The List of Charts and Drawings brought back to England

from Monterey by Broughton in 1793

Andrew David

 

In three appendixes to his article “The Journal of a Tour Across the Continent of New Spain...by Lieut.  W.R. Broughton in the Year 1793” Jim Mockford lists the charts and drawings taken to London from Captain Vancouver’s expedition, apparently copied by Broughton into his journal, whose present location is not stated.  The journal is in fact held in the National Maritime Museum to which it was transferred in 1968.1 Broughton’s journal does not contain the list of drawings and charts given in Mockford’s article, which unfortunately contains a number of errors as is apparent from the lists attached to Vancouver’s correspondence now held in The National Archives (formerly the Public Record Office) in London and reproduced below.2  The list of charts includes the surveys presented to Vancouver by Bodega y Quadra in Nootka, including Gray’s survey of the entrance to the Columbia River, in the exchange of surveys that took place there in 1793 and also the surveys Vancouver had received a few months earlier from Alcalá Galiano of the channels and islands between Vancouver Island and the mainland.  In view of these errors the lists are reproduced below.

The charts

No 1    A Chart shewing part of the Wt Coast of No America, from the lat 42 30 No & longde 230 30 Et to lat: 52 15 No and longde 238 03 Et.

 

No 2    A Chart shewing part of the Wt Coast of No America, from lat: 43 00 No, and longde 234 00 Et, to lat 36 36 No and longde 238 26 Et.

 

No 3    Port Quadra in the Gulf of Georgia on an enlarged scale.

 

No 4    Gray’s Harbour, on the coast of New Albion on an enlarged scale.

 

No 5    A Chart shewing part of the SW coast of New Holland, with the tracks of the Discovery & Chatham: and a sketch of King George the third’s Sound on an enlarged scale.

 

No 6    Copy of a Spanish chart, from the lat 48 20 No and longde 118 31 Wt of Cadiz to lat: 49 35 No and longde 120 22 Wt of Cadiz, received from Sr Quadra [Galiano in 2nd list].

 

No 7    Copy of a Spanish chart, from the lat 50 45 No & longitude 130 42 Wt of Paris, to lat: 55 40 No & longde 138 40 Wt of Paris, received from Sr Galiano [Quadra in 2nd list].

 

No 8    Copy of a Spanish chart, from the lat 16 00 No and longde 6 00 Et of St Blas to the lat 41 30 No and longde 40 00 Wt of St Blas, received from Sr Quadra.

 

No 9    A sheet containing four harbours and the entrance of the River Columbia, situated on the Wt coast of N America, as copied from Charts received from Sr Quadra.

 

No 10  Copy of a Chart of the Port of Bucareli, situated on the Wt coast of No America, as received from Sr Quadra.

 

No 11  Copy of a Chart of Nootka Sound, as recd from Sr Quadra.

 

No 12  Gray’s Harbour, as recd from Sr Quadra

 

No 13  Port of St Francisco, as recd from Sr Quadra.

 

No 14  The Bay of Monterrey, as recd from Sr Quadra.

 

No 15  Dusky Bay in New Zealand, as copied from a corect (sic) Sketch of Captain Cook’s, with the termination of two arms from Apparent Isles; and Facile Harbour, and Anchor Island, as examined by the Discovery’s & Chatham’s boats.

 

No 16  A Sketch of the Snares by Lieutt Broughton.

 

No 17  Chatham Island by Lieutt Broughton.

 

No 18  The River Columbia by Lieutt Broughton.

 

No 19  A Sketch of Hergest’s Islands, discovered by the Daedalus Store Ship, Surveyed by Mr Wm Gooch, Astronomer.

 

List of drawings brought back from Monterey by Broughton in January 1793    

In The National Archives there are signed lists of the drawings by Sykes and Humphrys that William Broughton brought back from Monterey. [The list of drawings by Sykes has a different numbering to that contained in his album. It is included here because the numbering agrees with those of his drawings which are numbered.]

 

No 1    View of part of the SW coast of New Holland, with Cape Chatham.

 

No 2    View of the Entrance into King George the Third’s Sound.

 

No 3    A Hut, of King George the Third’s Sound.

 

No 4    View in Oyster Harbour, King George the Third’s Sound.

 

No 5 & 6  Views of the Snares.

 

No 7    View of the SE Side of the Island of Woahoo.

 

No 8    View of Wytiti Bay, on the South Side of Woahoo.

 

No 9    View down Wymea River, Atooi.

 

No 10  View up Wymea River, Atooi.

 

No 11  View from an Anchor in Wymea Bay, Atooi.

 

No 12  View of a Morai, in Wymea Bay, Atooi.

 

No 13 & 14 Views of Onehow.

 

No 15  View on the So Side of Onehow.

 

No 16  View of the No Promontory of Cape Mendoicino, on the Coast of New Albion.

 

No 17  View at Anchor of part of the Coast of New Albion.

 

No 18  View at Anchor of Cape Orford, on the Coast of New Albion.

 

No 19  View at the Entrance of the Straits of Juan de Fuca.

 

No 20  View of the Entrance into Port Quadra.

 

No 21  View in Port Townshend, of the Land over Port Quadra.

 

No 22  View of the So Part of Adty Inlett.

 

No 23  View in Port Townshend, of Mount Baker.

 

No 24  View in So Part of Adty Inlett, of Mount Rainier.

 

No 25  View of Cheslakee’s Village, in Johnstone’s Straits.

 

No 26  View of Woody Pt on the Island of Quadra and Vancouver

 

No 27  View of Monterey.

By  John Sykes

A list of Views taken on board the Discovery

No 1    A View from the Anchorage, of the entrance of King George the thirds Sound.

 

No 2 & 3  Views of the Island of Oparro.

 

No 4    A View of Point Venus of the Tents from the Anchoring place in Matavai Bay Otaheite.

 

No 5    The remains of an Indian Village in the Gulf of Georgia.

 

No 6    A View in the Gulf of Georgia the distant land being the South side of De Fuca’s streights.

 

No 7    A View of Friendly Cove in Nootka Sound.

 

No 8    View of the Entrance of Nootka Sound & the land adjacent.

 

No 9    A View of the land from the North entrance de Fuca as far South as  Mount Olympus.

 

No 10  A View of Punta Baxo de Arena on the coast of New Albion.

 

No 11  A View of Punta de los Reyes & the Farallons.

 

No 12  View of the entrance of Columbia River & the land adjoining.

By H Humphrys

Mockford should also have stated that this journal was not seen or referred to by Kaye Lamb in his Hakluyt Society edition of The Voyage of George Vancouver.

 

1   RUSI/NM/132/2.

2   The National Archives, ADM 1/2629. This manuscript contains two lists of charts. The listing below is a copy of the first list. In the second list the names Quadra and Galiano are transposed for charts 6 and 7. A copy of the first list is also held in The National Archives in HO 28/11, which was published with some errors in The Mariner’s Mirror, Vol. X, pp. 82-4. The second list is the correct one since chart 7 is Caamano’s survey, presented to Vancouver by Bodega y Quadra.

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