Society for the History of Discoveries

FINAL PROGRAM

The Society for the History of Discoveries
47th Annual Meeting
Portland, Oregon
September 7-9, 2006
(with pre and post tours Sept 5 - 10)

The Society for the History of Discoveries (SHD) held its 2006 annual meeting in the US Northwest. This year’s general theme, Exploring The Wonders of the Northwest, was inspired by the location of our conference in Portland, Oregon. Portland is located less than an hour’s drive west of Mount Hood, near the Columbia River Gorge and the end of the Oregon Trail, less than an hour’s drive south of Mount St. Helens, less than an hour north of the Willamette Valley wine country, and about two hours east of the mouth of the Columbia River where Lewis and Clark first saw the Pacific Ocean in 1805. Historic Fort Clatsop, where the Corps of Discovery over-wintered from 1805-1806 is nearby. Crater Lake, which appears on the reverse of the state series of US 25 cent coins is yet another attraction just hours to the south. The Oregon Historical Society, where our official events opened, had on display its permanent exhibit “Oregon, My Oregon” as well as a traveling exhibit from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC. Astounding bibliographic treasures about the two explorers are housed at Lewis and Clark College and were on display.

Our 47th annual meeting began with an evening reception and self tour of the Oregon Historical Society on September 7. Earlier that day, those who scheduled their arrival to include the day in Portland were invited to a two hour guided coach tour introducing the town and its environs. The rest of the day was open with free time enjoying will be able to spend the time enjoying the many museums, galleries and shopping venues the town has to offer. The formal program was held at Portland State University and Lewis & Clark College, September 8-9, and included a variety of paper sessions. The annual dinner keynote speaker was Jack Nisbet, renowned researcher and lecturer, who spoke on “David Thompson on the Columbia Plateau, 1800-1812,” integrating the work of fur agent and cartographer David Thompson into the sagas of contemporary Pacific Northwest explorers George Vancouver and Captains Lewis and Clark.

In addition to the formal program, two field trips were arranged to take advantage of the region’s unrivaled natural wonders. A pre-conference one-day trip (Sept. 6) followed the Columbia River to its mouth, near the route taken by Lewis & Clark as they finally spotted the Pacific Ocean. Visits were made to the Lewis & Clark Interpretive Center at Cape Disappointment in Ilwaco, Washington, then Fort Clatsop, and the Columbia River Maritime Museum and Astoria Column, both in Astoria, Oregon. A post-conference one-day trip (Sept. 10) proceeded up the Columbia River Gorge, stopped at Multnomah Falls and Bonneville Dam, and circled through the orchards around Mount Hood. The day ended at altitude 6,000 ft with a visit to the historic Timberline Lodge on Mount Hood.

The final program is provided below.

The Hilton Portland and Executive Tower, 921 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Portland, Oregon 97204, was the conference hotel. All guest rooms were in the Executive Tower, and all transportation originated there. 

Tom Sander
SHD Program Chair
Vice President 2006 & 2007

A Letter from the Daughters of Jack Parker
To be delivered to the attendees of the 2006 Annual Meeting

Dear Friends,

Thank you for the remembrance of dad at the annual meeting. Over the past several years we were fortunate to travel with dad to the Society for the History of Discoveries conferences in Guadalajara, New Orleans and Cody, Wyoming. What memorable trips those were! We had an amazing time with each trip, and were blessed to have seen our dad through the eyes of his colleagues and his friends. We know how important your organization was to him, and the great pleasure he took each year; enjoying the fellowship, scholarly pursuits and good-natured banter these conferences offered.

Years ago, mom had the good fortune to travel with dad to many of your conferences as well. Mom tells great tales, and speaks very fondly of those trips. Your organization has touched our family in so many ways. To see the delight in dad's eyes as he was surrounded by so many dear friends, is a very special memory we will always carry. We will forever be grateful you made us feel so welcome and allowed us to share in his joy.

We'd also want to thank you for your heartfelt thoughts, cards and letters this past winter. We miss dad a great deal, and imagine his absence at your meeting this year will not go unnoticed. There's a hole in our world, no doubt. But we are confident the solid foundation he helped build will be a legacy for many years to come. Hold him in your
thoughts as you enjoy your time together this year, and know how very proud he was of all your organization has accomplished.

Most sincerely,
Sarah Parker and Jackie Cherryhomes-Tyler

(NOTE: The 2006 Meeting opened with a tribute to Jack Parker, SHD Co-Founder and Fellow, who died on January 15, 2006.)

FINAL PROGRAM

Tuesday 5 September
Arrival of first participants
Evening – Dinner on your own
Wednesday 6 September
DISCOVER THE OREGON COAST - optional pre-tour
Click here for tour details
Thursday 7 September
DISCOVER PORTLAND – The Host City
9 - 11 am Guided coach tour of Portland and vicinity. Learn many fascinating facts and see the environs of our host city.
Departure from and return to the Hilton Portland & Executive Tower.
All day Self-Visits to Portland Museum of Art, Oregon Historical Society, Chinese Garden, Powell’s City of Books, the ‘Shanghai tunnels’, or take a "Spirit" River trip. Walk through this very compact city and enjoy tax-free shopping at a wide variety of national and local stores, including the Made in Oregon Store. Public transportation in the city center is FREE (in the Fareless Zone). All is very convenient to the conference hotel.
3 - 5 pm Conference Registration at the Hilton Portland & Executive Tower.
5:30 - 8 pm SHD 2006 Opening Reception at the Oregon Historical Society Entrance at 1200 SW Park Avenue. The Society’s two exhibit halls will be open for touring. Visit the permanent exhibit Oregon, My Oregon and the temporary traveling exhibition from the Smithsonian Institution called The American Presidency – a Glorious Burden. (No food or drink in the exhibit areas.).
8:30 - 10 pm SHD Council Meeting (Board Room, B Level, Hilton Portland & Executive Tower)
Friday September 8
SHD Paper Sessions & Annual Dinner
8.00 – 8:45 am Registration (inside Cramer Building Room 53, Portland State University [PSU])
8:45 - 9:00 am (Cramer Building, Room 53)
Opening remarks
Ralph Ehrenberg, SHD President
Tom Sander, SHD Vice President and SHD 2006 Program Chair
9:00 - 9:55 am OPENING ADDRESSES (Cramer Building, Room 53)
THE 2005 AND 2006 SHD ESSAY WINNERS (Chair: Carol Urness)
Layers of Discovery: Exploration and Innovation in Oceania
Alice Storey – Winner, SHD 2005 Essay Contest
In This Sign You Shall Conquer: The Cross of the Order of Christ in Sixteenth-Century Portuguese Cartography
Matthew H. Voss – Winner, SHD 2006 Essay Contest
SESSION 1A (Cramer Building, Room 53)
10:00-11:45 am SCURVY AND EXPLORATION (Chair: Ed Dahl)
Scurvy: A Vitamin Deficiency Disease
Nancy Heidenreich
Glimpses of Life of a Frontier Military Doctor: Scurvy at Fort Atkinson, 1819-1820
James Walker
Scurvy and the Early Exploration of Canada
Conrad Heidenreich
SESSION 1B (Cramer Building, Room 250)
10:05-11:45 am EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY ALONG THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST (Chair: Sandy Bederman)
Beeswax, Teak and Castaways: Searching for Oregon’s Lost Protohistoric Asian Ship
E. W. (Eb) Giesecke
Francis Drake and Sebastian Rodriguez Cermeño: The Evidence of the Ming Porcelains
Edward Von der Porten
Wu Tang, Marco Polo, Zheng He & Drake: Secret Voyages to the Pacific Northwest
Gunnar Thompson
From Northeast Asia to the Pacific Northwest: “Marco Polo” Maps and Myths
Benjamin Olshin
11:45 am Relocate to Smith Union (Parkway North), PSU, for lunch
12 noon - 1:25 pm Lunch (with An Update on the History of Cartography Project By Matthew Edney)
1:25 pm - 1:40 pm Return to Cramer Building
SESSION 2A (Cramer Building, Room 53)
1:40  - 3:00 pm ENCOUNTERS IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
(Chair: Ky Kylander)
Mapping the Territory of Oregon
Robert Hamm
Alexander Mackenzie, Explorer
Bill Warren
George Vancouver Meets Tlingit Indian Women
Dee Longenbaugh
SESSION 2B (Cramer Building, Room 250)
1:40  - 3:00 pm SEAFARING: PACIFIC – ANTARCTICA – ATLANTIC
(Chair: Richard Pflederer)
On the Vessel Sailed by Bartholome Ruiz in 1526
Cameron Smith
Who Discovered the Real Antarctic? 
Arthur Ford
The Leagues and Longitudes of Columbus
Arne Molander
3:00  - 3:15 pm Relocation to Cramer Building, Room 53
3:15  - 3:40 pm DISTINGUISHED SPEAKER SERIES
(Introduction by Ralph Ehrenberg, President, SHD)
Non-Medically Related Maps by Medical Doctors, 1480 to 1900
Norman J.W. Thrower, SHD Fellow
SESSION 3 Cramer Building, Room 53
3:40  - 4:30 pm EXPLORATION TO OPEN THE WEST OF AMERICA
(Chair: Alberta Auringer Wood) 
The French Maps of North America from Lahontan and Delisle to Le Page and Buache
Gordon Sayre
The Journey of Moncacht-Apé: Its Possible Effects on Contemporary Maps and on the Route of Lewis and Clark
Don McGuirk
(Paper delivered by James V. Walker)
4:30  - 5:15 pm Annual SHD Business Meeting (Cramer Building, Room 53)
6:30 – 7:30 pm Cocktail/Social Hour ( Salon Ballroom Foyer, Hilton Portland & Executive Tower) (Cash Bar)
7:30 - 10:00 pm SHD Annual Dinner (Salon Ballroom, Hilton Executive Tower)
--Honoring of the new SHD Fellow for 2006 2006 – David Buisseret
--Recognizing the Winners of the 2005 and 2006 SHD Essay Contests
--Thanking Sandy Bederman, outgoing Secretary-Treasurer
--Thanking meeting organizers Tom Sander and Jim Walker, and their spouses Jeanne and Barbara
Keynote speaker was Jack Nisbet, prominent researcher and author who spoke about the activities of David Thompson on the Columbia River. Thompson was an 18-19th century northwestern fur trader and geographer. Nisbet's most recent book is the 2005 The Mapmaker's Eye - David Thompson on the Columbia Plateau. Salon Ballroom, Hilton Portland & Executive Tower.
Saturday September 9
SHD Paper Sessions and Portland Overlook Day
8:00 am Depart Hilton Executive Tower (by motorcoach).
8:25 am Arrive Lewis & Clark College
8:30 – 9:00 am Morning refreshments (Albany Building)
9:00 – 9:10 am Remarks (Albany Building, Great Hall)
Ralph Ehrenberg, SHD President
Tom Sander, SHD Vice President, SHD 2006 Program Chair
SESSION 4 (Albany Building, Great Hall)
9:15 – 10:30 am DISCOVERING ROCKS AND ISLANDS 
(Chair: Bruce Solnick)
The Discovery and Charting of Ripple Rock
Michael Layland
The Discovery of the northern Marshall Islands by the Spanish, between 1526 and 1568
Rod Lévesque
Joseph Banks and Associates: Volcanoes and Geological Excursions
Donald Hogarth
10:30 – 10:45 am Break
SESSION 5 (Albany Building, Great Hall)
10:45 – 12 Noon ENCOUNTERS IN THE HISTORY OF DISCOVERIES
(Chair: David Buisseret)
Unguided Exploration, Poor Observations: Captain John Smith in Northern Virginia
Matthew H. Edney
Dressing and Undressing in the History of Discovery
Anne Good
The Mormons’ Role in Exploring the Interior American West
Richard Francaviglia
12 Noon Closing Remarks (Albany Building, Great Hall)
Ralph E. Ehrenberg, SHD President
12 Noon - 1:00 pm Buffet lunch in rooms adjoining the Great Hall
12:30 - 1:45 pm On-campus visits to the Hoffman Gallery of Contemporary Art, the Watzek Library Special Collections, and selections from the traveling exhibition, Literature of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
2:00 pm Coaches depart Lewis & Clark College (front of Student Union)
2:15 pm Arrival at drop off point for tour of Japanese Gardens. Site overlooks downtown Portland and Mount Hood.
(One coach continued immediately after Gardens drop-off to Hilton Portland & Executive Tower for those so desiring). 
4:00 pm Coaches depart Japanese Gardens for Hilton Portland & Executive Tower.
4:15 pm Coach arrived Hilton Portland & Executive Tower.
Formal end of SHD Annual Meeting.

Evening open to enjoy at one of Portland’s many excellent restaurants.
Sunday September 10
DISCOVER THE COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE AND MOUNT HOOD optional post-tour
(Click here for tour details)
Monday September 11
Departures or continued personal touring to such locations as:
Mount St. Helens National Monument, Washington
Fort Vancouver, Vancouver, Washington
Willamette Valley Wine Country (one hour from Portland)
● Further travels along the Oregon Coast
Crater Lake National Park (5 hours south of Portland)
Oregon Shakespeare Festival, Ashland, Oregon (285 miles south of Portland)
(Arrive early or stay later to enjoy the many touring venues in the region.)

Program as of September 10, 2006


Click here for a list of previous and future annual meeting venues.


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