53

                                -North Carolina as, II 37

                                -Nova Scotia as, II 41

                                -Quebec as, II 53

                                -Rhode Island as, II 55-56

                                -Virginia as, II 35, 27, 46

                                -map, II 30

                -Rasmus B. Anderson on, II 41

                -salmon in, II 49-51

                -skraelings in, II 53-60

                -Thomas Campanius Holm on, II 35, 37, 46

                -Thormodu Torfaeus on, II 34-36, 44, 48n

                -topography of,  in Icelandic sagas, II 48

                -traditional information about, analysis of, II 43

                -William B. Babcock on, II 53

                -William Hovgaard on, II 53

“Vinland Caption Reexamined, The,” by Vsevolod Slessarev and Pirie Sublett, I 48-67

Vinland Map (see also: Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference, 1971), II 32, 43, 58-59;

IV 57, 73-76, 86-93

-Africa on, IV 75

-Andrea Bianco and, IV 74-75, 79, 83, 90

-and search for Northeast Passage, IV 81, 87

-Asia on, IV 79-84, 90

-as 17th century fraud, rationale for, IV 87, 89

-association of Giovanni de Piano Carpini’s Tarter Relation (1245?) with, I 59, 65-66

-Atlantic islands on, IV 77, 79, 90

-Bishop Erik Gnupsson and, I 58-64, 66; Iv 78-79, 89

-Brazil (imaginary island) on, IV 77

-captions on, I 58, 62, 64-67; IV 77-79, 83-84, 86-88

-Council of Basle (1430-1450) and, IV 61, 74, 86, 91

-G. R. Crone on, IV 74-75

-Greenland on, IV 57, 75

-Laurence Witten and, IV 77, 93

-orthography of, I 58-59, 64-67; IV 74-77, 89

-provenance of, IV 73-74, 87-93

-R. A. Skelton on, I 58, 62-64

-Samoyed people and, IV 81-84

-Sea of the Tarters on, IV 81-83, 90

-Spain on, IV 74-75

-Tarter River on, IV 82-83

-Vincent de Beauvais’s Speculum Historiale (c1473) and, IV 73-74, 80, 89-90

-Vinland on, IV 75-76

-voyage of Bjarni Herjolfsson and, IV 77-78, 89

-voyage of Lief Eriksson and, IV 77-78, 89

Vinland problem, archaeological solution of, II 55-58

Virginia, as site of Vinland, II 35, 37, 46

                -colonization of, and missionary activity, XI 19-22

                -and Powhatan Confederacy, XI 20-23

-English claims to, VIII 11-20

                -basis of, VIII 11-13

-Indians from, in England (1603), II 7-14

Virginia Charter, Second (1609), territorial claims of, VII 13, 17-18

Virginia Company, II 11-12; XI 19, 21

Virginia Voyages from Hakluyt (1973), edited by David B. Quinn and Alison M. Quinn (Review by

Wilcomb E. Washburn), VI 88-89

“‘Virginians’ on the Thames in 1603,” by David B. Quinn, II 7-14

Vizcaíno, Sebastián de (1550?-1615), and proposed search for Islaa Rica de Oro y Rica de Plata, VI 61

Vize, Vladimir I. (1886-1954), on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 17

Vlamingh, Willem de, The Explorations, 1696-1697, of Australia (1972) (Review by Ernest S. Dodge),

V 88

Vöhlin family, investments in the New World, X 47

Voisin, Lancelot (sieur de la Popeliniére) see La Popeliniére, Lancelot Voisin, sieur de

Vollenhove, Bernhard (Playwright, fl. 1661), Chinese influence on, VIII 31, 42

Voltaire (pseudonym of Francois Marie Arouet, 1694-1778), geographical conceptions of, II 16, 23-24

Vondel, Joost van der (Poet, 1587-1679), Chinese influence on, VIII 31-32, 42

Vos, Isaac (d. 1651), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 26-27, 29-30

Vossius, Isaac (Librarian, 1618-1689), Chinese influence on, VIII 31

“Voyage of Esteban Gómez from Florida to the Baccalaos, The,” by L. A. Vigneras, II 25-28

Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbadoes, Nieves, St. Christopher’s, and Jamaica … , A (1707-1725),

                by Hans Sloane, I 14-15

Voyage towards the South Pole Performed in the Years 1822-1824, Containing an Examination of the

                Antarctic Sea, A (1970, reprint of 1827 edition), by James Weddell (Review by Laurence S.

Fallis), III 120-121

Voyages and Adventures of La Perouse (1969), by Jean-Francois Galaup de la Perouse (Review by Robert

O. Lindsay), III 117-118

Voyages into the Easte and West Indies (1598), by William Phillip, V 47-48

“Voyages of Diogo and Manoel de Barcelos to Canada in the Sixteenth Century, The,” by L. A. Vigneras,

                V 61-64

Voyages of discovery see Discovery, voyages of

Voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano, 1524-1528, The (1970), by Lawrence C. Wood (Review by Harold L.

                Burstyn and John J. Renaldo), III 130-131

Vri, Abraham (Playwright, fl. 1700), on tea, VIII 38-39

Vries, Simon de (fl. 1682), travel literature of, VIII 40

Waghenaer, Lucas Janszoon (Cartographer, d. c1593), and Dutch chart trade, XII 52-53

Waldseemüller, Martin (Cartographer, 1470?-1518?), dependence of, on cartographic traditions of

Ptolemy                and Martellus, VI 82

                -geographical conceptions of, VIII 66-67

                -world map of 1507, influence on Atlantic voyages, VI 82-83

                                -influence on Balboa, VI 16

                                -influence on Nicholas Copernicus, IV 38-39, 41

Ward, R. Gerard, Michael Levison, and John W. Webb, The Settlement of Polynesia: A Computer

Simulation (1973) (Review by James E. Kelley), VI 95-96

Waring, Joseph I., The First Voyage and Settlement at Charles Town, 1670-1680 (1970) (Review by

Roger E. Ritzmann), III 128

Washburn, Wilcomb E., and theory of imperialism, VII 7-8, 11

-(ed.), Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference (1971) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

IV 132-133

-Red Man’s Land- White Man’s Law: A Study of the Past and Present Status of the American

Indian (1971) (Review by William N. Fenton), V 83-84

Waterford (Ireland), John Rastell in, III 60-65

Waters, D. W., The Rutters of the Sea: The Sailing Directions of Pierre Garcie: A Study of the First

English and French Printed Sailing Directions, with Facsimile Reproductions (1967) (Review by

Andrew E. Robthovius), II 96-99

Watson, Douglas S., and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49, 51, 58

Waymouth, George, voyage to Maine (1605), II 13

Webb, John W., Michael Levison and R. Gerard Ward, The Settlement of Polynesia: A Computer

Simulation (1973) (Review by James E. Kelley, Jr.), VI 95-96

Weddell. James, A Voyage towards the South Pole Performed in the years 1822-1824, Containing an

                Examination of the Antarctic Sea (1970), reprint of the 1827 edition) (Review by Laurence S.

Fallis), III 120-121

Weddle, Robert S., Wilderness Manhunt: The Spanish Search for La Salle (1973) (Review by James E.

Kelley), VI 93-94

Welser family, investments in the New World, X 47-48, 51-55, 57-59

Welsh, in America, English claims of, X 40-42

Wesseling, H. L. (ed.), Expansion and Reaction: Essays on European Expansion and Reaction in Asia

and Africa (1978) (Review by Anthony T. Sullivan), XI 96-97

West Indies see Caribbean

Westward Crossings: Balboa, Mackenzie, Lewis and Clark, The (1970, reprint of 1946 edition), by

Jeannette Mirsky (Review by Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 111-112

Weyss, John (Artist, fl. 1590), and Boazio maps, X 71-72

White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present, The (1978), by Robert

F. Berkhofer, Jr. (Review by Harold J. Cook), XI 83-88

Whiteway, R. S. (Historian, fl. 1899), on Portuguese imperialism in India, VIII 75

Wichmannus (Pirate, 14th century), identification of, with “Prince Zichmni,” II 78

Wied-Neuwied, Maximilian von (Prince, 1782-1867), expedition to Brazil, III 70, 74

Wilderness Manhunt: The Spanish Search for La Salle (1973), by Robert S. Weddle (Review by James E.

                Kelley, Jr.), VI 93-94

“Willard Glazier and the Mississippi Headwaters Controversy,” by John Parker, VII 53-63

Willes, Richard (fl. 1577), on Japan, V 43, 46

Williams, John (Pirate, 17th century), and logwood trade, XII 65, 76

William Harborne and the Trade with Turkey, 1578-1582: A Documentary Study of the First Anglo-

Ottoman Relations (1977), by S. A. Skilliter (Review by Svat Soucek), XI 100-101

Wilson, edward, Diary of the “Discovery” Expedition to the Antarctic Regions, 1901-1904 (1967)

(Review by John Parker), II 108-109

Wilson, Henry S., The Imperial Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa since 1870 (1977) (Review by Peter F.

B. Nayenga), X 108-109

Wind patterns, Aristotle’s theory of, III 8-9, 11-13, 15-17, 21, 24, 28, 30

                -Berhard Varen’s theory of, III 24-25, 27-28, 30

                -Cornelis Drebbels’s theory of, II 13-14, 19

                -effects of, on exploration, III 7-31

                -Francis Bacon’s theory of, III 14-20, 22, 25, 27, 30

                -Galileo’s theory of, III 16-17, 19, 21, 30

                -Hippocrates’ theory of, III 8-9

                -Issac Vos’s theory of, III 27, 29-30

                -Joseph de Acosta’s theory of, III 9, 11-13, 30

                -Liert Froidmont’s theory of, III 17-18, 26

                -Martin Lister’s theory of, III 29

                -Ralph Bohun’s theory of, III 28-29

                -René Descartes’s theory of, III 18-22, 24-25, 27-28, 30

                -Samuel Colepresse’s theory of, III 28

Winius, George Davison, The Fatal History of Portuguese Ceylon: Transition to Dutch Rule (1971)

(Review by Paul Stewart), IV 136-137

-and Bailey W, Diffie, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580 (1977) (Review by

                Thomas H. Flory), XI 98-100

Winship, Jonathan (Captain, fl. 1806), and discovery of Humboldt Bay, V 29, 31, 33-34, 36, 39-40

                -and Russian American Company, V 28

Winstone, Victor and Zahra Freeth, Explorers of Arabia from the Renaissance to the Victorian Era

(1978) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky), XI 105-107

Winwood, Sir Ralph (Diplomat, 156?-1617), and Twelve Year’s Truce, II 65

Witsen, Nicolas C. (1641-1717), on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez (1648), V 23-24

Witten, Laurence (Bookdealer), and Vinland Map, IV 77, 93

Wood, Benjamin, voyage to Malacca (1597-1589), IV 113-114

Wood, Robert l., Across the Olympic Mountains (1967) (Review by Ivan D. Steen), I 81

Woodward, David (ed.), Five Centuries of Map Printing(1975) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

VIII 101-102

World for a Marketplace: Episodes in the History of European Expansion, The (1978),  by John Parker

                (Review by Samuel J. Hough), XII 111-112

Wright, George M., A New and Comprehensive Gazetter(1837), on Lake Parima, VII 30

Wright, Louis B. and Elaine W. Fowler (eds.), The Moving Frontier: North America Seen through the

Eyes of Its Pioneer Explorers, The (1972) (Review by William P. Cumming), X 100-101

Wroth, Lawrence C., (1884-1970), obituary by Jeannette D. Black, IV 125

-on Verrazzano voyage of 1524, XI 59-60, 65

-,The Voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano, 1524-1528 (1970) (Review by  Harold L. Burstyn

                and John J. Renaldo), III 130-131

Wyld, James (“the Elder,” Printer, 1790-1836) map of 1829, Lake Parima on, VII 28

Yam, grown in Jamaica, I 16-17

Young, George F. W., Miguel Corte-Real and Dighton Writing-Rock (1970) (Review by Richard

Boulind), VII 73-76

Zanten, Lauren van (fl. 1661), travel literature of, VIII 40

Zarncke, Friedrich (Philologist, 1825-1891), and Prester John, X 16

Zelaeta, Juan de, as Captain-General of the Manila galleon (1668), IV 8

Zeno, Antonio (d. 1406), and Frisland, IX 81, 83

                -letters of, orthography of, II 78-80

                -voyage of, II 75-79, 85-86

Zeno, Carlo (1338-1418), letters to, II 75, 77

Zeno, Nicoló (1340?-1396), and Frisland, IX 81, 83

                -voyage of, II 75-79, 84-86

Zeno, Nicoló (16th century), and publication of Zeno narrative, II 76-77, 80, 85

Zichmni, as misleading of d’Orkney, II 79-80

                -as misreading of Sinclair, II 78-79

                -as misreading of Wichmannus, II 78

Zurla, D. Placido (fl. 1808), on the Zeno narrative, II 77

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